IGNOU MRDE 101 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU MRDE 101 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

MRDE 101, or Master's in Rural Development and Extension - 101, is a course offered by the Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) in India. It is a postgraduate diploma program that aims to provide students with the knowledge and skills necessary to work in the field of rural development.

IGNOU MRDE 101 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

Course Structure:

  • Block-1 Development of Rural Women
  • Block-2 Development of Rural Children
  • Block-3 Development of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Under-privileged Groups
  • Block-4 Policies and Social Legislations on Children, Women and SC/ST

Q.1 Describe various schemes for girls’ education in India

Several initiatives and schemes in India have been pivotal in addressing the gender disparity in education, specifically focusing on promoting girls' education. These schemes, implemented by both the government and non-governmental organizations, aim to tackle issues such as enrollment, infrastructure, scholarships, and societal attitudes. Here, we delve into some of the noteworthy schemes, shedding light on their objectives, strategies, and impact.

IGNOU MRDE 101 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), launched in 2000, is a pioneering initiative with a focus on providing universal elementary education. Recognizing the gender disparities in education, SSA incorporates specific components to enhance the enrollment and retention of girls in schools. It emphasizes the construction of separate girls' toilets, ensuring a safe and conducive environment, and advocating for the mainstreaming of out-of-school girls.

Another critical scheme, the National Program for Education of Girls at Elementary Level (NPEGEL), initiated in 2003, targets girls from disadvantaged groups in primary education. This program strives to improve enrollment and retention by providing additional support in terms of resources, teaching staff, and community mobilization. NPEGEL also addresses the quality of education and aims to create a girl-friendly environment in schools.

For higher education, schemes like the Post-Matric Scholarship for Girls and the National Scheme of Incentive to Girls for Secondary Education play a crucial role. These scholarships, offered by both central and state governments, provide financial assistance to meritorious girls from economically weaker sections, thus contributing to increased enrollment and retention of girls in schools and colleges.

IGNOU MRDE 101 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-To combat dropout rates among adolescent girls due to socio-economic factors, the Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV) scheme was introduced in 2004. This initiative establishes residential schools for girls in educationally backward blocks, offering not only academic support but also accommodation, meals, and healthcare. KGBV addresses a spectrum of challenges faced by girls in accessing education, creating a holistic and empowering environment.

Also Read-

The Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao (BBBP) initiative, launched in 2015, addresses the declining child sex ratio and promotes girls' education. Adopting a multi-sectoral approach, BBBP involves health, education, and communication strategies to change societal mindsets and improve the overall well-being of girls. Recognizing education as a fundamental tool for empowerment, BBBP strives to create an enabling environment for the holistic development of girls.

In the digital era, the Digital India campaign has played a crucial role in enhancing educational opportunities for girls. Initiatives like the Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan (PMGDISHA) aim to make digital literacy accessible, especially to girls in rural areas. Digital education not only supplements traditional learning methods but also opens avenues for skill development and empowerment.

IGNOU MRDE 101 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Additionally, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have been actively contributing to girls' education in India. NGOs like Pratham, through programs like Read India, focus on improving foundational literacy and numeracy skills among girls, particularly in rural areas. By employing innovative teaching methodologies and community involvement, these organizations address gaps in learning outcomes, ensuring that girls receive quality education.

The Sarathi Foundation is another NGO working towards girls' education by providing scholarships, mentorship programs, and career guidance. Collaborating with schools, communities, and local authorities, such organizations create a supportive ecosystem for girls' education, addressing socio-economic barriers and promoting community involvement.

Moreover, financial inclusion schemes like the Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY), launched as part of the Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao campaign, encourage parents to save for the future education and marriage expenses of their girl child. This initiative not only fosters a culture of saving but also recognizes the long-term financial needs associated with girls' education.

Despite the progress made by these schemes, challenges persist, including deep-rooted societal norms, economic constraints, and regional disparities. Comprehensive efforts are required to address these challenges, involving not only governmental and non-governmental interventions but also changes in societal attitudes and gender norms.

Q.2 Identify the target groups of Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS). Highlight the delivery of services under ICDS.

Q.3 Discuss various schemes for the empowerment of scheduled castes

Q.4 Explain the main provisions of the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986.

Q.5 Highlight important innovative schemes for education of rural children

Q.6 Briefly explain schemes for rehabilitation of bonded labour.

Q.7 Describe social status of rural women in India

Q.8 Discuss the major health problems among children.

Q.9 Explain various schemes for girls' education in India.

Q.10 Elaborate various schemes for the empowerment of the Scheduled Castes.

Q.11 What are the main indicators of health and nutritional status of women ? Explain.

Q.12 What are the training areas of women ? Discuss important aspects related to the training of rural women.

Q.13 Discuss the issues and problems of Scheduled Tribes.

Q.14 What is Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) ? Briefly describe the ways to reduce the rate of drop - out of girls in school.

Q.15 Explain the constitutional safeguards for the protection and upliftment of scheduled castes.



Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.