IGNOU BPSC 112 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU BPSC 112 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

BPSC 112 Indian Political Thought-I is a course offered by the Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) that explores the evolution of political thought in India from ancient times to the medieval period.

IGNOU BPSC 112 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

Course Structure:

  • Block-1 Traditions of the Pre-Colonial Indian Political Thought
  • Block-2 Political Concerns and Key Ideas

Q.1 Explain the critic of Jainism and Buddhism of Brahmanic tradition

The Brahmanic tradition, deeply rooted in ancient Indian philosophy and religious practice, engaged in significant critiques of Jainism and Buddhism, two prominent heterodox movements that challenged its orthodox beliefs and practices. Through theological, philosophical, and socio-cultural lenses, proponents of the Brahmanic tradition scrutinized various aspects of Jainism and Buddhism, highlighting their disagreements and ideological tensions.

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Metaphysical Critique:

IGNOU BPSC 112 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Atman and Brahman: Central to Brahmanic thought is the concept of Atman, the individual soul, and its ultimate identity with Brahman, the transcendent reality. Jainism and Buddhism, however, reject this notion, advocating for anatman or anatta, the doctrine of non-self. Brahmanic critics saw this denial of Atman and Brahman as undermining the foundational metaphysical principles of their tradition, which emphasized the interconnectedness of the individual soul with the divine.

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Ritual Critique:

Vedic Sacrifices: The Brahmanic tradition upheld Vedic sacrifices and rituals as essential for maintaining cosmic order and spiritual merit. Jainism and Buddhism, on the other hand, questioned the efficacy of these rituals, emphasizing inner transformation and ethical conduct over external ceremonies. This critique challenged the authority of Brahmanic priests and the centrality of ritualism in religious practice.

Social Critique:

IGNOU BPSC 112 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Caste System: Brahmanism was closely associated with the hierarchical caste system, where social status was determined by birth. Jainism and Buddhism rejected caste-based discrimination, advocating for social equality and inclusivity. This critique challenged the Brahmanic social order and hierarchical structures, promoting a more egalitarian society.

Cosmological Critique:

Cycle of Rebirth: While both Brahmanism and Jainism/Buddhism acknowledge the concept of samsara, the cycle of birth and rebirth, they differ in their approach to liberation. Brahmanism emphasizes ritualistic practices and devotion to gods, whereas Jainism and Buddhism focus on moral purification and meditation. This divergence challenged the Brahmanic understanding of samsara and the means to transcend it.

Scriptural Critique:

Authority of the Vedas: The Brahmanic tradition reveres the Vedas as sacred scriptures, while Jainism and Buddhism question their exclusive authority. They rely on their own scriptures and oral teachings, challenging the Brahmanic monopoly on religious knowledge. This critique underscores the diversity of religious thought in ancient India and the contestation over scriptural authority.

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Asceticism Critique:

IGNOU BPSC 112 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Extreme Ascetic Practices: Brahmanic critics were wary of the extreme ascetic practices advocated by Jain and Buddhist monks, viewing them as harmful to physical and mental well-being. They emphasized a more balanced approach to spiritual practice that integrates asceticism with social responsibilities. This critique reflects differing attitudes towards renunciation and worldly engagement.

Q.2 What are the fundamental features of Brahmanic tradition ? Explain its significance.

Q.3 Explain the major methodologies to study the Islamic tradition.

Q.4 Discuss the views of Ved Vyas on the origin of the state.

Q.5 Write a note on evolution of socio-political ideas on Bhakti tradition.

Q.6 Explain the concept of Buddhha’s Dhamma and its significance.

Q.7 Illustrate the scope of Bhakti Tradition

Q.8 Explain the enriched diversity of Bhakti tradition.

Q.9 Write a critical appraisal of evolution of socio-political ideas in Bhakti Bhakti tradition.

Q.10 Explain the Sramanic reactions against the Brahmanic tradition.

Q.11 What is the basis for social and religious harmony in Kabir’s philosophy?

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Q.12 According to Kabir, what is the key for people to be a

ble to build an ideal society?

Q.13 What was the early life of Akka and what was the role of her first Guru?

Q.14 Describe Mahadevi’s renunciation of marriage and jouney up till Srisailam. What is the role of Anubhava Mantapa in this regard?

Q.15 Why is Lingayat tradition considered a resistance to Brahmanical oppression?



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