IGNOU BPCC 103 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU BPCC 103 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU BPCC 103 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-BPCC 103, Psychology of Individual Differences, offered by Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU), delves into the fascinating realm of what makes each person unique.

IGNOU BPCC 103 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

Course Structure:

  • Block-1 Individual Differences
  • Block-2 Intelligence and Aptitude
  • Block-3 Indian Thoughts in Psychology
  • Block-4 Motivation and Creativity
  • Block-5 Guidelines for Practical

Q.1 Enumerate the advantages and limitations of interview as a technique of personality assessment.

Interviews stand as a prominent method in personality assessment, offering unique advantages alongside inherent limitations. Through direct interaction between an interviewer and interviewee, interviews provide a platform for capturing rich qualitative data, shedding light on various aspects of an individual's personality. Below, we delve into the advantages and limitations of this approach in personality assessment.


Rich Qualitative Data: Interviews allow for a profound exploration of an individual's personality. Utilizing open-ended questions and probes, interviewers can gather detailed narratives, personal experiences, and insights into the interviewee's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.

IGNOU BPCC 103 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-This qualitative data offers a nuanced understanding of the individual's personality traits, motivations, and interpersonal dynamics.

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Flexibility: Interviews offer adaptability in tailoring questions and probes to the specific requirements and objectives of the assessment. Interviewers can adjust their approach based on the interviewee's responses, probing for clarification or elaboration as necessary. This flexibility ensures a personalized and responsive assessment process, ensuring that pertinent aspects of personality are thoroughly examined.

Establishing Rapport: The interpersonal nature of interviews facilitates the establishment of rapport between the interviewer and interviewee. This rapport creates a comfortable and supportive environment, fostering trust and openness. Consequently, interviewees are more inclined to disclose sensitive or private aspects of their personality, enriching the depth of the assessment.

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Contextual Understanding: Interviews provide insight into the contextual factors shaping an individual's personality. By delving into the interviewee's life experiences, relationships, cultural background, and social environment, interviewers can contextualize the individual's behavior and personality traits. This contextual understanding enhances the validity and comprehensiveness of the assessment.

Clinical Relevance: In clinical settings, interviews serve as a vital tool for evaluating personality disorders, psychopathology, and mental health concerns. Structured or semi-structured clinical interviews enable clinicians to systematically assess symptoms, diagnostic criteria, and functional impairments. This information informs treatment planning, intervention strategies, and therapeutic rapport establishment.


Subjectivity and Bias: Interviews are susceptible to subjectivity and bias, influenced by the perspectives, biases, and interpretations of both the interviewer and interviewee. Interviewers may inadvertently introduce bias through their tone, question phrasing, or nonverbal cues. 

IGNOU BPCC 103 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Likewise, interviewees may provide biased or socially desirable responses, compromising the accuracy and reliability of the assessment.

Demand Characteristics: Interviewees may alter their responses to align with perceived expectations or societal norms, known as demand characteristics. This can manifest as impression management, where individuals present themselves favorably or conform to perceived social norms. Consequently, interview data may be distorted by factors unrelated to the interviewee's genuine personality, challenging the validity of the assessment.

Limited Generalizability: Findings obtained from interviews may have limited generalizability beyond the specific context or population assessed. Interview data reflect the perspectives and experiences of the individuals interviewed, hindering extrapolation to broader populations or universal conclusions about personality traits. The subjective nature of interviews further restricts generalizability, as human experiences vary widely.

Time and Resource Intensive: Conducting interviews can be resource-intensive and time-consuming, particularly in settings with limited resources. Interviewers must allocate ample time for preparation, conducting interviews, and data analysis. Additionally, skilled interviewers are necessary, further adding to resource requirements. These factors may pose challenges in clinical or research settings with constrained resources.

Social Desirability Bias: Interviewees may present themselves in a socially desirable manner, distorting the accuracy of their responses. This bias can lead to inflated self-reports, underreporting of undesirable traits, and a lack of authenticity. 

IGNOU BPCC 103 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Social desirability bias undermines the validity of interview data, as responses may not authentically reflect the interviewee's true personality or psychological functioning.

 Q.2 Analyze the usefulness of projective tests for assessing personality

Q.3 Discuss the ethical guidelines for psychological assessment.

Q.4 Discuss observation as a method for personality assessment and point out their advantages.

Q.5 Compare aptitude with intelligence, achievement and interest

Q.6 Discuss some multiple aptitude test batteries.

Q.7 Discuss the advantages and limitations of aptitude tests.

Q.8 Explain the differential approaches to creativity.

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Q.9 Analyze the Investment and Confluence Theory of creativity.

Q.10 Compare aptitude with intelligence, achievement and interest.

Q.11 Discuss the advantages and limitations of aptitude tests.

Q.12 Critically examine the psychometric and cognitive approaches to understand the nature of intelligence

Q.13 Examine the role of heredity and environment in the development of intelligence.

Q.14 Elaborate the different components of emotional intelligence

Q. 15 Differentiate theory of multiple intelligences from the unitary theory of intelligence. Explain the educational implications of Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences.


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