IGNOU MSW 001 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU MSW 001 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

MSW 001 Origin and Development of Social Work is a course that explores the historical and theoretical foundations of the social work profession. It examines the major social, political, and economic forces that have shaped social work practice, and it introduces students to the core values and ethics that guide the profession.

IGNOU MSW 001 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

Course Structure:

  • The early history of social work, from the ancient world to the Industrial Revolution
  • The development of social work in the United States, Europe, and other parts of the world
  • The major theoretical perspectives that inform social work practice
  • The core values and ethics of the social work profession
  • The contemporary challenges and opportunities facing the social work profession

Q.1 Define Social Welfare Administration. Describe the historical development of Social Welfare Administration.

Social Welfare Administration is the systematic management and oversight of social services and benefits aimed at promoting the well-being, social functioning, and economic security of individuals and communities. It involves the organized planning, coordination, and implementation of programs and policies designed to address the needs of vulnerable populations. 

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IGNOU MSW 001 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Social Welfare Administration encompasses various activities, including resource allocation, program development, staff management, and the evaluation of service effectiveness. The overarching objective is to enhance the quality of life for individuals and communities by tackling social issues and providing essential support to those in need.

The historical development of Social Welfare Administration is intricately connected to the changing attitudes of societies toward social responsibility, government intervention, and the recognition of the necessity for organized efforts to address social problems. Its origins can be traced back to ancient civilizations where communal practices and religious institutions played vital roles in providing assistance to the less fortunate.

Throughout the Middle Ages, charitable activities were predominantly organized by religious institutions and monasteries, offering basic support to the poor, sick, and orphaned. However, these efforts were driven more by moral and religious obligations than systematic social policies. The Renaissance period marked a shift with the emergence of early poor laws in Europe, representing a move toward more formalized approaches to social welfare.

IGNOU MSW 001 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-The 19th century witnessed increased industrialization and urbanization, leading to heightened social problems and disparities. This prompted a shift toward more structured social welfare measures. In the United Kingdom, the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834 redefined approaches to poverty relief, emphasizing the establishment of workhouses and a more stringent administration of assistance. This signaled a move toward a more organized and bureaucratic form of social welfare administration.

In the United States, Social Welfare Administration gained momentum in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, driven by the Progressive Era's commitment to addressing social injustices and improving living conditions. Influential figures such as Jane Addams and Mary Ellen Richmond advocated for organized social work and the professionalization of social welfare administration. Settlement houses and the establishment of social work as a profession contributed to a more systematic approach to social issues.

The early 20th century saw the emergence of social welfare policies and programs on a broader scale. The Social Security Act of 1935 in the United States, a landmark legislation during the New Deal era, laid the groundwork for social welfare programs, including unemployment insurance, old-age pensions, and aid to dependent children. This represented a significant step toward a more comprehensive and federally supported system of social welfare administration.

IGNOU MSW 001 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Post-World War II, the mid-20th century witnessed further expansion and refinement of social welfare administration, particularly in Western democracies. Notable instances include the Beveridge Report in the United Kingdom and the development of the welfare state in Nordic countries, emphasizing the state's responsibility in providing social protection and support. The concept of a comprehensive welfare state gained traction, encompassing health care, education, housing, and social security.

In the latter half of the 20th century and into the 21st century, social welfare administration continued to evolve in response to changing demographics, economic challenges, and emerging social issues. The focus shifted toward more inclusive and client-centered approaches, emphasizing empowerment, diversity, and cultural competence in service delivery. Technological advancements played a role in streamlining administrative processes, improving accessibility, and enhancing the efficiency of social welfare programs.

IGNOU MSW 001 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-The historical development of Social Welfare Administration reflects a gradual progression from informal and charity-based initiatives to more formalized, bureaucratic systems of social support. The increasing recognition of the state's role in ensuring social welfare, coupled with the professionalization of social work and the establishment of comprehensive social welfare policies, has shaped the landscape of social welfare administration as we understand it today.

Q.2 Trace the history of Social Work in Africa and Middle East.

Q.3 Define Social Work Research. Describe the growth and emergence of Social Work Research.

Q.4 Trace the history of Social Work and Social Welfare in North America

Q.5 Identify and state historical milestones in the development of social work and social welfare.

Q.6 Explain the meaning of social action and the scope of this method with examples from the field.

Q.7 Discuss the emergence and growth of Social Work discipline in Asia.

Q.8 Trace the history of Social Work in South America.

Q.9 Describe briefly the prospects and retrospect of Social Work Education.

Q.10 Elaborate the origin and historical development of social group work.

Q.11 Establish the place of community work in social work profession

Q.12 Discuss the emergence of Global Standards in social work education.

Q.13 Describe social administration as a field of study and process.

Q.14 What are the components of social action ?

Q.15 Describe the emergence and growth of social work discipline in South Asia.


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