IGNOU EPA 01 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU EPA 01 Important Questions With Answers  English Medium 

EPA 01 Administrative Theory is a course offered by Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) that covers the fundamental principles and concepts of public administration.

IGNOU EPA 01 Important Questions With Answers  English Medium

Course Structure:

  • Block-1 The Nature of Public Administration
  • Block-2 Public Organisations : the Paradigms
  • Block-3 Bureaucracy
  • Block-4 Concepts in Organisation-I
  • Block-5 Concepts in Organisation-II
  • Block-6 Concepts in Organisation-III

Q.1 Discuss the range of comparative studies and also the nature of comparative administrative studies.

IGNOU EPA 01 Important Questions With Answers  English Medium -Comparative studies encompass a wide array of academic investigations aimed at understanding similarities and disparities across various contexts, whether they pertain to nations, regions, organizations, or phenomena. Within this expansive field, comparative administrative studies focus specifically on examining administrative systems, structures, processes, and policies across different countries or jurisdictions. This discipline seeks to elucidate the fundamental principles, patterns, and dynamics that influence administrative practices and outcomes, thereby enhancing our comprehension of public administration on a global scale.

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The scope of comparative studies is vast, spanning diverse areas of inquiry such as politics, economics, sociology, anthropology, education, healthcare, and, notably, public administration. These studies serve several pivotal functions:

Firstly, comparative studies facilitate cross-national or cross-cultural analysis, enabling researchers to identify commonalities and variances in social, political, and economic phenomena. By exploring how disparate societies or nations tackle similar challenges or pursue analogous objectives, researchers can uncover insights into the factors shaping policy decisions, institutional configurations, and governance results.

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Secondly, comparative studies offer a means to test theories, hypotheses, and conceptual frameworks across different contexts, thereby enhancing the validity and robustness of research findings. By scrutinizing outcomes across multiple cases, researchers can evaluate the relevance and applicability of theoretical propositions, pinpoint contextual influences that mediate or moderate relationships, and refine theoretical frameworks to better encapsulate the intricacies of real-world phenomena.

Thirdly, comparative studies facilitate knowledge exchange and learning by showcasing best practices, innovative approaches, and lessons gleaned from diverse contexts. By scrutinizing successful policies, programs, or reforms enacted in one setting and assessing their transferability to others, policymakers and practitioners can derive valuable insights and adapt promising practices to suit their own circumstances.

IGNOU EPA 01 Important Questions With Answers  English Medium -Fourthly, comparative studies contribute to evidence-based policymaking and practice by furnishing empirical data, rigorous analysis, and actionable recommendations. By systematically comparing policy outcomes, administrative efficacy, and governance practices across different jurisdictions, researchers can identify effective, efficient, and equitable policy interventions, as well as areas warranting reform or enhancement.

In the domain of public administration, comparative administrative studies play a pivotal role in advancing knowledge, informing policy formulation, and enhancing governance efficacy. These studies encompass a broad spectrum of topics and methodologies, including:

IGNOU EPA 01 Important Questions With Answers  English Medium -Comparative Public Management: Investigating the organization, management, and performance of public sector entities across different nations or regions. This involves scrutinizing bureaucratic structures, leadership dynamics, decision-making processes, accountability mechanisms, and systems for evaluating performance.

Comparative Policy Analysis: Analyzing the formulation, implementation, and evaluation of public policies across diverse jurisdictions. This entails comparing policy objectives, design choices, implementation strategies, policy outcomes, and the influence of political, institutional, and cultural factors on policy processes and results.

Comparative Administrative Reforms: Exploring endeavors to reform and modernize administrative systems and practices in various countries. This includes examining the impetus behind administrative reforms, the adoption of novel management techniques and tools, the role of international organizations and donors in propelling reform agendas, and the repercussions of reforms on governance performance and service delivery.

Comparative Governance and Institutions: Scrutinizing the structures, functions, and dynamics of governance systems in different political and institutional settings. This involves comparing governance models, regulatory frameworks, mechanisms for upholding the rule of law, measures for combating corruption, and the roles of civil society and media in promoting transparency, accountability, and citizen participation.

Comparative Public Policy: Investigating the formulation, implementation, and impact of specific public policies across diverse countries or regions. This encompasses examining policy domains such as healthcare, education, social welfare, environmental protection, and economic development, and comparing policy approaches, outcomes, and lessons learned.

IGNOU EPA 01 Important Questions With Answers  English Medium -Overall, comparative administrative studies furnish valuable insights into the complexities of public administration in an interconnected world, shedding light on the myriad approaches, challenges, and opportunities confronting policymakers, administrators, and citizens across different contexts. By fostering cross-national dialogue, empirical inquiry, and evidence-based policymaking, comparative administrative studies contribute to the advancement of administrative theory and practice, as well as the promotion of good governance, accountability, and democratic governance.

Q.2 Elaborate upon the ideal models of bureaucracy.

Q.3 Describe the characteristics of primastic society and sala model of administration.

Q.4 Describe the characteristics of formal organisation.

Q.5 Explain the Hawthorne studies conducted by Elton Mayo.

Q.6 Explain the contributions of F.W. Taylor with special reference to the principles of scientific management.

Q.7 'Abraham Maslow gave a comprehensive theory of need hierarchy.' Discuss.

Q.8 Describe the meaning and significance of delegation in an organisation.

Q.9 Highlight the characteristics of formal and informal organisations.

Q.10 Define public administration and discuss its scope, domain and characteristics.

Q.11 Elucidate the characteristics and types of delegation.

Q.12 'Effective use of leadership qualities and functions is critical for an efficient organisation'. Elaborate.

Q.13 Examine the nature and scope of public administration.

Q.14 Discuss the features and goals of New Public Administration.

Q. 15 Highlight the different elements of Development 12 Administration.


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