IGNOU BPAC 113 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU BPAC 113 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU BPAC 113 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-BPAC 113, offered by Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU), equips you with a fundamental understanding of the principles, practices, and challenges of development administration.

IGNOU BPAC 113 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

Course Structure:

  • Block-1 Development Administration: An Introduction
  • Block-2 Trends in Development Administration
  • Block-3 Roles of Various Agencies Block-4 Case Studies
  • Block-5 Decentralisation: Administration of Development at Grassroots
  • Block-6 Administrative Reforms

Q.1 Development management represents the generational transformation in both the idea of development as well as its administration.’ Elaborate.

Development management signifies a significant departure from conventional approaches to development, representing a generational transformation in both the conceptualization and implementation of development initiatives. Traditionally, development was narrowly construed as economic growth, measured solely by indicators such as GDP and industrial output. 

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IGNOU BPAC 113 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-However, the emergence of development management has expanded this perspective to encompass a broader array of factors, including social equity, environmental sustainability, cultural preservation, and political participation. This holistic understanding acknowledges the interconnectedness of economic, social, and environmental dimensions and advocates for integrated strategies that address the multifaceted nature of development challenges.

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IGNOU BPAC 113 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Furthermore, development management entails a fundamental reconfiguration of development administration. Traditional top-down approaches, characterized by centralized decision-making and technocratic interventions, have been supplanted by participatory and decentralized models. 

These new paradigms prioritize community engagement, empowerment, and ownership of development processes, recognizing the agency and expertise of local communities in shaping their own futures. By fostering collaborative partnerships between government agencies, civil society organizations, and grassroots stakeholders, development management seeks to create an inclusive and participatory environment conducive to sustainable development.

Additionally, development management embraces principles of adaptive governance and learning-based approaches. In response to the complexities and uncertainties inherent in development processes, it advocates for flexibility, responsiveness, and continual learning as essential elements of effective governance. Experimentation, innovation, and adaptive decision-making are encouraged to enable responses to evolving circumstances and feedback from stakeholders.

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Moreover, development management underscores the importance of evidence-based policymaking and robust monitoring and evaluation mechanisms. Recognizing the value of data-driven insights, it emphasizes the use of rigorous analysis to inform policy decisions, assess program effectiveness, and identify areas for improvement. By leveraging data analytics, impact assessments, and performance evaluations, development management seeks to enhance the efficiency, effectiveness, and accountability of development interventions.

Furthermore, development management prioritizes the promotion of inclusive and participatory governance processes. It acknowledges the intrinsic worth of diverse perspectives, voices, and experiences in shaping development policies and programs. Through inclusive dialogue, deliberation, and decision-making, development management aims to ensure that the interests and needs of all stakeholders, particularly marginalized and vulnerable groups, are taken into account. This emphasis on inclusivity and participation contributes to the legitimacy, relevance, and sustainability of development efforts.

Lastly, development management emphasizes the need to build resilient and adaptive institutions capable of navigating complex and uncertain environments. It advocates for institutional reforms that enhance transparency, accountability, and responsiveness in governance structures. By strengthening the capacity of public institutions, civil society organizations, and community-based organizations, development management seeks to create an enabling environment for sustainable development.

Q.2 Examine the role of voluntary organisations

Q.3 “Local bodies have a vital role, in socioeconomic development.” Elaborate.

Q.4 Examine the role of voluntary organisations

Q.5 Write a note on New Public Service.

Q.6 Elucidate the role of Village Health Sanitation and Nutrition Committee (VHSNC) on the basis of certain case studies.

Q.7 Describe the administrative reforms introduced by the first ARC and second ARC in India.

Q.8 Discuss the features of development administration

Q.9 Describe the role of political parties in socioeconomic development of the country.

Q.10‘Voluntary organizations play an important role in achievement of state’s development goals.’ Comment.

Q.11 Discuss the relevance and nature of community based organizations

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Q.12 Examine the role of development actors at the grassroots level in meeting community health needs

Q.13 Describe the role played by voluntary organisations in socio-economic development

Q.14 Examine the challenges faced by voluntary organisations

Q.15 Explain the concept of voluntary organisations



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