IGNOU MANI 003 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU MANI 003 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

MANI 003 Practicing Anthropology delves into the application of anthropological knowledge and expertise to address real-world issues and concerns. This dynamic field goes beyond theoretical frameworks and academic research, equipping individuals with the skills and tools to make a tangible impact in various sectors.

IGNOU MANI 003 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

Course Structure:

  • Block-1 Introducing Practicing Anthropology
  • Block-2 Practicing Anthropology And Progress
  • Block-3 Practicing Anthropology And Health
  • Block-4 Anthropometric And Physiological Dimensions And Practicing Anthropology
  • Block-5 Advanced Areas In Practicing Anthropology
  • Block-6 Diverse Arenas Of Practicing Anthropology
  • Block-7 Transforming Knowledge Into Praxis
  • Block-8 Project Work

Q.1 Discuss the role of anthropology in World War I and II. Did it assist in the growth of anthropology as an applied science ?

The involvement of anthropology in both World War I and II was multifaceted, impacting military strategies, post-war rehabilitation, and the growth of the discipline as an applied science. Anthropologists were called upon to provide insights into enemy cultures, aid in intelligence gathering, and contribute to psychological warfare efforts.

IGNOU MANI 003 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-During World War I, anthropologists were enlisted to study immigrant communities within enemy territories, helping to gauge loyalty and potential espionage threats. Notably, figures like Franz Boas in the United States and various British anthropologists conducted ethnographic research to understand enemy cultures better. Their findings informed military intelligence operations and propaganda efforts aimed at swaying public opinion.

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Anthropology also played a significant role in military medicine and psychology during World War I. Anthropologists examined the physiological and psychological impacts of warfare on soldiers and civilians, advancing techniques for treating trauma and understanding mental health issues. Additionally, their knowledge of human diversity influenced medical practices and strategies for disease management in diverse environments, ultimately enhancing military healthcare protocols.

IGNOU MANI 003 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Post-World War I, anthropologists continued to contribute to global reconstruction efforts and colonial governance. Their insights informed policies regarding indigenous rights, cultural preservation, and colonial administration in territories previously under the control of defeated powers. Figures like Bronisław Malinowski advocated for respecting local customs and autonomy in colonial governance, fostering greater cultural sensitivity in administration practices.

World War II further expanded anthropology's role as an applied science, with anthropologists serving in various capacities within military intelligence and propaganda. They conducted ethnographic research to aid military planning, particularly in understanding enemy cultures and devising effective strategies. Notable anthropologists like Ruth Benedict and Gregory Bateson contributed to studying Japanese culture to inform American military operations in the Pacific theater.

Anthropologists also played pivotal roles in psychological warfare and propaganda efforts during World War II. Margaret Mead, for instance, conducted research on cultural dynamics to advise the U.S. government on persuasive strategies. Additionally, anthropologists like Gregory Bateson and Margaret Mead were instrumental in developing psychological warfare techniques, leveraging cultural symbols to influence enemy perceptions and behaviors.

IGNOU MANI 003 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Post-World War II, anthropologists continued to shape policies and programs for post-war rehabilitation and nation-building efforts. Their expertise in assessing social and cultural impacts informed decisions regarding demilitarization, reconstruction, and governance. Anthropological insights into local customs and social structures were critical in crafting effective strategies for rebuilding societies devastated by conflict.

The involvement of anthropologists in both World War I and II facilitated the growth of anthropology as an applied science. Their experiences demonstrated the practical relevance of anthropological knowledge in addressing real-world challenges and informing policy decisions. Furthermore, wartime engagements fostered interdisciplinary collaborations and increased recognition of anthropology's contributions to understanding human diversity and social dynamics in times of conflict and recovery.

Q.2 What are the methods and techniques used by anthropologists to study health ? Elaborate.

Q.3 Are anthropological research tools suited for market research ? Show how these tools are used in organisational/consumer research.

Q.4 Discuss the applications of human genetics in society.

Q.5 What do you understand by disaster management ? Describe how anthropologists play a significant role in the management of disasters.

Q.6 Elaborate on the role played by anthropologists in capacity development.

Q.7 Discuss the relationship between kinanthropometry and anthropometry.

Q.8 Define practicing anthropology. Discuss, how practicing anthropology as a branch developed during the World Wars.

Q.9 Discuss the role played by anthropologists in capacity development.

Q.10 What do you understand by ethics ? Discuss the complications one faces in the use of ethics in practice research.

Q.11 Define health. Discuss critically the relationship between health and culture.

Q.12 Describe in detail the methods and measurements used in design anthropometry.

Q.13 What are the methodologies followed by practicing anthropologists in the field ? Discuss in brief the action research and collaborative research.

Q.14 What is kinanthropometry ? Discuss in detail the relevance and application of kinanthropometry.

Q.15 What do you understand by applied anthropology ? Discuss the role of anthropology in the world wars and their influence in the growth of applied anthropology.


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