IGNOU EPS 011 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU EPS 011 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

EPS 11 Political Ideas and Ideologies is a course that explores the major political ideologies that have shaped human history. It examines the core values, beliefs, and principles of these ideologies, as well as their historical context and impact on contemporary political systems.

IGNOU EPS 011 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

Course Structure:

  • Block-1 What is Political Theory and Why do We Need It?
  • Block-2 Political Traditions
  • Block-3 Understanding the State
  • Block-4 Power, Authority and Legitimacy
  • Block-5 Rights, Equality, Liberty and Revolution
  • Block-6 Democracy
  • Block-7 Political Ideologies
  • Block-8 Contemporary Issues

Q.1 Discuss the new science of politics with reference to the views of Eric Voegelin and Christian Bay.

IGNOU EPS 011 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-The concept of the "new science of politics" has been explored and developed by two significant political theorists, Eric Voegelin and Christian Bay. This notion pertains to an interdisciplinary approach to studying political phenomena, integrating insights from various fields such as philosophy, history, sociology, psychology, and anthropology. Voegelin and Bay offer distinct perspectives on the nature, scope, and methodological foundations of this new science, emphasizing its relevance for understanding the intricacies of modern political dynamics.

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Eric Voegelin, a renowned philosopher and political theorist, introduced the concept of the new science of politics in his seminal work "The New Science of Politics" (1952). Voegelin challenged conventional approaches to political science, which often sought to establish positivist methodologies akin to the natural sciences. He argued that such methods were inadequate for comprehending the complexities of human existence and the dynamics of political order. Instead, Voegelin advocated for a holistic and existential approach to political inquiry, one that acknowledged the spiritual, metaphysical, and existential dimensions of human experience. He emphasized the importance of studying political phenomena within the broader context of the human quest for meaning, purpose, and transcendence. Drawing from philosophy, religion, literature, and psychology, Voegelin aimed to illuminate the underlying spiritual and existential dimensions of political life.

IGNOU EPS 011 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Voegelin's concept of the new science of politics challenged the prevailing positivist and reductionist tendencies in political science. He argued for a more integrative and multidisciplinary approach that recognized the complexity and richness of human experience. Voegelin contended that political order could not be reduced to purely material or instrumental factors but was intimately connected to deeper questions of meaning, value, and purpose. By exploring the symbolic, mythic, and existential dimensions of political phenomena, Voegelin sought to uncover the underlying structures of consciousness and the existential motivations shaping human behavior and political institutions.

Christian Bay, a Danish political scientist, further developed the concept of the new science of politics in his influential work "The New Science of Politics: An Introduction" (1963). Building upon Voegelin's insights, Bay argued for the transcending of narrow disciplinary boundaries in political inquiry. He emphasized the incorporation of insights from diverse fields such as history, sociology, psychology, and anthropology. Bay underscored the importance of interdisciplinary collaboration and dialogue in advancing our understanding of political phenomena. He recognized that complex social and political realities could not be adequately captured by any single discipline or methodological approach.

IGNOU EPS 011 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Bay advocated for an integrative and multidimensional approach to political inquiry, incorporating both empirical analysis and philosophical reflection. He stressed the importance of understanding the normative implications and ethical dimensions of political phenomena, engaging in critical reflection on the values, assumptions, and beliefs underlying political inquiry. Additionally, Bay highlighted the significance of historical context and cultural specificity in understanding political phenomena. He rejected universalistic and ahistorical approaches, emphasizing the need to account for the diversity and complexity of human societies.

Q.2 Compare and contrast the liberal political tradition with the Marxist.

Q.3 What do you understand by Political Theory ? Describe various trends in its evolution.

Q.4 How does the idea of revolution cover the political, social, economic and cultural dimensions of human life ?

Q.5 Describe the meaning of Affirmative Action. How has this process evolved in the United States of America ?

Q.6 What are the salient features of a socialist democracy ? Explain.

Q.7 Examine the concept of "Sovereignty of the People".

Q.8 Describe the merits and demerits of Direct Democracy.

Q.9 Describe the contribution of Buddhist thought to Indian political traditions.

Q.10 Compare the Liberal and the Marxist political traditions.

Q.11 Discuss the relationship between Equality and Liberty.

Q.12 Examine general explanations and features of Fascism.

Q.13 Explain the relationship between authority and legitimacy.

Q.14 Why is it assumed that globalization tends to divide the world into two camps ?

Q. 15 What are the major limitations of individualism according to communitarians ?


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