IGNOU BPSC 109 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU BPSC 109 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

BPSC 109 Political Processes and Institutions in Comparative Perspective. This course, offered by IGNOU for its BAPSH program.

IGNOU BPSC 109 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

Course Structure:

  • Block-1 Approaches to Studying Comparative Politics
  • Block-2 Representation and Political Participation
  • Block-3 State in Comparative Perspective
  • Block-4 Democratization
  • Block-5 Federalism and Decentralisation

Q.1 Critically examine political culture as an approach to study comparative politics.

Political culture stands as a pivotal concept within the realm of comparative politics, delving into the collective values, beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors that shape a society's political landscape. It provides a lens through which researchers can analyze the dynamics of political systems across different contexts. While lauded for its capacity to unveil societal dynamics, the political culture approach has also faced criticism for its potential oversimplification of complex political phenomena

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Exploring Political Culture

IGNOU BPSC 109 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Political culture encompasses the shared values, beliefs, and behaviors that influence a society's political life. It encapsulates citizens' perceptions of their political system, their roles within it, and their interactions with political institutions and actors. These manifestations can range from civic engagement and political participation to trust in government and attitudes towards democracy and authority.

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Strengths of the Political Culture Approach

A key strength of the political culture approach lies in its ability to unveil the long-term stability or instability of political systems. By delving into deeply ingrained societal values and beliefs, researchers gain insights into the resilience of political institutions and the likelihood of democratic consolidation or breakdown. For instance, in post-communist countries, studies on political culture have underscored the significance of civic values and trust in government in fostering successful democratic transitions.

IGNOU BPSC 109 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Moreover, this approach facilitates cross-contextual comparisons, enabling researchers to discern patterns and trends that transcend national borders. By identifying similarities and differences in political cultures, scholars can shed light on the universality or specificity of certain political phenomena.

Furthermore, political culture serves as a valuable explanatory tool for understanding political behavior and decision-making. Individuals' political attitudes and values shape their perceptions of policy issues, voting behavior, and interactions with political institutions, offering nuanced explanations for political outcomes.

Weaknesses and Criticisms

Despite its strengths, the political culture approach is not immune to criticism. One notable critique is its tendency to oversimplify complex political phenomena by reducing them to cultural factors. Political culture is dynamic and evolves over time in response to socio-economic and political shifts. Relying solely on cultural explanations may overlook other crucial factors such as institutional structures, economic interests, and historical legacies.

Furthermore, measuring political culture accurately presents a significant challenge. Attitudes and beliefs are often intangible and subject to interpretation, complicating efforts to capture the full complexity of a society's political culture through empirical research methods.

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IGNOU BPSC 109 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Additionally, there are concerns about the essentialization and stereotyping of societies based on their cultural characteristics. By emphasizing cultural differences, this approach may perpetuate ethnocentric biases and overlook the diversity of political experiences within and across countries.

Challenges and Future Directions

Moving forward, the political culture approach must address several challenges to enhance its efficacy in comparative politics. This includes fostering interdisciplinary collaboration to integrate insights from fields such as sociology, anthropology, and psychology. By adopting a more nuanced approach that considers the unique historical, social, and institutional contexts of each society, researchers can deepen their understanding of political culture.

Furthermore, advancements in technology offer new opportunities for studying political culture on a larger scale. Techniques such as big data analysis and computational modeling can provide real-time insights into the dynamics of political culture, enabling researchers to track changes and trends over time more effectively.

Q.2 Examine the factors contributing to the centrality of state in a post-colonial society.

Q.3 Briefly describe the defining characteristics of a federation.

Q.4 Examine the factors affecting political parties in a political system.

Q.5 Discuss the evolutionary and functionalist theories of modernization.

Q.6 Briefly describe the different types of proportional representation methods.

Q.7 Discuss dependency theory and its critique of political development.

Q.8 Critically examine the role of pressure groups in democratic politics.

Q.9 The functions of political parties are not limited to electoral politics.’’ Explain

Q.10 Describe Almond and Coleman’s classification of pressure groups.        

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Q.11 Examine the factors and processes contributing to the rise of Liberal Democratic State in Western Europe.

Q.12 Discuss the mechanisms and challenges to pluralism.

Q.13 Identify reasons for the chequered democratic process in post-colonial countries.

Q.14 Examine the challenges confronting political parties in contemporary times.

Q.15 What is sovereignty ? How did it differentiate the modern nation-state from other political entities ?




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