IGNOU BPSC 104 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU BPSC 104 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU BPSC 104 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-BPSC 104 Political Process in India. It's another course offered by Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) for its Bachelor of Arts (Honours) Political Science (BAPSH) program.

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Course Structure:

  • Block-1 Political Parties, and Party System
  • Block-2 Determinants of Voting Behaviour
  • Block-3 Regional Aspirations and Movements
  • Block-4 Religion and Politics
  • Block-5 Caste and Politics
  • Block-6 Affirmative Action

Q.1 Analyse the roles of caste and gender as determinants of voting behaviour.

The influences of caste and gender on voting behavior are profound and multifaceted, reflecting intricate social, cultural, and political dynamics within societies. Caste, prevalent in regions like South Asia, and gender, as a social construct, hold significant sway over individuals' voting preferences and decisions. Delving into historical contexts, socio-economic factors, and evolving political landscapes illuminates the roles these factors play in shaping electoral outcomes.

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IGNOU BPSC 104 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Caste's impact on voting behavior emanates from its deep-rooted influence on social identity, economic standing, and political power structures. Historically, caste has dictated social hierarchies, resource access, and community relationships, thus shaping political affiliations. In regions like India, where caste identities are inherited and entrenched in societal norms, individuals often align their voting choices with caste considerations, supporting candidates or parties perceived to champion caste interests.

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Furthermore, caste-based political mobilization, wherein parties target specific caste groups to secure electoral support, reinforces this connection between caste and voting behavior. Parties may field candidates from dominant castes or promise policies catering to certain caste groups, effectively consolidating caste-based voting blocs. However, it's crucial to note that while caste influences voting patterns, other factors such as ideology, governance performance, and candidate credibility also significantly impact electoral outcomes.

IGNOU BPSC 104 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Gender, as another determinant of voting behavior, operates differently yet substantially. Historically, women have encountered systemic barriers to political participation, including limited education access and societal norms favoring male leadership. Despite these challenges, women's political involvement has been steadily rising, both as voters and candidates. Women voters, constituting a significant portion of the electorate, often prioritize issues like healthcare and education, reflecting their roles as caregivers and community pillars.

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Moreover, gender gaps in voting behavior are apparent, with women often exhibiting distinct priorities and preferences compared to men. Research suggests that women prioritize social welfare, healthcare, and education policies, mirroring their experiences of socio-economic marginalization and caregiving roles. Additionally, women tend to display higher levels of political engagement and turnout, underscoring the need for gender-sensitive approaches in political campaigns and policy-making.

IGNOU BPSC 104 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-The intersectionality of gender with other social identities, such as caste and class, further complicates its role in voting behavior. Women from marginalized backgrounds may face compounded obstacles to political participation due to intersecting forms of discrimination. Recognizing these intersectional dynamics is crucial for addressing inequalities in political representation and fostering inclusive democracy.

Q.2 What is insurgency ? Discuss the causes of its emergence in India.

Q.3 Discuss the features of autonomy movement with an example.

Q.4 Analyse the features of caste-based organisations.

Q.5 Evaluate the characteristics of caste-based violence.

Q.6 Discuss reservation for women and Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) as an affirmative action.

Q.7 Discuss the evolution of party system in India

Q.8 Define autonomy movements. Discuss their features with examples.

Q.9 What is the debate surrounding secularism in India ?

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Q.10 What are the recommendations of the Kaka Kalelkar Report and the Mandal Commission ?

Q.11 Discuss the significance of political parties in Indian democracy.

Q.12 Discuss the interrelationship between the affirmative action and development.

Q.13 Analyse the role of gender and tribal identities in electoral politics.

Q.14 Discuss the meaning and features of autonomy movements

Q.15 Discuss the nature of the statehood movements in the Hindi belt




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