IGNOU MPYE 015 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU MPYE 015 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

MPYE-015, "Gandhian Philosophy," delves into the rich and influential philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi, exploring his ideas on nonviolence, social justice, and human liberation.

IGNOU MPYE 015 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

Course Structure:

  • Block 1: Introduction to Gandhian Philosophy: Introduces the life, works, and key concepts of Gandhi's philosophy.
  • Block 2: Political and Social Philosophy: Examines Gandhi's ideas on nonviolence, democracy, swaraj, and social justice movements.
  • Block 3: Economic and Environmental Philosophy: Explores Gandhi's views on self-sufficiency, sustainable development, and environmental protection.
  • Block 4: Relevance of Gandhian Philosophy: Analyzes the ongoing relevance of Gandhi's ideas in addressing contemporary challenges like poverty, conflict, and environmental degradation.

Q.1 Examine Gandhian ideas of social equality with special reference to the problem of untouchability and empowerment of women.

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi, was a prominent leader of the Indian independence movement and a staunch advocate of social equality. His philosophy of non-violence, or ahimsa, and his commitment to truth, or satyagraha, formed the basis of his approach to social reform. Gandhi's ideas on social equality were particularly significant in addressing issues like untouchability and the empowerment of women, which were deeply entrenched in the social fabric of India during his time.

IGNOU MPYE 015 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-One of Gandhi's central principles was the inherent dignity and equality of all individuals, irrespective of caste, class, or gender. He vehemently opposed the practice of untouchability, a deeply entrenched social evil that relegated certain communities to the margins of society. In his pursuit of social equality, Gandhi emphasized the need to eradicate untouchability and uplift the oppressed classes. He referred to the untouchables as "Harijans," meaning the children of God, aiming to remove the stigma associated with their social status.

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Gandhi advocated for the inclusion of untouchables in all aspects of social life, including education, public spaces, and religious institutions. He promoted the idea of inter-caste marriages to break down the barriers between different communities. The upliftment of the untouchables was integral to his vision of a just and equitable society. To actualize this vision, he launched various campaigns and movements, such as the Temple Entry Movement, urging for the access of untouchables to Hindu temples.

Gandhi's approach to social equality also extended to the empowerment of women. In a society where women faced systemic discrimination and were often confined to traditional roles, Gandhi championed their cause. He recognized that the upliftment of women was essential for the overall progress of society. Gandhi advocated for women's education, economic independence, and active participation in public life. He believed that women should have an equal say in shaping the destiny of the nation.

IGNOU MPYE 015 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Gandhi's emphasis on women's empowerment was not merely limited to rhetoric; he actively supported women's participation in the freedom struggle. Women became integral to the non-violent protests led by Gandhi, and he encouraged their involvement in civil disobedience movements. The Salt March of 1930, a pivotal event in the Indian independence movement, saw the active participation of women, breaking gender norms and highlighting their role in the fight against colonial rule.

Furthermore, Gandhi emphasized the importance of self-reliance and economic empowerment for women. He advocated for cottage industries and handspinning as a means for women to contribute to the economic well-being of their families and communities. The spinning wheel, or charkha, became a symbol of economic independence and self-sufficiency, with women playing a central role in this movement.

IGNOU MPYE 015 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-However, it is important to note that Gandhi's views on women's rights were not entirely without controversy. Some critics argue that his ideas, particularly those regarding women's roles in the domestic sphere, reflected traditional and conservative values. Nevertheless, Gandhi's overall commitment to the empowerment of women and his efforts to challenge the prevalent norms of his time were undeniably groundbreaking.

Mahatma Gandhi's ideas of social equality were deeply rooted in his commitment to non-violence, truth, and the inherent dignity of every individual. His tireless efforts to eradicate untouchability and empower women were pivotal in reshaping the social fabric of India during the independence movement. While some aspects of his views may be viewed through a critical lens, Gandhi's legacy as a social reformer and advocate for the marginalized remains a crucial chapter in the history of social justice in India. His principles continue to inspire movements for equality and justice around the world.

Q.2 Explain the importance of Swaraj and Swadeshi in Gandhian thought

Q.3 Analyse the role of faith and reason in Gandhian thought.

Q.4 Explain briefly the ethical teachings of Gandhi.

Q.5 Discuss the meaning, goals and philosophical foundations of Sarvodaya.

Q.6 Examine the concept of God in Gandhian thought.

Q.7 Explain Gandhi’s vision of religious harmony.

Q.8 Reflect on the role of education in creating a peaceful world.

Q.9 Discuss the role of reason and faith and their relative merits from the Gandhian perspective.

Q.10 Explain briefly the ethical teachings of Gandhi.  

Q.11 Examine the relevance of non-violence and the technique of Satyagraha in Gandhian thought.

Q.12 Discuss the important features of Sarvodaya and highlight its difference from socialism and communism.

Q.13 Reflect on the role of peace education in creating a peaceful world.

Q.14 Examine Gandhi's views on Caste system and Untouchability.

Q.15 Briefly explain the salient features of the concept of God in Gandhian thought.



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