IGNOU BSOC 102 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU BSOC 102 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU BSOC 102 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-BSOC 102 Sociology of India-I is a course offered by the Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) for its Bachelor of Arts

IGNOU BSOC 102 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

Course Structure:

  • Block 1: Understanding India: Major Discourses
  • Block 2: Interrogating Indian Society-I
  • Block 3: Interrogating Indian Society-II

Q.1 What are the three strands through which modern idea of nationalism emerged?

The modern concept of nationalism evolved from a convergence of three intertwined strands, each contributing unique elements to its formation. These strands, stemming from historical, cultural, and political contexts, interweaved to shape the diverse ideologies of nationalism observed in the modern era. By dissecting these strands and their interactions, we can unravel the intricate fabric of nationalist thought that has profoundly impacted societies globally.

Also Read-

IGNOU BSOC 102 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-One of the foundational strands in the emergence of modern nationalism is cultural or ethnic nationalism. This perspective emphasizes the significance of shared cultural heritage, language, history, and ethnicity as the bedrock of national identity. Cultural nationalists argue that a collective cultural identity fosters a sense of unity and belonging among members of a nation, often advocating for the preservation of cultural traditions and symbols. 

This strand gained momentum during the Romantic era of the late 18th and early 19th centuries, as intellectuals celebrated the uniqueness of their cultures in the wake of political upheavals like the French Revolution and Napoleonic Wars.

Also Read-

Another influential strand in the development of modern nationalism is political or civic nationalism. Unlike cultural nationalism, which prioritizes shared ethnicity and culture, political nationalism emphasizes common citizenship, civic values, and political institutions as the basis of national unity. Political nationalists assert that adherence to a common set of political principles, such as democracy and individual rights, defines a nation, transcending cultural boundaries. 

This strand traces its roots to the Enlightenment era, with thinkers like Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Immanuel Kant advocating for popular sovereignty and civic virtue. The American and French Revolutions further propelled political nationalism, emphasizing the importance of national sovereignty based on popular consent.

WhatsApp – 8130208920

IGNOU BSOC 102 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-A third critical strand in the evolution of modern nationalism is territorial or state nationalism. This perspective underscores the significance of territorial boundaries and state sovereignty in defining a nation. Territorial nationalists argue that a nation is delineated by distinct territorial borders under the jurisdiction of a sovereign government.

This strand has deep historical roots, dating back to the Peace of Westphalia in 1648, which established the principle of state sovereignty. The 19th century witnessed the consolidation of territorial nationalism, exemplified by movements for statehood and territorial unification, such as the Italian and German unification movements.

While these strands of nationalism may appear distinct, they often intersect and complement each other, shaping complex narratives of national identity. Many nationalist movements draw upon multiple strands, blending cultural heritage, political principles, and territorial aspirations to construct a multifaceted national identity. Furthermore, the interaction between these strands has evolved over time, influenced by historical events, social transformations, and ideological shifts.

Q.2 How did the trade union emerge in India? Discuss.

Q.3 How was Indian nationalism different according to Partha Chatterjee?

Q.4 What are the subaltern communities according to B R Ambedkar?

Q.5 What is the main theme of Ranajit Guha’s work on Subaltern perspective?

Q.6 Who were the major Indian scholars who studied Subaltern perspective?

Q.7 Distinguish between formal and informal economy in India

Q.8 List the four dominant schools of thought on the informal economy

Q.9 Discuss the condition of women labour in informal economy in India

Q.10 Who founded Buddhism and what were the conditions in which it originated?

WhatsApp – 8130208920


Q.11 What does Karl Mar C believe about the role of religion in society? Explain.

Q.12 Name in three lines, the six major types of joint family structures as shown by Kolenda.

Q.13 Discuss one of the major theories of ethnicity in your own words.

Q.14 What is ethnicity and what are its major characteristics?

Q.15 What do you understand by racism?



Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.