IGNOU BPCC 105 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU BPCC 105 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU BPCC 105 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-BPCC 105, offered by Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU), delves into the fascinating world of conducting psychological research. This course equips students with the theoretical knowledge, practical skills, and ethical considerations involved in designing, conducting, and analyzing research in the field of psychology.

IGNOU BPCC 105 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

Course Structure:

  • Block 1: Scientific Research and Empirical Methods in Behavioural Research: This introductory block lays the foundation by defining scientific research, the scientific method, and its application in psychology. It explores different types of research designs (e.g., experimental, correlational, case study) and emphasizes empirical methods for data collection and analysis.
  • Block 2: Quantitative and Qualitative Research Methods: This section delves into the two main approaches to research: quantitative and qualitative. Students learn about data collection methods like surveys, experiments, observations, and interviews, analyzing quantitative data using statistical techniques, and interpreting qualitative data through thematic analysis.
  • Block 3: Population and Sampling: This block focuses on understanding populations, the groups to which research findings are intended to apply, and sampling techniques for selecting representative groups from these populations. Students learn about different sampling methods (e.g., random, stratified, purposeful) and their implications for generalizability.
  • Block 4: Methods of Data Collection: This section equips students with the practical skills needed to collect research data effectively. Students explore various data collection methods, including survey design, interview techniques, observational procedures, and ethical considerations in data collection.
  • Block 5: Psychological Research Guidelines on Practicum: This final block provides practical guidance on conducting a small-scale research project. Students learn about developing research questions, designing methodologies, analyzing data, writing research reports, and adhering to ethical principles in research.

Q.1 Define variable and discuss the various kinds of variable

A variable is a symbol or placeholder representing an unknown value that can change within a given context. Across mathematics, statistics, and computer science, variables serve as fundamental tools for expressing relationships, conducting experiments, and modeling phenomena. They provide flexibility and abstraction, enabling the manipulation and analysis of diverse datasets and conditions.

IGNOU BPCC 105 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Variables can be classified into distinct types based on their characteristics and roles. One common categorization includes independent variables, dependent variables, discrete variables, and continuous variables.

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Independent variables, denoted as  x, are factors deliberately altered or controlled in an experiment or study. They are the inputs that researchers manipulate to observe their impact on other variables, often considered as causes or influencers.

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Dependent variables, denoted as y, are outcomes or responses that are measured or observed in response to changes in the independent variables. They represent the effects or consequences of the manipulated factors.

Discrete variables are those that can only assume specific, distinct values within a defined range. They are typically counted rather than measured, with examples including counts of items or occurrences.

IGNOU BPCC 105 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Continuous variables, in contrast, can take on any value within a given range and are measured rather than counted. They encompass quantities such as time, temperature, and distance, where there is an infinite number of possible values.

Further classification can be based on the scale of measurement, distinguishing between interval-scale and ratio-scale variables. Interval-scale variables maintain consistent intervals between adjacent values but lack a true zero point. Ratio-scale variables, however, possess a meaningful zero point, indicating the absence of the measured attribute.

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Another perspective categorizes variables as either categorical or numerical. Categorical variables represent qualitative characteristics and can be nominal or ordinal. Nominal variables lack a natural order among categories, while ordinal variables possess a distinct ranking.

Numerical variables, also known as quantitative variables, convey measurable quantities and can be discrete or continuous in nature.

IGNOU BPCC 105 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Understanding the various types of variables is crucial for designing experiments, conducting analyses, and drawing valid conclusions in research and data analysis contexts. By discerning the roles and characteristics of different variables, researchers can effectively model phenomena, interpret data, and derive meaningful insights.

Q.2 Explain Intervening variables and Hypothetical constructs in your own words.

Q.3 Differentiate between variables and constructs. Give suitable example

Q.4 Explain the nature of extraneous variable with suitable examples

Q.5 Trace the history and philosophy of qualitative research.

Q.6 Compare and contrast the qualitative research method and quantitative research. 

Q.7Explain the goals and principals of Psychological research

Q.8 Elaborate upon the mix approach research method

Q.9 Discuss the characteristics of quantitative research design.

Q.10 Differentiate between laboratory experiment, field experiment and field studies.

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Q.11 Write down the format of research report?

Q.12 Describe the relevance of sampling techniques in research.

Q.13 Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of sampling techniques.

Q.14 Discuss the concept and relevance of a research proposal?

Q.15What are the two categories of operational definition?


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