IGNOU BSOC 103 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU BSOC 103 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU BSOC 103 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-BSOC 103 Introduction to Sociology II is a course offered by the Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) for its Bachelor of Arts in Sociology program.

IGNOU BSOC 103 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

Course Structure:

  • Block-1 Perspectives in Sociology-I
  • Block-2 Perspectives in Sociology-II
  • Block-3 Perspectives in Sociology-III
  • Block-4 Differences and Debates

Q.1 From whose works have the basic premises of symbolic interaction developed? Discuss.

The foundational principles of symbolic interactionism have evolved from the seminal works of several influential sociologists, most notably George Herbert Mead, Charles Horton Cooley, and Herbert Blumer. Symbolic interactionism, a sociological perspective, delves into how individuals create meaning and construct social reality through symbols, such as language and gestures, in their interactions with one another. These scholars have contributed pivotal ideas that have shaped the understanding of social interaction and the formation of identity.

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IGNOU BSOC 103 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-George Herbert Mead stands as a central figure in the development of symbolic interactionism, emphasizing the crucial role of symbolic communication in shaping the self and society. Mead introduced the concept of the "self," contending that it emerges from social interactions. His work, particularly outlined in "Mind, Self, and Society," delineates the "I" and the "me" components of the self. 

The "I" represents the spontaneous aspect, while the "me" embodies the socialized aspect influenced by societal expectations. Mead proposed that individuals engage in symbolic interaction by adopting the perspectives of others, known as "taking the role of the other," allowing them to interpret and anticipate the meanings of their actions within social contexts.

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IGNOU BSOC 103 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Charles Horton Cooley expanded on Mead's ideas with his theory of the "looking-glass self." In his publication "Human Nature and the Social Order," Cooley proposed that individuals shape their self-concept through interactions and feedback from others. According to Cooley, individuals imagine how others perceive them, forming a mental self-image based on these perceptions. 

This process of self-reflection and evaluation forms the basis of the looking-glass self, wherein individuals construct their identities through social feedback and perceptions.

Herbert Blumer, a student of Mead, played a significant role in refining and promoting symbolic interactionism as a distinct sociological perspective. In his influential work "Symbolic Interactionism: Perspective and Method," Blumer outlined the core tenets of symbolic interactionism and its methodological approach. He emphasized the importance of studying the meanings individuals attribute to their actions and interactions within specific social contexts. According to Blumer, these meanings are socially constructed through interaction and negotiation, rather than inherent in objects or events. Symbolic interactionism thus focuses on understanding how individuals interpret symbols, create shared meanings, and negotiate social reality.

IGNOU BSOC 103 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-In addition to these key figures, symbolic interactionism has been enriched by the contributions of other scholars like Erving Goffman and Howard Becker. Goffman explored the role of dramaturgy and impression management in social interaction, while Becker studied the labeling theory and the social construction of deviance. 

Together, these scholars have laid the groundwork for symbolic interactionism as a profound and influential perspective within sociology, offering insights into the intricate dynamics of social interaction, identity formation, and the construction of reality.

Q.2 Define how you understand the concepts Social Encounter and Generalised Others

Q.3 Name at least two schools of Symbolic Interactionist theory and how they differ from each other.

Q.4 Describe how gendered identities are constructed using the symbolic interactionist approach.

Q.5 What do you understand by ‘Back stage’ and ‘Front stage’ performance in social interactions.

Q.6 Can we study social change through symbolic interactionism? Discuss

Q.7 How is symbolic interactionism different from macro level social theories like structuralism and functionalism? Can these perspectives be combined?

Q.8 Define the term Dalit and locate the different types of exclusion related to dalits

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Q.9 Discuss the theoretical rationale of Dalit perspective.

Q.10 Explain the existing reality and book view about of dalits.

Q.11 Write a short note on interactive system of women’s oppression of Radical feminism

Q.12 Is the rate of social change the same for all societies?

Q.13 Compare the different ways in which Marx and Weber described the emergence of capitalism.

Q.14 Why was rational legislation necessary for the development of rational capitalism?

Q.15 How did the notion of ‘predestination’ influence the way in which Protestants worked?



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