IGNOU BPSC 101 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU BPSC 101 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU BPSC 101 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-BPSC 101 Understanding Political Theory is a course offered by the Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) that introduces students to the fundamental concepts and ideas of political theory.

IGNOU BPSC 101 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

Course Structure:

  • Block-1 Introducing Political Theory
  • Block-2 Approaches to Political Theory
  • Block-3 The Grammar of Democracy

Q.1 What is active and passive participation in democracy ? Explain.

Active and passive participation in democracy delineate contrasting modes of citizen engagement within democratic societies, reflecting varying degrees of involvement, commitment, and agency in political processes. Active participation epitomizes proactive citizen engagement, involving direct involvement in civic activities aimed at shaping government decisions, influencing public policies, and fostering societal change. Conversely, passive participation signifies a more restrained or indirect form of engagement, characterized by minimal involvement or disengagement from formal political processes and institutions.

IGNOU BPSC 101 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Active participation embodies the core tenets of civic responsibility, political efficacy, and democratic citizenship, urging individuals to take an assertive role in shaping the collective destiny of their communities and nation. This form of engagement manifests through a diverse array of activities, including voting in elections, joining political parties, attending public gatherings and protests, volunteering for political campaigns, and advocating for specific causes or policy reforms. Through such proactive engagement, citizens assert their rights, voice their concerns, and contribute to the dynamism and responsiveness of democratic governance.

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In contrast, passive participation reflects a more subdued or disengaged approach to political involvement, often stemming from factors such as disinterest, disillusionment, or skepticism towards the political system. Passive participants may exhibit a lack of motivation or confidence in their ability to effect change through formal political channels, leading them to abstain from voting, refrain from political activism, and avoid active engagement in civic affairs. While passive participants may still hold political opinions and exercise their right to free speech, they are less inclined to actively seek out opportunities to influence government decisions or participate in collective action.

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IGNOU BPSC 101 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-It is crucial to recognize that the distinction between active and passive participation is not absolute but exists along a continuum, with individuals demonstrating varying degrees of engagement depending on their circumstances and preferences. Moreover, both forms of participation can coexist within democratic societies, and individuals may transition between active and passive modes of engagement over time in response to changing political contexts or personal experiences.

Active participation in democracy yields numerous benefits, including enhanced political efficacy, social cohesion, and democratic accountability. By actively engaging in political processes and civic activities, citizens can make their voices heard, hold elected officials accountable, and contribute to the formulation and implementation of policies that reflect the interests and values of the broader populace. Active participation also fosters a sense of civic identity, belonging, and empowerment, strengthening the social fabric and resilience of democratic societies.

IGNOU BPSC 101 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-In contrast, passive participation in democracy can present challenges to the legitimacy and effectiveness of democratic governance, as it may lead to low voter turnout, political disengagement, and limited public participation in decision-making processes. When significant portions of the population remain disengaged from formal political activities, it can undermine the representativeness and responsiveness of elected officials, exacerbate political polarization, and weaken the accountability mechanisms within democratic institutions.

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Nevertheless, it is essential to recognize that passive participation in democracy is not necessarily indicative of political apathy or indifference. Individuals may choose to abstain from formal political activities for various reasons, including disillusionment with mainstream politics, skepticism towards electoral processes, or a preference for alternative forms of civic engagement and social activism. Passive participants may still contribute to the democratic process through informal channels such as community organizing, grassroots movements, or direct action, thereby exerting influence and catalyzing social change outside of traditional political institutions.

Q.2 Examine the views of Laclou and Mouffe in


Q.3 Discuss the empirical approach to political


Q.4 Discuss the normative approach to political theory

Q.5 Write a note on Neo-Liberalism.

Q.6 What is the Radical theory of representation ? Explain.

Q.7 Discuss the procedural and substantive dimensions of democracy

Q.8 Write a note on factors impacting political participation.

Q.9 Examine Edmund Burke as a conservative thinker

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Q.10 Explain in the differences between Liberalism Neo-Liberalism.

Q.11 Discuss the theories of representation in a democracy

Q.12 Examine the inter-relationship between democracy and public opinion.

Q.13 Discuss the normative and empirical approaches to study of political theory

Q.14 What do you understand by politics ? Explain.


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