CFN 2 Solved Assignment 2021-22

CFN 2 Solved Assignment 2021-22

CFN 2 Solved Assignment 2021-22: CFN 2 Solved Assignment 2021-22 CFN 2 Assignment 2021-22 All IGNOU Assignment available at our website. IGNOU University always being in picture due to its IGNOU Assignment Date Extended. In this post Student will Get CFN 2 Solved Assignment 2021-22

CFN 2: Solved Assignment

Course Code: CFN 2

Language: English

Session: 2021-22 (July 2021 and January 2022)

Last Date of Submission: 31st March, 2022 (for July 2021 session)
30th September, 2022 (for January 2022 session)

Part B: Descriptive Type Question (60Marks) (40Marks) (60 Marks) All questions are compulsory

1. a) Water is an indispensable nutrient. Why?

Water is defined as an essential nutrient because it is required in amounts that exceed the body's ability to produce it. All biochemical reactions occur in water. It fills the spaces in and between cells and helps form structures of large molecules such as protein and glycogen. Water is also required for digestion, absorption, transportation, dissolving nutrients, elimination of waste products and thermoregulation (Kleiner 1999).

Water accounts for 50-80% of body weight, depending on lean body mass. On average, men have a higher lean body mass than women and higher percentage of body mass as water than in women. The relative mass of water decreases in both men and women with age. Human requirements for water are related to metabolic needs and are highly variable. They depend to some extent on individual metabolism.

Solid foods contribute approximately 20% of total water intake or about 700-800 mL (NNS 1995). The remainder of the dietary intake comes from free water and/or other fluids ( NHMRC 2003). An additional 250 mL or so of water is also made available to the body from metabolism (water of oxidation). The body must retain a minimal amount to maintain a tolerable solute load for the kidneys. Excluding perspiration, the normal turnover of water is approximately 4% of total body weight in adults. In a 70 kg adult, this is equivalent to 2,500-3,000 mL/day.

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Water losses from lungs and skin (insensible losses) are responsible for 50% of the total water turnover. They are sensitive to environmental conditions and can be increased at high temperatures, high altitude and low humidity. During summer, when heat stress may be high, water depletion can lead to heat exhaustion, loss of consciousness and heat stroke (Cheung et al 1998, Hubbard & Armstrong 1988). Unfit, overweight, older people may be especially at risk, particularly if they are subjected to strenuous exercise. Infants and dependent children may also be at risk if not offered sufficient fluids. The remainder of the losses are from urine and stools.

Dehydration of as little as 2% loss of body weight results in impaired physiological responses and performance. The reported health effects of chronic mild dehydration and poor fluid intake include increased risk of kidney stones (Borghi et al 1996, Hughes & Norman 1992, Iguchi et al 1990, Embon et al 1990), urinary tract cancers (Bitterman et al 1991, Wilkens et al 1996, Michaud et al1999), colon cancer (Shannon et al 1996) and mitral valve prolapse (Lax et al 1992) as well as diminished physical and mental performance (Armstrong et al 1985, Brooks & Fahey 1984, Brouns et al 1992, Cheung et al 1998, Kristel-Boneh et al 1988, Torranin et al 1979, Sawka & Pandolf 1990).

Oral health may also be affected by fluid consumption. Apart from the beneficial effects of fluoride added to tap water in many communities in Australia and New Zealand, fluid intake can affect saliva production. Saliva, which is primarily water, is essential for maintenance of oral health. Decreased body water has been associated with salivary dysfunction, especially in older adults. However, one investigation (Ship & Fischer 1997) found that decreased salivary gland function was associated with dehydration, independent of age.

Several factors increase the possibility of chronic, mild dehydration, including a poor thirst mechanism (Sagawa et al 1992, Sansevero 1997), dissatisfaction with the taste of water (Meyer et al 1994, Weissman 1997), consumption of common diuretics such as caffeine (Meyer et al 1994) and alcohol, participation in exercise (Convertino et al 1996) and environmental conditions (Sagawa et al 1992).

CFN 2 Solved Assignment 2021-22

Kidney function can decline as part of the normal ageing process with decrease in kidney mass, declines in renal blood flow and glomerular filtration rate, distal renal tubular diluting capacity, renal concentrating capacity, sodium conservation and renal response to vasopressin. This decline in kidney function together with hormonal changes and factors such as decreased thirst perception, medication, cognitive changes, limited mobility and increased use of diuretics and laxatives make older adults a group of particular concern ( NHMRC 1999). Numerous studies have shown diminished thirst sensations in the elderly. Despite the fact that these changes may be normal adaptations of the ageing process, the outcomes of dehydration in the elderly are serious and range from constipation to cognitive impairment, functional decline, falls or stroke.

Hydration status, assessed by plasma or serum osmolality is the indicator of choice to assess water requirements. However, the body's needs vary widely according to environmental conditions, physical activity and individual metabolism. The body can also compensate in the short term for over or under-hydration, so it is difficult to establish an EAR experimentally. There is no single level of water intake that would ensure adequate hydration and optimal health for half of all the apparently healthy people in the population, in all environmental conditions. Thus an AI has been established based on median population intakes in Australia.

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b) What is protein energy malnutrition? Give its causes and preventive measures. (3) (5)

2. a) Explain, how the following foods will be digested in the body:

i) Bread

ii) Butter (4)

b) Which are the intensive periods of growth? Why are they critical? (4)

3. a) Define the following terms: (2+2+2)

i) Toxemia ii) Measles

iii) Colostrum

b) How would you justify the food fallacy of deshi and English egg? (2)

4. a) Comment on the importance of nutrition for nursing mothers. (4)

b) What is weaning? At what age weaning foods should be started and what precautions should be taken while weaning an infant? (4)

5. a) How is infection and malnutrition related? (4)

b) What are the nutritional requirements of a school age children? How are they related to growth of children? (4)

6. a) “Breast milk is the best choice for infants”. Justify the statement.

b) Briefly explain the importance of anthropometric measures in assessing nutritional status. (3) (5)

7. a) What points you must keep in mind while planning a packed lunch? (3)

b) What are the various factors influencing the adolescent’s food intake? (3)

8. a) List the physiological changes that occur in later years of life (old age). (3)

b) What is the basis of formation of food habits? (3) 7

PART B (Practical Exercises) (40 Marks) There are four exercises in this part. You have to attend all the questions.

1. Plan a day’s diet for a lactating woman (0-6 months of lactation) . Also mention different points you would keep in mind while planning the diet for her. (10)

2. Plan two dishes that are high in protein and fibre suitable for pregnant women. Give the ingredients to be used and method of preparation. (10)

3. Record the weight and height of ten 5 year old children in your locality. Determine their growth status using the growth charts (You can refer to CFN-2, Block-5, and Unit-15). Comment on their health status. Record your observation in tabulated form. (10)

4. Make an inventory of your 3 days minute to minute activity. Then classify yourself as sedentary, moderate or heavy worker according to the average activity performed. (Refer to CFN-2, Block-1, Unit-2)

CFN 2 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2021-22: CFN 2 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2021-22, CFN 2 ASSIGNMENT 2021-22, CFN 2 ASSIGNMENT, CFN 2 ASSIGNMENT, IGNOU ASSIGNMENTS 2021-22- Gandhi National Open University has recently released the current session assignments for the Program for the year 2021-22. It is advised that students get their assignments directly from this website. They don't need to go anyplace else because all they need to know about Assignments is included inside this page.

CFN 2 SOLVED ASSIGNMENT 2021-22: CFN 2  SOLVED Assignment 2021-22, CFN 2  Assignment 2021-22, CFN 2  Assignment, IGNOU Assignments 2021-22- Gandhi National Open University had recently uploaded the assignments of the present session for Programme for the year 2021-22. Students are recommended to download their Assignments from this webpage itself. They don’t got to go anywhere else when everything regarding the Assignments are available during this article only.

CFN 2  Solved Assignment 2021-22: FREE IGNOU Assignment You can Get All students of university who needs to submit assignments should download old assignments of the respective course of 2021 available above and submit at the concerned study center. The last dates will be 30th April and 30th October of every year until their registration is valid. New assignments will not be available any more for students as course was revised.

IGNOU Assignment Status 2021-22

CFN 2 Solved Assignment 2021-22: Those students who had successfully submitted their Assignments to their allocated study centres can now check their Assignment Status. Alongside assignment status, they will also checkout their assignment marks & result. CFN 2 Solved Assignment 2021-22 All this is often available in a web mode. After submitting the assignment, you'll check you IGNOU Assignment Status only after 3-4 weeks. it'd take 40 days to declare.

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Those students who had successfully submitted their Assignments to their allocated study centres can now check their Assignment Status. Along with assignment status, they can also checkout their assignment marks & result. All this is available in an online mode. After submitting the assignment, you can check you IGNOU Assignment Status only after 3-4 weeks. It might take 40 days to declare.

Here the students can check their IGNOU Assignment Status, marks, result or both the sessions i.e; June & December. CFN 2 Solved Assignment 2021-22 Once the TEE assignments have been submitted to the Centres, it is send to the evaluation department. After which the evaluation of IGNOU Assignment Solutions takes place.

CFN 2 Solved Assignment 2021-22 Once the TEE assignments are submitted to the Centres, it's send to the evaluation department. After which the evaluation of IGNOU Assignment Solutions takes place.

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