IGNOU EPA 03 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU EPA 03 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU EPA 03 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-EPA 03 Development Administration, offered by Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU), delves into the intricacies of managing and administering programs and initiatives aimed at fostering progress in developing countries.

IGNOU EPA 03 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

Course Structure:

  • Block-1 Concepts and Approaches
  • Block-2 Development Strategy and Planning
  • Block-3 Planning Process
  • Block-4 Bureaucracy and Development
  • Block-5 Decentralisation and Development
  • Block-6 Public Sector and Development

Q.1 'Bureaucracy has an important role to play in policy implementation.' Comment.

Bureaucracy plays a crucial role in policy implementation, serving as the operational arm of the government tasked with translating legislative mandates and executive decisions into tangible actions and outcomes.

IGNOU EPA 03 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-At its core, bureaucracy embodies the administrative machinery responsible for executing government policies, programs, and services. Its functions encompass a wide array of tasks, including planning, coordination, resource allocation, regulation, service delivery, and monitoring and evaluation. Bureaucratic agencies and departments are entrusted with specific mandates and responsibilities within their respective domains, working in concert to achieve overarching policy objectives set by elected officials.

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IGNOU EPA 03 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-One of the primary roles of bureaucracy in policy implementation is to operationalize policy decisions through the formulation of detailed plans, procedures, and guidelines. 

Bureaucrats translate broad policy directives into actionable strategies, defining the scope, objectives, timelines, and allocation of resources necessary for effective implementation. This involves conducting feasibility studies, stakeholder consultations, and risk assessments to assess the viability and implications of proposed policies, as well as identifying potential challenges and mitigating measures.

IGNOU EPA 03 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Moreover, bureaucracy plays a pivotal role in mobilizing and allocating resources to support policy implementation efforts. Bureaucratic agencies manage budgets, personnel, infrastructure, and other assets essential for delivering public services and programs. 

They allocate funds, procure goods and services, hire personnel, and deploy assets in accordance with established priorities and performance targets. Through effective resource management, bureaucracy ensures the efficient utilization of scarce resources and maximizes the impact of public investments in achieving policy goals.

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IGNOU EPA 03 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Furthermore, bureaucracy is instrumental in coordinating and facilitating collaboration among diverse stakeholders involved in policy implementation. 

Bureaucratic agencies serve as hubs of interagency coordination, bringing together government departments, civil society organizations, private sector entities, and other stakeholders to pool resources, share information, and coordinate activities. By fostering partnerships and networks, bureaucracy enhances synergies, reduces duplication, and promotes coherence in policy implementation efforts across different sectors and levels of government.

In addition to its coordinating role, bureaucracy plays a crucial role in regulating and enforcing compliance with laws, regulations, and standards governing policy implementation. Bureaucratic agencies develop and enforce rules, procedures, and standards to ensure that policies are implemented in accordance with legal requirements, ethical norms, and best practices. 

They monitor compliance, conduct inspections, and impose sanctions or corrective measures to address deviations, violations, or non-compliance with established norms. Through effective regulation, bureaucracy safeguards public interests, protects rights, and ensures accountability in the delivery of public services and benefits.

Moreover, bureaucracy serves as a frontline service provider, delivering a wide range of public services and programs to citizens and communities. Bureaucratic agencies administer social welfare programs, healthcare services, education initiatives, infrastructure projects, environmental protection measures, and other essential services essential for promoting public welfare and enhancing quality of life. 

By directly engaging with citizens and communities, bureaucracy plays a crucial role in meeting diverse needs, addressing grievances, and fostering public trust and confidence in government institutions.

Furthermore, bureaucracy plays a critical role in monitoring and evaluating policy implementation outcomes, assessing progress, identifying bottlenecks, and recommending corrective actions. Bureaucratic agencies collect data, analyze performance metrics, and conduct impact assessments to evaluate the effectiveness, efficiency, and equity of policy interventions. They generate feedback loops that enable policymakers to make informed decisions, adjust strategies, and reallocate resources based on evidence and feedback from the field. Through rigorous monitoring and evaluation, bureaucracy enhances accountability, learning, and continuous improvement in policy implementation processes.

IGNOU EPA 03 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Despite its pivotal role, bureaucracy faces numerous challenges that can impede effective policy implementation. Bureaucratic agencies often contend with limited resources, competing priorities, bureaucratic inertia, political interference, administrative red tape, and resistance to change. 

Moreover, bureaucratic structures and processes can be rigid, hierarchical, and slow to adapt to evolving needs, technologies, and societal expectations. These challenges underscore the need for ongoing reforms to modernize and streamline bureaucratic systems, enhance agility, responsiveness, and innovation, and foster a culture of performance, accountability, and continuous improvement.

Q.2 Describe development 'administration of the 1960s and examine the shift in its thrust in the 1970s.

Q.3 Examine the concept of bureaucratic commitment and neutrality.

Q.4 Elucidate the various approaches to development and development administration.

Q.5 Describe the specific development goals of development administration in India.

Q.6 Explain the concept and evolution of voluntary agencies in India.

Q.7 Write a note on the different types of cooperatives in India.

Q.8 Discuss the mandate of Balwant Rai Mehta Committee on structure of Panchayati Raj

Q.9 "Development administration can better be understood by referring to Administration of Development and Development of Administration". Discuss.

Q.10 Discuss the various aspects of decentralisation and highlight major obstacles in the way of democratic decentralisation.

Q.11 Define co-operative moment and briefly discuss various Models of Co-operatives.

Q.12 Highlight the genesis of Development Administration and list out the differences between Traditional and Development Administration.

Q.13 Examine influence of social back ground of bureaucracy on public administration.

Q.14 Discuss the major problems of public sector in India.

Q. 15 Describe the role of Bureaucracy in policy formulation.


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