IGNOU BPAC 110 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU BPAC 110 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU BPAC 110 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-BPAC 110 Urban Local Governance, offered by Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU), delves into the structure, functions, and challenges of urban governance in India. 

IGNOU BPAC 110 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

Course Structure:

  • Block-1 Urbanisation and Urban Development
  • Block-2 Legislative Framework, Election and Planning
  • Block-3 Municipal Functional Domain and Finances
  • Block-4 Urban Local Government
  • Block-5 Urban Local Governance: Innovative Practices, Challenges and Way Forward

Q.1 Explain the significance, role and responsibilities of the Urban Local Governments.

IGNOU BPAC 110 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Urban Local Governments (ULGs) are pivotal entities in urban governance, tasked with multifaceted responsibilities aimed at enhancing urban life quality and ensuring efficient service provision. Their significance lies in their central role in addressing the diverse needs of urban residents and steering the development of urban areas. Here's a breakdown of their roles and responsibilities:

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    Service Delivery: ULGs are primarily responsible for delivering essential public services vital for urban living standards. This encompasses services like water supply, sanitation, waste management, transportation, street lighting, and infrastructure maintenance. By ensuring equitable access to these services, ULGs contribute significantly to urban well-being.

    Urban Planning and Development: ULGs play a crucial role in shaping the physical landscape of urban areas through strategic planning and development initiatives. 

    IGNOU BPAC 110 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-This involves formulating land use plans, zoning regulations, and infrastructure projects to guide sustainable and orderly urban growth.

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    Local Governance and Representation: Serving as democratic institutions, ULGs represent the interests of urban residents and facilitate local decision-making processes. They engage in setting priorities, allocating resources, and fostering citizen participation, thus promoting transparency, accountability, and civic engagement in urban governance.

    Revenue Generation and Financial Management: ULGs are entrusted with generating revenue to sustain their operations and service delivery functions. This entails levying taxes, fees, and charges on urban properties and services, as well as securing grants and engaging in partnerships to finance urban infrastructure and development projects.

    Social Welfare and Community Development: ULGs play a vital role in addressing social challenges and fostering community well-being within urban areas. They may initiate programs targeting poverty alleviation, housing, employment, and cultural enrichment to enhance the quality of life for urban residents.

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    Environmental Management and Sustainability: ULGs are tasked with managing urban environmental issues and promoting sustainability practices. This involves implementing measures to combat pollution, manage waste, preserve green spaces, and mitigate climate change impacts, thereby fostering resilient and eco-friendly urban environments.

    IGNOU BPAC 110 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Management: ULGs play a critical role in ensuring urban safety and resilience in the face of emergencies and disasters. They develop emergency response plans, coordinate relief efforts, and provide support to affected communities, contributing to effective disaster preparedness, response, and recovery.

    Q.2 Discuss the modes of urban planning in India.

    Q.3 What are the major issues and challenges of urbanisation and development ?

    Q.4 Describe the role of functionaries of the Urban Local Government.

    Q.5 Discuss the major components and achievements under Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation.

    Q.6 Describe the state of municipal finance and suggest necessary methods to strengthen it.

    Q.7 Compare and discuss two statutory provisions and real position of the Karnataka Municipal Laws under the 74th Constitutional Amendment Act.

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    Q.8 Explain the role of State Election Commission in conducting municipal elections.

    Q.9 Examine the adequacy of financial resources for Urban Local Bodies to function effectively

    Q.10 Discuss the sources of revenue and resource mobilisation avenues of Urban Local Bodies

    Q.11 Describe the structure of Urban Local Government in India.

    Q.12 Explain the strategy of Smart City Mission and achievements under the scheme

    Q.13 Discuss the policy interventions and initiatives for providing basic services in the urban areas.

    Q.14 Explain the provisions under the 74th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992 and analyze the conformity legislation of 1994 passed by the Punjab State Legislature

    Q.15 Bring out the resource mobilization practices and financial innovations by the Urban Local Bodies in India



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