IGNOU BSOS 185 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU BSOS 185 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU BSOS 185 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-BSOS 185 is a course that explores the various ways in which visual media shapes and reflects society

IGNOU BSOS 185 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

Course Structure:

  • Block-1 Introduction to the Sociological Study of the Visual
  • Block-2 Sociology and the Practice of Photography
  • Block-3 Video and Film in Sociology
  • Block-4 Sociology, Multimedia and Hypermedia

Q.1 Write a brief note on the pioneers who used film and photography as part of their ethnographic work

In the realm of ethnographic exploration, several pioneers stand out for their innovative integration of film and photography into their fieldwork. These individuals not only expanded the horizons of ethnographic research but also transformed the documentation and understanding of diverse cultures. Among these trailblazers are luminaries such as Margaret Mead, Bronisław Malinowski, Edward S. Curtis, and Robert J. Flaherty, whose groundbreaking contributions continue to influence contemporary ethnographers, filmmakers, and photographers.

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IGNOU BSOS 185 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Margaret Mead, a renowned anthropologist known for her studies of Pacific Island cultures, recognized the potency of visual media in capturing the intricacies of human behavior and societal dynamics. During her expeditions to Samoa and other South Pacific islands in the early 20th century, Mead adeptly employed photography and film to document rituals, ceremonies, and daily life among indigenous populations. 

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Through her visual documentation, Mead aimed to convey the richness and diversity of human cultures, challenging prevailing Eurocentric notions about social norms and gender roles. Her pioneering use of visual media underscored the significance of preserving cultural heritage and fostering cross-cultural understanding.

Bronisław Malinowski, often hailed as the father of modern anthropology, revolutionized the discipline with his immersive approach to ethnographic research and innovative use of photography and film. While conducting seminal studies of the Trobriand Islanders in Papua New Guinea in the early 20th century, Malinowski recognized the complementary role of visual documentation alongside traditional ethnographic methods.
Armed with a camera and motion picture equipment, Malinowski meticulously captured the daily lives and social interactions of the Trobriand Islanders, enriching his ethnographic research with vivid visual records. His pioneering utilization of film as a research tool set a precedent for future ethnographers to incorporate visual media into their fieldwork practices.

Edward S. Curtis, a prominent photographer and ethnographer, embarked on an ambitious mission to document the fading cultures of Native American tribes across North America at the turn of the 20th century. Over three decades of extensive travel, Curtis photographed over 80 different tribes, preserving their customs, traditions, and ways of life. 

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His monumental project, The North American Indian, comprised tens of thousands of photographs, along with audio recordings and ethnographic observations. Despite facing criticism for romanticizing Native American life, Curtis's work remains a valuable resource for scholars and descendants seeking to reclaim and preserve cultural heritage.

IGNOU BSOS 185 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Robert J. Flaherty, often regarded as the father of the documentary film genre, revolutionized ethnographic filmmaking in the early 20th century. Inspired by his experiences living among the Inuit people of the Canadian Arctic, Flaherty crafted a cinematic portrait of their way of life in his seminal film, Nanook of the North (1922). Shot on location with handheld cameras and natural lighting, Nanook of the North offered audiences an intimate glimpse into the daily struggles and triumphs of an Inuit family. 

Despite criticisms of staged scenes and ethnographic accuracy, Flaherty's innovative approach laid the groundwork for a new era of documentary storytelling, emphasizing authenticity, empathy, and artistic expression.

Q.2 What do you understand by the term ‘reflexivity’ ?

Q.3 What are some of the handy tips to keep in mind while making an ethnographic film ?

Q.4 Write briefly on Daguerrotype photography.

Q.5 List the photographic studies undertaken in the field of visual sociology.

Q.6 What is the difference between film and video ?

Q.7 What do you understand by the term multimedia ?

Q.8 What does David MacDougall mean by the phrase ‘Whose Story is it’ ? Explain.

Q.9 What does photography represent according to Bourdieu ? Discuss.

Q.10 What does photography represent according to Bourdieu ? Discuss.

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Q.11 Give an account of Margaret Mead‟s contribution to Visual Anthropology.

Q.12 What do you understand by the term direct cinema ?

Q.13 How are family photographs used by Geraldine Forbes to talk about women ?

Q.14 Narrate some ethical considerations that must be part of ethnographic research.

Q.15 Write a note on the video ethnographic study of Sarah Pink.




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