IGNOU MPA 002 Solved Assignment 2023-24


MPA 002 Solved Assignment 2023-24

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Course Code: MPA 002

Assignment Code: MPA 002 ASST/TMA/2023-24

Marks: 100

NOTE: All questions are compulsory

Note: Attempt all the questions and submit this assignment to the Coordinator of yourstudy centre. Last date of submission for July 2023 session is 31st October, 2023 and for January 2024 session is 30th April 2024.

Section I

Q1) Discuss the nature and various types of man - made disasters.

Man-made disasters are events caused by human actions or negligence that result in widespread harm, damage, or destruction to property, environment, or human life. These disasters can occur due to various factors such as industrial accidents, infrastructure failures, technological mishaps, wars, terrorism, and environmental degradation. Understanding the nature and types of man-made disasters is crucial for implementing preventive measures and effective response strategies. Here are some common types of man-made disasters:

Industrial Accidents: These disasters occur in industrial facilities such as factories, chemical plants, and refineries due to equipment failures, human error, or improper handling of hazardous materials. Examples include explosions, chemical spills, and gas leaks.

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Technological Disasters: These disasters involve failures or malfunctions in technological systems such as transportation, communication, and energy networks. Examples include plane crashes, train derailments, and power grid failures.

Infrastructure Failures: Infrastructure failures result from the collapse or malfunction of essential structures such as bridges, dams, and buildings. These disasters can occur due to poor construction, lack of maintenance, or natural events such as earthquakes and floods.

Environmental Degradation: Human activities such as deforestation, pollution, and unsustainable land use practices contribute to environmental disasters such as soil erosion, desertification, and habitat destruction. These disasters have long-term impacts on ecosystems and biodiversity.

Terrorism: Acts of terrorism involve deliberate violence or threats to intimidate or cause fear among populations. Terrorist attacks can target civilian populations, infrastructure, or government institutions, resulting in casualties and widespread disruption.

Cyber Attacks: With the increasing reliance on digital technology, cyber attacks have become a significant threat to critical infrastructure, financial systems, and information networks. Cyber attacks can disrupt essential services, steal sensitive data, or cause economic damage.

Nuclear Accidents: Accidents or incidents involving nuclear facilities such as power plants or nuclear weapons can lead to radioactive contamination, environmental pollution, and health risks for nearby populations. Examples include the Chernobyl disaster and the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster.

War and Conflict: Armed conflicts, including wars, civil unrest, and military actions, can result in widespread destruction of infrastructure, displacement of populations, and loss of lives. War-related disasters also have long-term social, economic, and environmental consequences.

Humanitarian Crises: Man-made disasters such as famines, refugee crises, and displacement of populations often result from political conflicts, economic instability, or social unrest. These crises require coordinated humanitarian efforts to provide aid and support to affected populations.

Addressing man-made disasters requires a multi-faceted approach involving risk assessment, disaster preparedness, mitigation measures, and effective response and recovery strategies. Collaboration between governments, international organizations, communities, and private sectors is essential to minimize the impact of man-made disasters and build resilient societies.

Q2) What are the major causes and effects of biological disasters?

Q3) Describe the strategies to mitigate coal fire disaster.

Q4) Explain the types of building fires.

Q5) ‘Preparedness and response are important steps in oil fire management.’ Comment.

Section II

Q6) Discuss the ecological and health effects of air pollution.

Q7) Examine the impact of industrial effluents on environment and humans.

Q8) ‘Deforestation is causing multiple societal and environmental problems.’ Explain.

Q9) Examine the disaster management practices in rail accidents and suggest necessary measures to mitigate these disasters.

Q10) Discuss the causes and impacts of air accidents.

MPA 002 Handwritten Assignment 2023-24

MPA 002 Solved Assignment 2023-24: We provide handwritten PDF and Hardcopy to our IGNOU and other university students. There are several types of handwritten assignment we provide all Over India. We are genuinely work in this field for so many time. You can get your assignment done - 8130208920

Important Note - You may be aware that you need to submit your assignments before you can appear for the Term End Exams. Please remember to keep a copy of your completed assignment, just in case the one you submitted is lost in transit.

Submission Date :

31st March 2023 (if enrolled in the July 2023-24 Session)

30th Sept, 2023 (if enrolled in the January 2023-24 session).

IGNOU Instructions for the MPA 002 Assignments

MPA 002 UNDERSTADING MAN-MADE DISASTERS Assignment 2023-24 Before ate mpting the assignment, please read the following instructions carefully.

1. Read the detailed instructions about the assignment given in the Handbook and Programme Guide.

3. Write the course title, assignment number and the name of the study centre you are attached to in the centre of the first page of your response sheet(s).

4. Use only foolscap size paper for your response and tag all the pages carefully

5. Write the relevant question number with each answer.

6. You should write in your own handwriting.

GUIDELINES FOR IGNOU Assignment MPA 002023-24

MPA 002 Solved Assignment 2023-24 You will find it useful to keep the following points in mind:

1. Planning: Read the questions carefully. Go through the units on which they are based. Make some points regarding each question and then rearrange these in a STATISTICS IN PSYCHOLOGYal order. And please write the answers in your own words. Do not reproduce passages from the units.

2. Organisation: Be a little more selective and analytic before drawing up a rough outline of your answer. In an essay-type question, give adequate attention to your introduction and conclusion. The introduction must offer your brief interpretation of the question and how you propose to develop it. The conclusion must summarise your response to the question. In the course of your answer, you may like to make references to other texts or critics as this will add some depth to your analysis.

3. Presentation: Once you are satisfied with your answers, you can write down the final version for submission, writing each answer neatly and underlining the points you wish to emphasize.

IGNOU Assignment Front Page

The top of the first page of your response sheet should look like this: Get IGNOU Assignment Front page through. And Attach on front page of your assignment. Students need to compulsory attach the front page in at the beginning of their handwritten assignment.

ENROLMENT NO: …………………………

NAME: ………………………………………

ADDRESS: …………………………………

COURSE TITLE: …………………………

ASSIGNMENT NO: ………………………

STUDY CENTRE: …………………………

DATE: ………………………………………

MPA 002 Handwritten Assignment 2023-24

MPA 002 Solved Assignment 2023-24: We provide handwritten PDF and Hardcopy to our IGNOU and other university students. There are several types of handwritten assignment we provide all Over India. We are genuinely work in this field for so many time. You can get your assignment done - 8130208920

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