IGNOU BPCC 111 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU BPCC 111 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

 BPCC-111 Understanding Psychological Disorders is a core course offered in the 5th Semester of BA Honours Programme in Psychology at IGNOU.

IGNOU BPCC 111 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

Course Structure:

  • Block-1 Psychological Disorders: An Introduction
  • Block-2 Disorders of Childhood
  • Block-3 Mental Disorders-I

Q.1 Explain how neurotransmitter and hormonal abnormalities may produce abnormal behaviour.

Abnormal behavior often stems from disruptions in the delicate balance of neurotransmitters and hormones in the body. These chemical messengers play pivotal roles in regulating various physiological processes, including mood, cognition, emotion, and behavior. Understanding how abnormalities in neurotransmitters and hormones can lead to abnormal behavior is essential for developing effective interventions and treatments for mental health disorders and promoting overall well-being.

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IGNOU BPCC 111 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Neurotransmitters are vital for transmitting signals between neurons in the brain and nervous system. They influence mood, cognition, and behavior. For instance, serotonin, often referred to as the "feel-good" neurotransmitter, helps regulate mood, sleep, appetite, and stress response. Low levels of serotonin have been associated with mood disorders like depression and anxiety. Similarly, dysregulation of other neurotransmitters such as dopamine and norepinephrine can lead to mood disorders like bipolar disorder and schizophrenia.

Furthermore, neurotransmitter abnormalities can affect cognitive functioning, impacting processes such as learning, memory, attention, and executive function. For example, disruptions in acetylcholine and glutamate signaling can result in memory deficits and impaired cognitive abilities. Additionally, neurotransmitter abnormalities can influence the brain's reward system, leading to addictive behaviors like substance abuse and compulsive eating.

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IGNOU BPCC 111 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Hormonal abnormalities also contribute to abnormal behavior by influencing mood, emotion, cognition, and social behavior. Hormones, released by the endocrine glands into the bloodstream, regulate various physiological processes. For instance, dysregulation of the stress response system, mediated by the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and cortisol, has been implicated in stress-related disorders like PTSD and anxiety disorders.

IGNOU BPCC 111 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Moreover, hormones like oxytocin and testosterone play significant roles in social behavior and interpersonal relationships. Oxytocin promotes bonding, trust, and empathy, while testosterone influences aggression and dominance. Abnormalities in oxytocin and testosterone levels have been linked to social deficits and aggressive behavior.

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Overall, abnormalities in neurotransmitters and hormones can disrupt normal physiological functioning and neural circuitry, leading to a range of abnormal behaviors and mental health disorders. Understanding these mechanisms is crucial for developing targeted interventions and treatments to address mental health challenges and promote overall well-being.

Q.2 Describe any two methods for studying genetic influences on abnormal behavior

Q.3 What is the relationship between an individual’s genotype and phenotype? Describe how genotype can shape and interact with the environment.
Q.4 Discuss the psychoanalytic and the newer psychodynamic perspective on abnormal psychology.

Q.5 What is the focus of behavioural perspective and what has been its impact?

Q.6 According to humanistic approaches, what are the possible reasons for development of maladaptive behaviour?

Q.7 Explain how the existential notions of angst and anxiety may contribute to psychopathology.

Q.8 Does early deprivation and abuse have a role to play in development of psychopathology? How?

Q.9 What are the sociocultural factors of abnormal behaviour? How do they contribute to the development if abnormal behaviour?

Q.10 Why is it necessary to pay attention to the role of sociocultural factors in mental disorders? Explain

Q.11 Describe the three types of feeding disorders.

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Q.12 Explain the causal factors and treatment of eating disorders.

Q.13 Explain the binge-and-purge cycle in bulimia patients.

Q.14 Describe some of the serious medical consequences of bulimia

Q.15 Explain the major types of eating disorders



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