IGNOU MPA 018 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU MPA 018 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU MPA 018 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-In IGNOU's MPA program, MPA-018 typically represents Disaster Management. This course delves into various aspects of disaster preparedness, mitigation, response, and recovery, focusing on public administration's role in these crucial stages.

IGNOU MPA 018 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

Course Structure:

  • Disaster Management Cycle: Phases of disaster, risk assessment, vulnerability analysis, early warning systems.
  • Recent Trends: Climate change and disasters, urban disasters, technological disasters.
  • Disaster Preparedness in the Indian Context: National Disaster Management Framework, role of various agencies, community-based preparedness.
  • Disaster Prevention: Structural and non-structural measures, mitigation strategies, land use planning.
  • Resource Analysis and Mobilization: Human resources, financial resources, material resources, international cooperation.
  • Disaster Mitigation: Integrated approach, flood mitigation, drought mitigation, earthquake mitigation, cyclone mitigation.
  • Community Based Disaster Management: Role of communities, capacity building, local knowledge, traditional coping mechanisms.
  • Disaster Response: Search and rescue operations, emergency medical care, evacuation, damage assessment.
  • Disaster Recovery: Rehabilitation, reconstruction, psychosocial support, livelihood restoration.

Q.1 Discuss the relationship between disaster and  development with the help of examples from developed and developing countries.

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), established by the United Nations in 2000, set ambitious targets to address a range of global challenges, including poverty, hunger, education, gender equality, and healthcare. 

IGNOU MPA 018 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-While the original MDGs did not explicitly focus on disaster risk reduction, the subsequent global development framework, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), incorporated this critical aspect. Nevertheless, it is essential to recognize the intrinsic link between disaster risk reduction and various MDGs, as disasters often exacerbate existing vulnerabilities and hinder progress towards sustainable development.

One of the key Millennium Development Goals related to disaster risk reduction was Goal 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger. Poverty and hunger are intertwined with vulnerability to disasters, as impoverished communities are often more susceptible to the devastating impacts of natural hazards. 

IGNOU MPA 018 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Achieving this goal involves not only addressing immediate humanitarian needs in the aftermath of disasters but also implementing long-term strategies to build resilience and reduce the risk of future events. Efforts to eradicate poverty and hunger should consider the potential impact of disasters on vulnerable populations, ensuring that development interventions contribute to increased resilience and sustainable livelihoods.

Goal 2 of the MDGs aimed to achieve universal primary education. While this goal does not directly address disaster risk reduction, education plays a crucial role in building resilience and reducing vulnerability. Communities with better access to education are often more informed and prepared to respond to disasters. Integrating disaster risk reduction into educational curricula can enhance awareness, empower communities to develop early warning systems, and promote a culture of safety.

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As part of the broader development agenda, ensuring universal access to quality education contributes to building a foundation for resilient societies capable of withstanding and recovering from disasters.

Goal 3 focused on promoting gender equality and empowering women. Gender disparities exacerbate the vulnerability of women and girls to the impacts of disasters. Recognizing this, disaster risk reduction initiatives should prioritize gender-sensitive approaches that address the specific needs and challenges faced by women. Empowering women through education, economic opportunities, and active participation in decision-making processes strengthens community resilience. By mainstreaming gender considerations into disaster risk reduction strategies, progress can be made towards achieving Goal 3 and creating more equitable and resilient societies.

The fourth MDG aimed to reduce child mortality. While the direct link between child mortality and disaster risk reduction may not be immediately apparent, disasters significantly impact children's health and well-being. Access to healthcare, clean water, and sanitation becomes crucial in the aftermath of disasters to prevent the spread of diseases and reduce child mortality rates. Integrating disaster risk reduction into healthcare systems and ensuring their resilience can contribute to achieving Goal 4 by safeguarding the health of vulnerable populations, especially children, during and after disasters.

Goal 5 emphasized improving maternal health. Similarly to child mortality, the health of pregnant women and mothers is profoundly affected by disasters. Ensuring access to maternal healthcare services and promoting resilient health systems are critical components of disaster risk reduction efforts. Addressing the unique needs of pregnant women and mothers during emergencies contributes to achieving Goal 5 and ensures that maternal health is not compromised during and after disasters. Goal 6 sought to combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases.

IGNOU MPA 018 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-While this goal primarily focused on infectious diseases, disasters can exacerbate health challenges, especially in vulnerable communities. Disruptions to healthcare services, the displacement of populations, and compromised infrastructure can contribute to the spread of diseases in the aftermath of disasters. Therefore, integrating disaster risk reduction into public health strategies is crucial to achieving Goal 6 and preventing the resurgence of infectious diseases in disaster-affected areas.

Goal 7 aimed to ensure environmental sustainability. This goal encompasses a broad range of issues, including access to clean water, sanitation, and sustainable urban development. Disasters often strain environmental resources, and inadequate infrastructure can contribute to increased vulnerability. Sustainable development practices, including resilient infrastructure and urban planning, are essential for reducing the risk of disasters and ensuring the long-term well-being of communities. Therefore, integrating disaster risk reduction into environmental sustainability efforts contributes to achieving Goal

The eighth and final MDG focused on developing a global partnership for development. This goal acknowledged the need for collaboration among nations, international organizations, and other stakeholders to address global challenges collectively. In the context of disaster risk reduction, fostering international cooperation is crucial. Disasters often transcend national boundaries, requiring coordinated efforts to share knowledge, resources, and technology. The establishment of global partnerships for disaster risk reduction enhances the capacity of nations to prepare for, respond to, and recover from disasters, contributing to the overall success of Goal 8.

Q.2 Describe issues and responses to disaster  Management in mountainous regions.

Q.3 Define vulnerability and describe its relationship  with capacity.

Q.4 Examine the types and characteristics of  corporate social responsibility with respect to disaster management.

Q.5 Discuss the principles of community based  disaster management.

Q.6 Describe the various management guidelines for temporary shelter provision during disasters.

Q.7 Explain the different types of damage reports

Q.8 Identify the different types of rehabilitation.

Q.9 Examine the role of sustainable development in disaster management.

Q. 10 Discuss the role of disaster management authorities in disaster management.

Q.11 Discuss the international approach to disaster management.

Q.12 Describe the guidelines for prevention of droughts.

Q.13 Explain vulnerability analysis and its processers.

Q.14Enumerate the local sources of resource mobilization.

Q.15 Discuss briefly the Millennium Development Goals to be addressed for disaster risk reduction.



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