IGNOU MSW 003 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU MSW 003 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

MSW 003 Basic Social Science Concepts is a course offered by the Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) for students pursuing the Master of Social Work (MSW) degree. It aims to equip students with a foundational understanding of the key concepts and theories that underpin the various social sciences disciplines relevant to social work practice.

IGNOU MSW 003 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

Course Structure:

  • Block 1: Basic Concepts of Society
  • Block 2: Basics of Psychology for Social Workers
  • Block 3: Family - The Basic Unit of Society
  • Block 4: Indian Families in Transition

Q.1 Define personality. Discuss Allport's trait theory and Freud's theory of personality development.

Personality is a complex and multi-dimensional concept that encompasses the unique patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that distinguish one individual from another. It reflects the enduring characteristics and distinctive qualities that shape an individual's responses to various situations and influences their interactions with the world. 

IGNOU MSW 003 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Understanding and explaining personality has been a central focus in psychology, leading to the development of various theories. Two prominent theories in the realm of personality are Gordon Allport's trait theory and Sigmund Freud's theory of personality development.

Gordon Allport's trait theory is a seminal contribution to the understanding of personality, emphasizing the role of individual traits in shaping behavior. Allport defined traits as "neuropsychic structures" that organize an individual's consistent and characteristic patterns of behavior. He distinguished between common traits, which are shared by many individuals and define a culture, and personal or unique traits, which are specific to an individual. Allport's approach focused on the identification and measurement of specific traits to comprehend the complexity of human personality.

Central to Allport's theory is the idea that an individual's behavior can be understood through a finite set of underlying traits. He identified three types of traits: cardinal traits, which dominate an individual's entire personality; central traits, which are general characteristics that form the foundation of personality; and secondary traits, which are situational and less influential. Allport proposed that understanding an individual's unique combination of traits could provide insights into their behavior and predict their responses across various situations.

IGNOU MSW 003 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Allport's trait theory contributed to the development of trait-based personality assessments, such as the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) and the Big Five personality traits. The Big Five, also known as the Five-Factor Model, includes openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism. These traits are considered to represent the fundamental dimensions of personality, providing a comprehensive framework for studying individual differences.

In contrast, Sigmund Freud's theory of personality development, often referred to as psychoanalytic theory, delves into the unconscious mind and the role of early childhood experiences in shaping personality. Freud proposed a three-part structure of the mind: the conscious mind, representing thoughts and perceptions; the preconscious mind, holding memories and thoughts that can be readily brought to consciousness; and the unconscious mind, containing repressed memories, desires, and thoughts that are not easily accessible.

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Freud's theory posits that personality is composed of three interacting components: the id, ego, and superego. The id is the primitive and instinctual part of the psyche, seeking immediate gratification of desires. The ego acts as the conscious, rational mediator, balancing the demands of the id and the constraints of reality. The superego represents the internalized moral standards and societal norms, serving as a conscience.

IGNOU MSW 003 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-According to Freud, personality development occurs in distinct psychosexual stages: oral, anal, phallic, latent, and genital. Each stage is associated with specific conflicts and challenges related to the satisfaction of instinctual drives. Successful resolution of these conflicts leads to the development of a healthy personality. The phallic stage, for example, is marked by the Oedipus or Electra complex, where children experience unconscious sexual desires for the opposite-sex parent and rivalry with the same-sex parent. Failure to navigate these stages successfully can result in unresolved conflicts and personality issues.

Freud's emphasis on the unconscious mind, sexual and aggressive instincts, and the importance of early childhood experiences in shaping personality has had a lasting impact on the field of psychology. However, his theories have also been criticized for their lack of empirical support and the emphasis on sexuality as a primary motivator.

Q.2 What is prejudice and explain the theories of prejudice formation ?.

Q.3 Describe the institution of marriage in a family, its importance, functions and critical issues.

Q.4 Discuss marital distress and the theoretical framework to understand the incongruent marital relationships.

Q.5 Discuss the factors influencing caste system in modern India.

Q.6 Discuss the salient characteristics of culture.

Q.7 Discuss contemporary theories of social learning.

Q.8 Explain Erikson’s model of psychosocial development.

Q.9 Explain the concept and functions of social institution.

Q.10 Define social control. Briefly discuss the means of social control.

Q.11 Discuss Carl Roger’s self theory in personality development.

Q.12 Define groups and state the features of groups.

Q.13 Define Adolescence. Discuss their prominent psychosocial problems.

Q.14 Discuss the emerging forms, changing functions and dynamics of family.

Q.15 Explain the major factors of social change, giving illustrations.


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