IGNOU BPSC 110 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU BPSC 110 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU BPSC 110 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-BPSC 110 Global Politics. This is a course offered by the Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) for Bachelor of Arts (Honours) Political Science (BAPSH) programme.

IGNOU BPSC 110 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

Course Structure:

  • Block-1 Globalization: Conceptions and Perspectives
  • Block-2 Contemporary Global Issues
  • Block-3 Global Shifts: Power and Governance

Q.1 Critically examine the nature of State in the era of globalization

In the epoch of globalization, the state undergoes a profound metamorphosis, confronting a myriad of both advantageous and daunting alterations. Globalization, typified by escalating interconnectedness and interdependence among nations, instigates a reconfiguration of the conventional roles and functions of states, impinging upon their sovereignty, governance frameworks, and policymaking dynamics. This essay critically scrutinizes the evolving nature of the state within the panorama of globalization, delving into its repercussions on state authority, governance paradigms, and sovereignty.

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IGNOU BPSC 110 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-At the core of this transformation lies the erosion of state sovereignty. The traditional tenets of state sovereignty, underscored by absolute authority within territorial confines, confront formidable challenges as global economic, political, and social forces transcend national borders. Multinational corporations, transnational networks, and international institutions exert palpable influence on state affairs, thereby curtailing the autonomy of individual states. 

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The emergence of global governance mechanisms, such as trade agreements and international organizations, further attenuates state sovereignty by subjecting states to supranational regulations and accords. Consequently, states find themselves entangled in a labyrinthine nexus of domestic imperatives and international exigencies, necessitating a delicate equilibrium between sovereign prerogatives and global interdependencies.

Moreover, globalization amplifies the asymmetry of power between states, tipping the scales in favor of economically affluent nations while exacerbating intra- and inter-state inequalities. Developed countries wield disproportionate sway in shaping global economic policies, leveraging their technological prowess and financial clout to sustain hegemony. 

This power asymmetry not only undermines the sovereignty of weaker states but also perpetuates disparities in wealth, development, and resource access. Consequently, states grapple with the challenge of pursuing autonomous policy agendas amid the hegemony of global economic elites, thereby exacerbating socio-economic fault lines and impeding inclusive progress.

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In the sphere of governance, globalization necessitates a paradigm shift in the state's role vis-à-vis transnational challenges and public welfare. Conventional state-centric governance models prove inadequate in tackling issues such as climate change, pandemics, and cyber threats, which transcend national boundaries and mandate collective action. Consequently, states are compelled to engage in multilateral cooperation and institutional partnerships to efficaciously address these global exigencies. However, the efficacy of global governance mechanisms is often stymied by power dynamics, conflicting interests, and institutional frailties, leading to lacunae in confronting pressing global imperatives.

IGNOU BPSC 110 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Furthermore, globalization reshapes the dynamics of state-society relations, engendering novel forms of political engagement, identity formation, and social mobilization. Technological advancements, particularly in communication and media, facilitate the proliferation of transnational networks and the dissemination of alternative discourses, challenging state-controlled narratives and catalyzing grassroots movements. Civil society organizations, advocacy groups, and social movements increasingly transcend national boundaries, exerting influence on global discourses pertaining to human rights, democracy, and social equity. Consequently, states are impelled to accommodate diverse societal demands and engage in dialogue with non-state actors to fortify legitimacy and foster social cohesion.

IGNOU BPSC 110 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Nonetheless, the burgeoning interconnectedness and interdependence wrought by globalization expose states to novel vulnerabilities and perils. The swift circulation of goods, capital, and information heightens the risk of contagion effects, as evidenced by global financial crises and pandemics. States grapple with the reverberations of crises originating beyond their borders, necessitating coordinated responses and risk mitigation strategies. Moreover, the proliferation of transnational threats, ranging from terrorism to cyber warfare, undermines conventional paradigms of state security, necessitating enhanced cooperation and intelligence-sharing among states.

Q.2 What is Globalisation ? Explain the importance of digital globalisation.

Q.3 How is classical liberalism related with the new economic world order ? Explain.

Q.4 Explain the negative and positive impact of globalisation on culture.

Q.5 Explain the reasons of insurgency in North-East India

Q.6 What is Paris Climate Agreement ? Explain its major features.

Q.7 Define the concept of economic development. Is it true that economic development led to environmental degradation ?

Q.8 Discuss the causes of insurgency in the NorthEastern States of India.

Q.9 What is NPT ? Why did India decline to sign NPT ?

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Q.10 Explain the aspects of changing global power distribution and rising capabilities of the emerging economies.

Q.11 What do you mean by Weapons of Mass Destruction ? Explain the biological and chemical weapons as WMDs.

Q.12 What are TNCs ? Examine their role in the global economy.

Q.13 Explain the organizational structure and working of the World Bank

Q.14 What efforts have been made by the UN towards conservation of environment ?

Q.15 Explain the concept of human security. How does it differ from traditional security ?




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