IGNOU MSWE 001 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU MSWE 001 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

MSWE 001 HIV AIDS, Stigma, Discrimination and Prevention explores the complex issues surrounding HIV and AIDS, with a particular focus on understanding and addressing stigma and discrimination faced by people living with HIV (PLHIV).

IGNOU MSWE 001 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

Course Structure:

  • Block-1 HIV and AIDS : Nature and Epidemiology
  • Block-2 HIV and AIDS in Special Populations
  • Block-3 Interventions
  • Block-4 Understanding and Responding to Stigma and Discrimination

Q.1 . Discuss the social and economic implications of HIV pandemic at the macro-level.

The HIV pandemic has had profound social and economic implications at the macro level, impacting societies, economies, and public health systems worldwide. From its emergence in the early 1980s to the present day, HIV/AIDS has posed significant challenges to global development, exacerbating inequalities, undermining economic productivity, and straining healthcare infrastructure. 

At the social level, HIV/AIDS has contributed to widespread stigma, discrimination, and social exclusion, particularly affecting marginalized populations such as sex workers, men who have sex with men, transgender individuals, people who inject drugs, and those living in poverty. 

The fear and misconceptions surrounding HIV/AIDS have fueled prejudice and discrimination, leading to social ostracization, denial of healthcare services, and violations of human rights. Stigmatization not only undermines the well-being and dignity of individuals living with HIV/AIDS but also hampers efforts to prevent transmission and provide essential care and support.

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Moreover, HIV/AIDS has had devastating effects on families and communities, leading to the loss of loved ones, disruption of social networks, and increased caregiving responsibilities. The illness and death of productive members of society, particularly young adults in their prime working years, have profound social and economic consequences, leaving behind orphaned children, elderly relatives, and widowed spouses who may struggle to cope with the emotional, financial, and social burdens of caregiving. The breakdown of traditional support systems and social cohesion further compounds the challenges faced by affected communities, exacerbating vulnerabilities and hindering resilience.

Furthermore, the HIV pandemic has intersected with other social determinants of health, exacerbating existing inequalities and disparities. Women and girls, in particular, bear a disproportionate burden of HIV/AIDS, accounting for more than half of all people living with HIV globally. 

Gender inequalities, including unequal access to education, economic opportunities, and healthcare services, contribute to women's heightened vulnerability to HIV infection and hinder their ability to protect themselves and access treatment and support services. Additionally, structural factors such as poverty, discrimination, and violence further exacerbate the risk of HIV transmission among marginalized populations, perpetuating cycles of marginalization and exclusion.

At the economic level, the HIV pandemic has significant implications for productivity, labor force participation, and economic growth. HIV/AIDS disproportionately affects individuals in their prime working years, leading to increased morbidity, mortality, and disability among the workforce. The loss of skilled workers and productive members of society not only reduces labor supply but also undermines human capital development and economic productivity, hindering efforts to achieve sustainable development goals.

Moreover, the direct and indirect costs of HIV/AIDS impose a heavy economic burden on individuals, families, communities, and governments. The high costs of antiretroviral therapy (ART), healthcare services, and supportive care place a strain on already overstretched healthcare systems, diverting resources away from other essential health priorities. Additionally, the loss of income and productivity resulting from illness, disability, and premature death further exacerbates poverty and inequality, trapping affected individuals and families in a cycle of socioeconomic deprivation.

Furthermore, the HIV pandemic has implications for macroeconomic stability, fiscal sustainability, and development financing. The economic costs of HIV/AIDS, including healthcare expenditures, lost productivity, and social welfare spending, can have far-reaching consequences for government budgets and public finances, particularly in low- and middle-income countries with limited resources and fragile health systems. 

The diversion of funds away from essential social services such as education, infrastructure, and poverty alleviation programs can impede progress towards achieving broader development objectives, perpetuating cycles of poverty and inequality.

Q.2 Sketch the HIV/AIDS vulnerability of workers in the unorganized sector.

Q.3 Highlight the Awareness/ Acceptance / Action Model to address stigma and discrimination. Q.4 Enlist and explain the elements of the value of teachership in social work.

Q.5 Discuss some of the potential resource providers in social work practice.

Q.6 List and explain some of the major elements of strengths-based practice.

Q.7 Examine the value of competence reflected in the code of ethics for social workers.

Q.8 How can loyalty towards profession be nurtured in social work ?

Q.9 Identify certain socio-cultural factors that increase the vulnerability to HIV infection.

Q.10 Highlight the necessary judicial response for maintaining confidentiality of the status of PLHA in India.

Q.11 Discuss the components of post-test counselling vis-a-vis HIV.

Q.12 Elucidate on the HIV vulnerability among 10 MSM.

Q.13 Discuss the history and controversial theories on the origin of HIV and AIDS.

Q.14 What do you mean by stigma ? Illustrate stigma and discrimination in the context of family and workplace.

Q.15 Highlight the challenges faced while developing communication strategies for HIV and AIDS prevention.


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