IGNOU BPSC 103 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU BPSC 103 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

BPSC 103 Political Theory – Concepts and Debates. This is a course offered by Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) for its Bachelor of Arts (Honours) Political Science (BAPSH) program.

IGNOU BPSC 103 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

Course Structure:

  • Block-1 Liberty
  • Block-2 Equality
  • Block-3 Justice
  • Block-4 Rights
  • Block-5 Major Debates

Q.1 Explain the meaning and concept of Secularism.

Secularism embodies the principle of maintaining a clear distinction between religion and the state, safeguarding individual freedoms of belief while ensuring impartiality in governance. This multifaceted concept has evolved over time, shaped by historical, cultural, and philosophical influences, and it continues to shape the social, political, and legal landscapes across nations worldwide.

IGNOU BPSC 103 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Central to secularism is the notion of religious freedom, affirming the right of individuals to practice their faith or abstain from religious activities without fear of discrimination or persecution. This principle extends beyond worship to encompass the freedom to express beliefs, change religions, and propagate them without state interference. By upholding religious freedom, secularism promotes an environment where individuals can coexist harmoniously regardless of their religious affiliations or lack thereof.

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Another key aspect of secularism involves the separation of religious institutions from governmental affairs. This separation aims to prevent religious bodies from wielding undue influence over political decisions or infringing upon individual liberties. By establishing this divide, secularism strives to create a level playing field where all citizens, irrespective of their religious backgrounds, can participate equally in public life.

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Secularism manifests differently across various societies, influenced by unique historical, cultural, and political contexts. Some nations enshrine secularism within their legal frameworks, explicitly delineating the separation of religion and state and safeguarding religious freedoms. In contrast, others may uphold secular principles informally through democratic institutions and societal norms of tolerance and pluralism.

IGNOU BPSC 103 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Nevertheless, secularism is not devoid of criticism or controversy. Critics argue that it may marginalize religious beliefs and practices, particularly in societies where religion holds significant cultural sway. Additionally, concerns arise regarding the potential misuse of secularism to suppress religious freedoms or discriminate against religious minorities, highlighting the challenges in its interpretation and implementation.

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Moreover, the rise of religious extremism poses new challenges to secularism, prompting some governments to adopt authoritarian measures under the guise of combating extremism. This has led to accusations of hypocrisy, as certain secular states may compromise their professed principles in their efforts to counter religious radicalism.

IGNOU BPSC 103 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Despite these challenges, secularism remains integral to promoting religious freedom, pluralism, and democracy. By maintaining state neutrality in matters of religion and ensuring equality for all beliefs, secularism fosters inclusivity and tolerance within society. Achieving this vision, however, requires ongoing dialogue and vigilance to protect religious freedoms and uphold individual rights in an increasingly diverse global landscape.Top of Form

Q.2 Enumerate and describe the features of Civil Disobedience.

Q.3 Write a note on human trafficking.

Q.4 Discuss J. S. Mill’s notion of liberty.

Q.5 Examine the views of Marx on Alienation

Q.6 Elaborate the liberal justification of inequality.

Q.7 Write a note on equality and the Indian Constitution.

Q.8 Examine the theories of political obligation.

Q.9 Write a note on economic rights.

Q.10 Describe the relationship between Equality and Liberty

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Q.11 What is meant by Liberty ? Distinguish between negative and positive liberty.

Q.12 What do you understand by Distributive Justice ? Why is it important for society ?

Q.13 . Write a note on demand for economic justice in the context of globalization

Q.14 Describe in brief three main types of Human Rights

Q.15 Examine the Contract (Consent) theory of Political Obligation.


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