IGNOU BPSC 107 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU BPSC 107 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

BPSC 107 Perspectives on International Relations and World History, a course offered by Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) for its Bachelor of Arts (Honours) Political Science (BAPSH) program. This course provides a comprehensive understanding of the historical context and theoretical perspectives that shape contemporary international relations.

IGNOU BPSC 107 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

Course Structure:

  • Block-1 Studying International Relations
  • Block-2 Historical Perspectives
  • Block-3 Theoretical Perspectives
  • Block-4 Contemporary International Relations

Q.1 Analyse the state of affairs which led to the First World War.

The genesis of the First World War in 1914 stemmed from a multifaceted amalgamation of political, economic, social, and military circumstances that had been simmering across Europe and beyond for decades. A thorough analysis of the state of affairs preceding this catastrophic conflict reveals the intricate interplay of several key factors, including the intricate system of alliances, the fervor of imperialism, the surge of nationalism, the prevalence of militarism, and the pivotal assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary.

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IGNOU BPSC 107 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Firstly, the intricate network of alliances that had evolved in Europe by the early 20th century created a precarious equilibrium of power while simultaneously exacerbating tensions. The formation of the Triple Entente (comprising France, Russia, and the United Kingdom) and the Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy) meant that any conflict involving one nation could swiftly entangle others due to mutual defense pacts. This intricate web of alliances fostered a climate of suspicion and insecurity among major powers, leaving the continent vulnerable to escalation with even the slightest provocation.

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Secondly, the era of imperialism intensified the competition among European powers for global supremacy and territorial expansion. The scramble for colonies in Africa, Asia, and other regions fueled rivalries and resentment as nations vied for dominance and access to valuable resources. Imperial ambitions heightened tensions between European powers, particularly between Germany and Britain, leading to naval arms races and diplomatic standoffs as each sought to safeguard or expand its colonial holdings.

IGNOU BPSC 107 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Thirdly, the surge of nationalism across Europe added another layer of volatility to the continent in the lead-up to the First World War. Nationalist movements aimed to unite ethnic groups and assert their right to self-determination, challenging the existing political order and stoking ethnic tensions within multinational empires like Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire. Nationalist fervor fueled militarism and expansionist aspirations, as governments sought to harness patriotic sentiments to bolster their domestic and international prestige.

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IGNOU BPSC 107 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Fourthly, militarism had become deeply entrenched in the fabric of European society by the early 20th century. Extensive investments in military infrastructure, technology, and personnel fueled an arms race among the major powers, intensifying competition and preparing for the eventuality of conflict. Military leaders advocated doctrines of offensive warfare and preemptive strikes, fostering an atmosphere of aggression and increasing the likelihood of war.

Lastly, the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary and his wife Sophie in Sarajevo on June 28, 1914, served as the immediate trigger for the outbreak of war. The assassination, orchestrated by Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian Serb nationalist seeking independence from Austro-Hungarian rule, ignited a series of diplomatic crises and ultimatums between Austria-Hungary and Serbia. The intricate system of alliances ensured that when Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, it drew in other powers, leading to a cascade of declarations of war and the mobilization of millions of troops across Europe.

Q.2 Discuss the importance of Bolshevik Revolution and its impact on International Relations.

Q.3 Describe the main features of Fascism and Nazism.

Q.4 Describe the differences between Classical Realism and Neo-Realism.

Q.5 Discuss the Feminist understanding of war, security and economy.

Q.6 Identify the significant characteristics of the Neo-liberal approach to the study of International Relations

Q.7 Analyse the contribution of the Bolshevik Revolution to International Communist Movements

Q.8 Explain the causes for the outbreak of World War II and its consequences

Q.9 Describe the main features of Fascism and Nazism

Q.10 Explain the differences between the Totalitarian and Military dictatorships.

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Q.11 Discuss the Marxist approach to International Relations.

Q.12 Analyse the consequences of the Cold War on World Politics.

Q.13 Discuss the evolution of International relations after the Second World War.

Q.14 Explain the differences between Totalitarian and Military regimes

Q.15 Discuss the arguments for the reforms of the United Nations




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