IGNOU BSOS 184 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU BSOS 184 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

BSOS 184 Techniques of Ethnographic Film Making is a course offered by the Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) that introduces students to the principles and practices of making ethnographic films. Ethnographic films are documentaries that use visual and audio media to capture and explore the cultural practices, beliefs, and values of a particular group of people.

IGNOU BSOS 184 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

Course Structure:

  • Unit-1 Anthropology and Filmmaking: The Text and the Image
  • Unit-2 Different Modes of Filmmaking
  • Unit-3 Filmmaker and the Filmed: Relationship and Understanding "Ethics" 
  • Unit-4 Editing and Construction of Meaning
  • Unit-5 Understanding Multiple Shots and Camera Movements 
  • Unit-6 Filming Oral Testimonies, Interviews and Interaction: Final Film Projects 
  • Unit-7 Final Film Projects

Q.1 Explain how ethnographic texts are used for the production of a film.

Ethnographic texts play a crucial role in the production of films, serving as invaluable resources for filmmakers seeking to authentically portray various cultures, communities, and social phenomena. These texts, which encompass a wide range of materials including academic studies, fieldwork reports, anthropological writings, and personal accounts, provide filmmakers with rich insights into the traditions, beliefs, behaviors, and lifestyles of the subjects they wish to depict on screen. By delving into ethnographic texts, filmmakers can gain a deeper understanding of the historical, cultural, and socio-political contexts surrounding their subjects, allowing them to craft narratives that are both accurate and respectful.

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One way in which ethnographic texts inform the production of a film is by serving as sources of inspiration for storytelling and character development. Filmmakers often draw upon ethnographic research to create multidimensional characters that reflect the complexities and nuances of real-life individuals within a particular cultural or social setting. Through detailed descriptions, case studies, and ethnographic accounts, filmmakers can glean insights into the motivations, struggles, and aspirations of the people they seek to portray, thereby imbuing their characters with authenticity and depth.

IGNOU BSOS 184 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Moreover, ethnographic texts provide filmmakers with valuable visual and auditory references that aid in the recreation of authentic environments and cultural practices on screen. Detailed descriptions of landscapes, architecture, clothing, rituals, and everyday activities found in ethnographic accounts serve as invaluable guides for production designers, costume designers, and set decorators in accurately recreating the physical and cultural ambiance of a specific time and place. By meticulously studying ethnographic texts, filmmakers can ensure that every visual element—from the intricate patterns on a traditional garment to the architectural details of a village dwelling—is faithful to the cultural context being depicted.

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In addition to informing the visual aspects of filmmaking, ethnographic texts also play a crucial role in shaping the thematic and narrative structure of a film. By examining the themes, motifs, and cultural dynamics explored in ethnographic research, filmmakers can develop narratives that resonate with broader social and cultural issues while remaining grounded in the specific contexts of their subjects. Ethnographic texts often illuminate complex social relationships, power dynamics, and cultural tensions within a community, providing filmmakers with rich material for exploring themes such as identity, tradition, modernity, globalization, and resistance.

IGNOU BSOS 184 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Furthermore, ethnographic texts serve as essential tools for filmmakers in navigating the ethical and moral considerations involved in representing diverse cultures and communities on screen. By engaging with ethnographic research, filmmakers can gain insights into the sensitivities, taboos, and ethical guidelines governing the portrayal of specific cultural groups, thereby enabling them to approach their subjects with cultural sensitivity and respect. Ethnographic texts often document the perspectives and voices of the people being studied, allowing filmmakers to center the narratives of marginalized or underrepresented communities and challenge stereotypes and misconceptions.

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Beyond their role in the pre-production phase, ethnographic texts continue to inform the filmmaking process during production and post-production stages. Filmmakers may consult ethnographic materials on set to ensure authenticity in costume, language, behavior, and cultural rituals, collaborating closely with consultants or advisors from the communities being depicted to maintain accuracy and fidelity to the source material. Additionally, ethnographic texts may inspire improvisation or spontaneous moments of authenticity during filming, as actors and filmmakers draw upon their understanding of the cultural context to create more naturalistic performances.

IGNOU BSOS 184 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-During the post-production phase, ethnographic texts serve as reference points for editing, sound design, and music composition, guiding the creative decisions that shape the final aesthetic and emotional impact of the film. Filmmakers may incorporate traditional music, ambient sounds, or archival recordings referenced in ethnographic texts to evoke a sense of place and immerse audiences in the cultural milieu being portrayed. Furthermore, ethnographic texts may inform the selection of archival footage, photographs, or oral histories to supplement the narrative and provide additional context or historical background.

Q.2 Elucidate the contribution of anthropologists in ethnographic film making with an illustration

Q.3 Explain the relationships between media, meaning and ideology.

Q.4 Elaborate the various types of shots used in film making.

Q.5 Explain the strategies applied to film interviews.

Q.6 Analyse the relevance of photographs in anthropological research.

Q.7 Discuss various features of participatory documentary

Q.8 Explain the relation between film and film maker.

Q.9 What are the ethical challenges for a film maker ?

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Q.10 Discuss editing as a process and technique of film making.

Q.11 Explain how meaning is constructed in films

Q.12 Discuss the process of developing of ethnographic text

Q.13 Discuss the influence of structuralfunctionalism in ethnographic film making.

Q.14 Discuss various strategies used in filming oral history

Q.15 Discuss gender construction in film with suitable illustrations.




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