IGNOU BSOC 101 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU BSOC 101 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU BSOC 101 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-BSOC 101 Introduction to Sociology-I. Sociology is the study
of human societies and social interactions.

IGNOU BSOC 101 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

Course Structure:

  • Block-1 Nature and Scope of Sociology
  • Block-2 Relationship of Sociology with other Social Sciences
  • Block-3 Basic Concepts

Q.1 How did French Revolution of 1789 contribute to the Emergence of Sociology?

The French Revolution of 1789 stands as a pivotal moment in history, shaping not only the course of France but also influencing global politics, economics, and social structures. Its profound impact on society spurred significant intellectual inquiry, particularly in the nascent field of sociology, which sought to understand the complexities of human interaction within social contexts. 

IGNOU BSOC 101 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-By unraveling entrenched hierarchies and sparking revolutionary fervor, the events of 1789 laid the groundwork for sociological exploration, setting the stage for the emergence of a discipline dedicated to dissecting the intricacies of societal dynamics.

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Central to the French Revolution was the glaring social inequality endemic to the Ancien Régime. The rigid class divisions, with the privileged nobility and clergy contrasted sharply with the impoverished masses burdened by taxation and feudal obligations. The revolutionary ideals of liberty, equality, and fraternity resonated deeply, challenging the status quo and provoking a reevaluation of societal structures. Thinkers like Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Denis Diderot provided early intellectual foundations, critiquing hierarchical systems and advocating for social reform. Their insights laid the groundwork for subsequent sociological examination of power dynamics and governance structures.

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Moreover, the French Revolution served as a living laboratory for the study of collective action and social change. The diverse mobilization of urban workers, rural peasants, and various interest groups highlighted the complexities of social movements and the interplay of competing interests. These experiences provided valuable insights into the mechanisms of social mobilization and paved the way for sociological analyses of revolutions and social transformations. Figures like Karl Marx and Alexis de Tocqueville drew upon these tumultuous events to explore the dynamics of revolutionary change and its enduring societal impacts.

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The Revolution also precipitated a cultural shift, challenging traditional norms and values while promoting secularism and rationalist thought. This upheaval laid the groundwork for the sociological examination of religion, morality, and symbolic interaction. Scholars began to investigate how cultural forces shape social behavior and institutional frameworks, setting the stage for interdisciplinary studies in sociology.

IGNOU BSOC 101 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Furthermore, the French Revolution spurred interest in empirical observation and scientific methods of inquiry. Scholars sought to document and understand the social changes unfolding around them, leading to the development of statistical surveys and ethnographic studies. Auguste Comte, influenced by the revolutionary spirit, championed a systematic approach to the study of society based on empirical evidence and scientific principles. This emphasis on empirical research laid the foundation for sociology as a rigorous academic discipline.

IGNOU BSOC 101 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Additionally, the aftermath of the French Revolution prompted widespread social reforms and political movements aimed at addressing inequalities and injustices. The abolition of feudal privileges, expansion of suffrage, and recognition of individual rights reshaped the social contract between citizens and the state. Sociologists would later draw upon these experiences to analyze mechanisms of social change and the role of institutions in shaping public policy.

Q.2 Examine the trends of the emergence of social anthropology

Q.3 Examine the differences of the emergence of sociology with social anthropology

Q.4 Do you think sociology and psychology have something in common? If yes explain.

Q.5 How would you define your role in the society using any of the sociological perspectives in social psychology?

Q.6 What are the main objectives of research in social pschology?

Q.7 Discuss the emergence of political sociology as an intersection of sociology and political science.

Q.8 Discuss the role of family and the school as agents of primary and secondary socialisation respectively.

Q.9 Discuss various approaches to understand social change.

Q.10 What are the major differences between the theoretical approaches of Radcliffe-Brown and Malinowski?

Q.11 What are the different types of Social groups? Describe with examples.

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Q.12 What are the bases of classification of Social groups? Explain.

Q.13 What are institutions? What are the different types of institutions? Explain giving examples.

Q.14 What do you understand by cultural diversity? Why is Indian society so diverse?

Q.15 What is the importance of different kind of associations in our social life?


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