IGNOU MPA 003 Solved Assignment 2023-24


MPA 003 Solved Assignment 2023-24

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Course Code: MPA 003

Assignment Code: MPA 003 ASST/TMA/2023-24

Marks: 100

NOTE: All questions are compulsory

Note: Attempt all the questions and submit this assignment to the Coordinator of yourstudy centre. Last date of submission for July 2023 session is 31st October, 2023 and for January 2024 session is 30th April 2024.

Section I

Q1) Define Vulnerability and discuss its various factors.

Vulnerability can be understood as a state or condition of being exposed to the risk of harm, whether physically, emotionally, socially, or economically. It's a multi-dimensional concept that encompasses various factors, circumstances, and conditions that increase an individual's or a community's susceptibility to adverse effects from hazards or stressors. Here's a discussion on some of the key factors contributing to vulnerability:

Socioeconomic Factors: Economic status, access to resources, employment opportunities, and education level significantly influence vulnerability. Those living in poverty often lack resources to prepare for or recover from disasters, making them more vulnerable to their impacts.

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Geographical Location: Proximity to natural hazards such as earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, or areas prone to human-made disasters like industrial accidents or conflict zones can increase vulnerability. Coastal regions, for example, are more vulnerable to storms and sea-level rise.

Physical Factors: Age, gender, health status, and physical disabilities can increase vulnerability. Children, the elderly, pregnant women, and people with disabilities may have specific needs during emergencies or face higher risks due to their physical limitations.

Environmental Factors: Degraded ecosystems, deforestation, loss of biodiversity, and climate change contribute to vulnerability by exacerbating the frequency and intensity of natural disasters. Vulnerable populations often reside in areas with inadequate infrastructure, such as informal settlements or flood-prone regions.

Social Factors: Social networks, community cohesion, and governance structures play crucial roles in determining vulnerability. Strong social networks and community resilience can mitigate vulnerability by facilitating information-sharing, mutual assistance, and collective action during crises.

Political Factors: Marginalized groups, discrimination, political instability, corruption, and inadequate governance increase vulnerability. Socio-political factors influence access to resources, decision-making power, and the distribution of risks and benefits within society.

Technological Factors: Reliance on infrastructure, technology, and critical systems can create vulnerabilities, particularly if these systems are outdated, poorly maintained, or susceptible to cyber-attacks or technical failures.

Cultural Factors: Cultural beliefs, practices, and norms shape individuals' perceptions of risk, preparedness behaviors, and responses to disasters. Cultural factors can either enhance resilience or exacerbate vulnerability depending on how they influence adaptation strategies and community cohesion.

Understanding vulnerability requires considering these interconnected factors and recognizing that vulnerabilities are dynamic and context-specific. Addressing vulnerability involves implementing holistic strategies that address underlying drivers, build resilience, and promote inclusive and equitable development to reduce risk and enhance adaptive capacity.

Q2) Define Risk and discuss various elements at Risk.

Q3) Discuss the role of Science and Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction.

Q4) Discuss analytical systems for risk assessment.

Q5) Examine participative risk assessment methods.

Section II

Q6) ‘Poverty and Vulnerability are co-related.’ Discuss.

Q7) Bring to light socio-economic determinants of disaster loss.

Q8) ‘Urban planning comprises various issues.’ Comment

Q9) Describe cyclone preparedness with special reference to India.

Q10) Write a note on hazard design techniques.

MPA 003 Handwritten Assignment 2023-24

MPA 003 Solved Assignment 2023-24: We provide handwritten PDF and Hardcopy to our IGNOU and other university students. There are several types of handwritten assignment we provide all Over India. We are genuinely work in this field for so many time. You can get your assignment done - 8130208920

Important Note - You may be aware that you need to submit your assignments before you can appear for the Term End Exams. Please remember to keep a copy of your completed assignment, just in case the one you submitted is lost in transit.

Submission Date :

31st March 2023 (if enrolled in the July 2023-24 Session)

30th Sept, 2023 (if enrolled in the January 2023-24 session).

IGNOU Instructions for the MPA 003 Assignments

MPA 003 Risk Assessment and Vulnerability Analysis Assignment 2023-24 Before ate mpting the assignment, please read the following instructions carefully.

1. Read the detailed instructions about the assignment given in the Handbook and Programme Guide.

3. Write the course title, assignment number and the name of the study centre you are attached to in the centre of the first page of your response sheet(s).

4. Use only foolscap size paper for your response and tag all the pages carefully

5. Write the relevant question number with each answer.

6. You should write in your own handwriting.

GUIDELINES FOR IGNOU Assignment MPA 003023-24

MPA 003 Solved Assignment 2023-24 You will find it useful to keep the following points in mind:

1. Planning: Read the questions carefully. Go through the units on which they are based. Make some points regarding each question and then rearrange these in a STATISTICS IN PSYCHOLOGYal order. And please write the answers in your own words. Do not reproduce passages from the units.

2. Organisation: Be a little more selective and analytic before drawing up a rough outline of your answer. In an essay-type question, give adequate attention to your introduction and conclusion. The introduction must offer your brief interpretation of the question and how you propose to develop it. The conclusion must summarise your response to the question. In the course of your answer, you may like to make references to other texts or critics as this will add some depth to your analysis.

3. Presentation: Once you are satisfied with your answers, you can write down the final version for submission, writing each answer neatly and underlining the points you wish to emphasize.

IGNOU Assignment Front Page

The top of the first page of your response sheet should look like this: Get IGNOU Assignment Front page through. And Attach on front page of your assignment. Students need to compulsory attach the front page in at the beginning of their handwritten assignment.

ENROLMENT NO: …………………………

NAME: ………………………………………

ADDRESS: …………………………………

COURSE TITLE: …………………………

ASSIGNMENT NO: ………………………

STUDY CENTRE: …………………………

DATE: ………………………………………

MPA 003 Handwritten Assignment 2023-24

MPA 003 Solved Assignment 2023-24: We provide handwritten PDF and Hardcopy to our IGNOU and other university students. There are several types of handwritten assignment we provide all Over India. We are genuinely work in this field for so many time. You can get your assignment done - 8130208920

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