IGNOU BPAC 105 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU BPAC 105 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

BPAC 105 is a core course for students pursuing the Bachelor of Arts (Honours) in Public Administration (BAPAH) degree at Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU). It dives deep into the crucial aspects of managing human resources in the public sector, equipping students with a comprehensive understanding of personnel administration principles and practices.

IGNOU BPAC 105 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

Course Structure:

  • Block-1 Personnel Administration
  • Block-2 Civil Services in India
  • Block-3 Personnel Management Policy and Practices
  • Block-4 Employer-employee relations

Q.1 Explain the meaning of bureaucracy and examine the reasons for its growing importance.
Bureaucracy, as a system of organization and governance, embodies hierarchical structures, standardized procedures, specialized roles, and a clear division of labor. It operates on the premise of decision-making guided by established rules rather than personal discretion, often associated with larger entities such as government agencies, corporations, and non-profit organizations. While the term "bureaucracy" often carries negative connotations of red tape and inefficiency, its core functions are essential for effective operation within organizations and governments.

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    IGNOU BPAC 105 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-At the heart of bureaucracy lies the division of labor, where tasks and responsibilities are allocated among specialized roles to enhance productivity and efficiency. Standardization forms another crucial aspect, ensuring consistency and fairness in decision-making through established rules and regulations. Hierarchical structures provide a framework for supervision and coordination, managing complexities within organizations effectively. Bureaucratic systems prioritize impersonal, rule-based interactions, promoting transparency and fairness by mitigating subjective biases.

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    Specialization and expertise are valued in bureaucracies, as individuals with specialized knowledge contribute to efficient task performance. Despite criticisms, the importance of bureaucracy has grown due to various factors shaping modern society:

    Firstly, in the face of increasing scale and complexity, bureaucracies provide a structured approach to manage organizations and governments effectively. They facilitate coordination and decision-making amidst complexity, aiding in achieving organizational objectives.

    Secondly, bureaucracies play a pivotal role in enforcing regulations and standards, ensuring compliance and safeguarding public interests. This is particularly crucial in regulated sectors where adherence to legal and regulatory frameworks is essential.

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    IGNOU BPAC 105 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Thirdly, bureaucracies are integral to public service delivery, managing essential services such as healthcare, education, and transportation. They ensure the efficient provision of these services, maintaining infrastructure and addressing public needs.

    Moreover, in an era of globalization, bureaucracies are instrumental in managing international relations, facilitating cooperation, and addressing transnational challenges. They coordinate global initiatives and negotiations, contributing to global governance.

    IGNOU BPAC 105 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Additionally, technological advancements have transformed bureaucratic processes, enhancing efficiency, transparency, and accountability. Digital platforms, data analytics, and artificial intelligence optimize operations, improving decision-making and service delivery.

    Q.2 Write a note on various steps involved in the process of recruitment.

    Q.3 Describe the methods of testing merit for promotion.        

    Q.4 Explain the concept and techniques of performance management.

    Q.5 ‘‘The civil services perform various types of roles in policy-making and execution.’’ Commen

    Q.6 Explain the concept of performance management and distinguish it from performance appraisal.

    Q.7 Examine the role of civil services in policymaking and execution with special reference to their role of commitment.

    Q.8 There are different methods of recruitment followed in different countries of the world.’’ Elaborate.

    Q.9 Discuss the nature and scope of personnel administration.

    Q.10 Explain the significance and types of training conducted by the Central and State Training Institutions in India.

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    Q.11 “To achieve a proactive, responsive, accountable, sustainable and efficient administration significant measures have been undertaken by the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions.” Comment

    Q.12 What are the new trends in performance management ?

    Q.13 Explain the meaning, importance and types of recruitment.

    Q.14 Analyse the relationship between Secretariat and Executive Departments.

    Q.15 Discuss important forms of judicial control over administration.





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