IGNOU MANE 002 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU MANE 002 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU MANE 002 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-MANE 002 Human Growth and Development dives deep into the fascinating journey of human life, exploring the physical, cognitive, social, and emotional changes that occur from conception to old age. This multi-faceted field draws upon various disciplines like biology, psychology, sociology, and anthropology to paint a holistic picture of human development.

IGNOU MANE 002 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

Course Structure:

  • Block-1 Fundamentals of Human Growth
  • Block-2 Human Growth Stages
  • Block-3 Assessment of Growth
  • Block-4 Factors Influencing Growth
  • Block-5 Nutritional Anthropology
  • Block-6 Body Composition
  • Block-7 Human Physique
  • Block-8 Practicals

Q.1 Give a brief account of historical background of Human Growth and Development.

The historical journey of understanding human growth and development spans millennia, evolving through the lenses of philosophy, religion, science, and culture. From ancient philosophical ponderings to modern scientific inquiry, the exploration of human development has been shaped by diverse perspectives and influences across different civilizations and epochs.

IGNOU MANE 002 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-In antiquity, civilizations such as those in Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, and China contemplated human development through philosophical and medical lenses. Thinkers like Aristotle in ancient Greece mused on the stages of human life, while ancient medical traditions in China and India emphasized holistic approaches to health and well-being.

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During the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, insights into human development were intertwined with religious and philosophical beliefs, with scholars like Leonardo da Vinci making early anatomical observations. However, scientific inquiry was often constrained by religious doctrine and societal norms.

IGNOU MANE 002 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-The Enlightenment era marked a turning point, with an emphasis on empirical observation and scientific curiosity. Thinkers like John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau proposed influential theories on child development, underscoring the role of environment and experience. This period laid the groundwork for the emergence of developmental psychology and modern educational practices.

The 19th century witnessed significant strides in scientific understanding, spurred by advances in biology, medicine, and psychology. Darwin's theory of evolution and Mendel's work on genetics provided crucial insights into human variation and heredity. Meanwhile, psychologists like Wilhelm Wundt and Sigmund Freud delved into the complexities of human behavior and personality.

By the early 20th century, systematic research into human development gained momentum, with scholars like G. Stanley Hall and Arnold Gesell pioneering studies on child development. Their work laid the foundation for stage theories of development, which suggested that individuals progress through predictable sequences of growth and maturation.

IGNOU MANE 002 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-The mid-20th century saw a flourishing of interdisciplinary research, driven by advancements in genetics, neuroscience, and social sciences. The discovery of DNA structure and the emergence of developmental psychology led to a deeper understanding of the biological and psychological processes underlying human development.

In recent decades, interdisciplinary approaches have further enriched our understanding of human growth and development. Longitudinal studies, neuroimaging techniques, and cross-cultural research have shed light on the complex interplay of biological, psychological, and socio-cultural factors shaping human development across the lifespan.

Today, the study of human growth and development continues to evolve, with researchers employing diverse methodologies and perspectives. Interdisciplinary collaborations between scientists, educators, policymakers, and practitioners are paving the way for interventions and policies aimed at promoting optimal development and well-being for individuals and societies.

Q.2 What is the importance of body composition in Physical/Biological Anthropology ? Discuss.

Q.3 What is the importance of assessing nutritional status ? Briefly discuss the methods of assessing

Q.4 What do you understand by Multicentre Growth Reference Study (MGRS) ?

Q.5 Discuss someways to slow down aging process.

Q.6 Explain Nutritional status - a brief concept.

Q.7 What are the basic principles underlying body composition analysis using bioelectric impedance ?

Q.8 Discuss in brief various environmental factors affecting growth.

Q.9 Discuss the aim and scope of human growth and development.

Q.10 Give a brief account on the effect of pollutants on growth.

Q.11 Describe in brief the environmental factors affecting growth.

Q.12 Discuss the concept of nutrition and food habits.

Q.13 How would you assess body composition using anthropometry ? Discuss.

Q.14 'Discuss the relevance of human growth and development in physical anthropology.

Q.15 What- are-ways-of slowing-down-of-ageing-- process ? Discuss with suitable examples.


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