IGNOU BANS 184 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU BANS 184 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

BANS 184 Public Health and Epidemiology is a course offered by Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) as part of its various programs, including the Bachelor of Arts (General and Honours) and Ability Enhancement Course.

IGNOU BANS 184 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

Course Structure:

  • Block-1 Essentials in Epidemiology and Public Health
  • Block-2 Psychological, Behavioural, and Social Issues in Public Health and Management
  • Block-3 Research and Statistical Methods in Public Health

Q.1 Define public health. Briefly discuss its origin and development.

Public health is the holistic approach to safeguarding and enhancing the well-being of entire populations through systematic efforts, informed decision-making, and collective actions. It encompasses a broad spectrum of endeavors aimed at preventing diseases, extending lifespans, and fostering physical and mental health among communities and societies.

IGNOU BANS 184 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-The roots of public health can be traced back to antiquity, where ancient civilizations recognized the significance of factors like sanitation, clean water, and preventative measures in maintaining communal health. Notable figures such as Hippocrates in ancient Greece emphasized the importance of environmental conditions, diet, and lifestyle choices in promoting health. Similarly, the Romans implemented sophisticated public sanitation systems, including aqueducts and sewage networks, to combat disease transmission.

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However, it was during the Industrial Revolution of the 18th and 19th centuries that the concept of public health began to take shape in its modern form. As rapid urbanization and industrialization led to overcrowded cities, substandard living conditions, and rampant disease outbreaks, governments and public health advocates increasingly recognized the need for organized efforts to address these pressing health challenges.

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IGNOU BANS 184 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-A significant milestone in the evolution of public health was the emergence of epidemiology as a distinct scientific discipline. In the 19th century, pioneers like John Snow conducted groundbreaking studies on disease patterns, causation, and transmission. Snow's investigation of the 1854 cholera outbreak in London, which identified contaminated water sources as the root cause, epitomized the transformative potential of epidemiological research in guiding public health interventions.

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The 20th century witnessed remarkable strides in public health, propelled by groundbreaking discoveries, technological innovations, and the establishment of robust public health infrastructure. Breakthroughs in medical science, including the development of vaccines, antibiotics, and other treatments, led to significant declines in infectious diseases such as smallpox, polio, and tuberculosis. Moreover, the establishment of global health organizations like the World Health Organization (WHO) and national agencies such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States played pivotal roles in coordinating international efforts, setting standards, and disseminating best practices in public health.

In recent decades, the field of public health has continued to evolve in response to emerging health threats, demographic shifts, and advancements in technology. Globalization has facilitated the rapid spread of infectious diseases across borders, necessitating enhanced international cooperation, surveillance, and preparedness. High-profile outbreaks like HIV/AIDS, SARS, and Ebola have underscored the imperative of swift responses, robust surveillance systems, and effective containment strategies in combating infectious diseases.

IGNOU BANS 184 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Simultaneously, non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as cardiovascular ailments, cancer, and diabetes have emerged as leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, prompting a paradigm shift towards preventive measures and health promotion initiatives. Public health efforts now encompass multifaceted strategies targeting the social determinants of health, including poverty, inequality, education, and environmental degradation.

Q.2 Briefly comment on various health care services in India.

Q.3 What is Epidemiology ? Briefly discuss various types of descriptive studies.

Q.4 Discuss the impact of globalisation on human health.

Q.5 Define environmental health. Briefly discuss the effects of biological, chemical and physical agents in air on human health.

Q.6 Briefly discuss national health programs in India.

Q.7 Briefly discuss the role of NGO’s in health sector of India

Q.8 Discuss the importance of public health in the management of COVID–19.

Q.9 Briefly discuss the effect of biological, chemical and physical agents in water on human health.

Q.10 Give an account of origin and development of public health

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Q.11 Briefly discuss the core disciplines of public health

Q.12 Briefly discuss the effect of biological, chemical and physical agents in air on human health

Q.13 Briefly discuss the role of Government of India in preservation and promotion of public health

Q.14 Briefly comment on the role of public health sector in India.

Q.15 Define environmental health. What are the effects of biological, chemical and physical agents in water on human health ? Discuss.


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