IGNOU BPSC 105 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU BPSC 105 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

BPSC 105 Introduction to Comparative Government and Politics, a course offered by Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) for its Bachelor of Arts (Honours) Political Science (BAPSH) program. This course introduces you to the diverse range of government and political systems across the globe, equipping you with tools to analyze and compare them effectively.

IGNOU BPSC 105 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

Course Structure:

  • Block-1 Understanding Comparative Politics
  • Block-2 Context of Modern Government
  • Block-3 Themes for Comparative Analysis

Q.1 Explain the concept of socialism and different

variants of socialism.

Socialism, a socio-economic and political ideology, champions collective ownership and democratic management of resources, aiming to alleviate disparities and prioritize communal welfare over individual profit. Rooted in critiques of capitalism's inequities and exploitation, socialism has evolved into various interpretations and implementations, leading to diverse schools of thought.

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IGNOU BPSC 105 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Central to socialism is the concept of collective ownership, advocating that crucial industries, resources, and infrastructure should be managed collectively by the populace, rather than controlled by private entities. This collective ownership can manifest as state ownership, where the government oversees resources on behalf of the people, or worker ownership, empowering employees to control the enterprises they operate within.

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Democratic control is another core principle, emphasizing participatory decision-making and accountability in economic and political affairs. In socialist societies, key decisions about production, investment, and resource allocation are made democratically, incorporating input from workers, consumers, and affected communities. This democratic approach seeks to distribute economic power more equitably and consider the diverse needs of society.

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Moreover, socialism prioritizes social welfare, advocating for universal access to essential goods and services such as healthcare, education, and housing, irrespective of financial status. Socialists argue that guaranteeing these basic necessities fosters equality, cohesion, and individual well-being.

IGNOU BPSC 105 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Various variants of socialism have emerged, each offering distinct paths towards achieving socialist objectives and addressing capitalist shortcomings. Marxist socialism, rooted in the ideas of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, seeks the abolition of private property and class distinctions, envisioning a classless society where workers control the means of production. Democratic socialism blends socialist ideals with democratic governance, pursuing reforms within existing systems to enhance social welfare and worker rights. Social democracy, another variant, advocates for a mixed economy with regulated markets and welfare programs, without entirely dismantling capitalism.

IGNOU BPSC 105 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Libertarian socialism, or anarchism, promotes individual liberty and voluntary cooperation, advocating for decentralized, self-managed communities organized around principles of mutual aid. Utopian socialism imagines idealized communities based on socialist principles, while market socialism integrates socialist principles with market mechanisms to distribute resources. Eco-socialism emphasizes environmental sustainability, merging socialist ideals with ecological preservation.

In essence, socialism presents a vision of a more equitable and democratic society, challenging the inequalities inherent in capitalism. Through collective ownership, democratic control, and a focus on social welfare, socialism offers an alternative to the current economic order, striving for a world where wealth and power are shared equitably, and the needs of all members of society are met. The diverse array of socialist variants reflects the complexity and richness of socialist thought, providing different strategies and approaches to realizing these shared goals.

Q.2 Analyse the contemporary challenges to parliamentary sovereignty and discuss its limitations.

Q.3 Explain the purpose and significances of the comparative study of Politics.

Q.4 Explain the characteristics of institutional approach to the study of Comparative politics.

Q.5 Define a system and explain the characteristics of the system approach.

Q.6 Explain the idea and interrelationship between liberal democracy and capitalism.

Q.7 Elaborate upon the structure and guiding ideology of the Communist Party of China.

Q.8 Explain how Federalism acts as a significant theme for comparative analysis.

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Q.9 Describe the various attributes of political economy approach to the study of comparative politics

Q.10 Explain the functions and role of the Communist Party in China’s political system

Q.11 Give a brief account of dependency and underdevelopment in Latin America.

Q.12 Explain the significance of comparative method.

Q.13 Critically evaluate the systems theory.

Q.14 Analyse the nature of the relationship between the Executive and the Legislature in the U. K. Parliamentary System.

Q.15 Describe the structure of Nigerian Federalism and its functioning.




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