IGNOU MPYE 012 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU MPYE 012 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

MPYE-012 is indeed the course code for "Tribal Philosophy" offered by the Master of Arts in Philosophy program at IGNOU. It delves into the rich and diverse worldviews and ideas of various tribal communities around the world.

IGNOU MPYE 012 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

Course Structure:

  • Block 1: Historico-Social Basis of Tribal Philosophy: Introduces the concept of tribal societies, their cultural diversity, and historical backgrounds.
  • Block 2: Philosophy as World-View and Outlook: Examines how tribal communities understand the world, their place within it, and their relationship with nature and the supernatural.
  • Block 3: Political and Economic Philosophy: Explores tribal concepts of leadership, governance, resource sharing, and economic practices.
  • Block 4: Religious Philosophy: Delves into tribal spiritual beliefs, rituals, and practices, including indigenous knowledge systems and healing traditions.

Q.1 Give an account of Adivasi contributions to Indian civilization.

The Adivasi communities, often referred to as India's indigenous people, have a rich and diverse cultural heritage that spans millennia. While mainstream narratives have often overlooked their contributions to Indian civilization, a closer examination reveals that Adivasis have played a significant role in shaping the cultural, social, and environmental fabric of the subcontinent. 

IGNOU MPYE 012 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-From their sustainable agricultural practices to unique art forms and spiritual beliefs, Adivasi contributions are deeply intertwined with the history and development of India.

Adivasi communities are known for their profound connection to nature, and this is reflected in their sustainable agricultural practices. For centuries, Adivasis have practiced traditional farming methods that prioritize harmony with the environment. They have developed intricate knowledge of local ecosystems, soil types, and weather patterns, allowing them to cultivate diverse crops in a sustainable manner. 

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Crop rotation, agroforestry, and water conservation techniques employed by Adivasi farmers demonstrate a profound understanding of ecological balance. These sustainable practices not only ensure food security for the communities but also contribute to the overall ecological health of the regions they inhabit.

IGNOU MPYE 012 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Moreover, Adivasis have made significant contributions to the biodiversity of the Indian subcontinent. Their traditional knowledge of medicinal plants, herbs, and other flora has not only been crucial for their own healthcare but has also enriched the broader medicinal practices in India. 

Many traditional Indian medicinal systems, such as Ayurveda, draw upon the extensive knowledge of Adivasi communities regarding the healing properties of various plants. The Adivasi understanding of the intricate relationships between plants, animals, and humans has provided valuable insights into sustainable and holistic approaches to healthcare.

IGNOU MPYE 012 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-In the realm of art and craftsmanship, Adivasis have a rich heritage that reflects their unique cultural identity. Their art forms, including intricate wood carvings, vibrant paintings, and distinctive tribal jewelry, are not only aesthetically pleasing but also carry deep cultural significance. These artistic expressions often narrate stories of the community's history, folklore, and spiritual beliefs. 

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The Warli paintings of Maharashtra, the Gond art of Madhya Pradesh, and the Pithora paintings of Gujarat are just a few examples of Adivasi artistic traditions that have garnered national and international recognition. These art forms not only contribute to India's diverse cultural landscape but also serve as a testament to the Adivasi communities' creativity and craftsmanship.

Spirituality and religious beliefs play a crucial role in shaping the cultural identity of Adivasi communities. The diverse tribal religions and animistic belief systems are deeply rooted in nature worship, reflecting a harmonious relationship between humans and the environment. Adivasis believe in the sacredness of forests, rivers, and mountains, considering them integral to their spiritual existence. 

The rituals, festivals, and ceremonies of Adivasi communities often revolve around nature and its cycles. These spiritual practices not only provide a sense of identity and belonging but also emphasize the importance of environmental conservation and sustainable living.

Adivasis have also contributed significantly to India's linguistic diversity. The various Adivasi languages and dialects spoken across the country are integral to the linguistic tapestry of India. These languages carry the nuances of Adivasi culture, reflecting their unique worldview, social structures, and historical experiences. While some Adivasi languages have faced challenges due to globalization and mainstream cultural assimilation, efforts to preserve and promote these languages are essential for safeguarding the rich linguistic diversity of the Indian subcontinent.

IGNOU MPYE 012 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-The role of Adivasis in the struggle for India's independence cannot be overlooked. Many Adivasi leaders and communities actively participated in the freedom movement, fighting against colonial rule and exploitation. Their resistance movements, often rooted in the defense of their land, resources, and cultural autonomy, played a crucial role in shaping the political landscape of pre-independence India. Birsa Munda, a prominent Adivasi leader from Jharkhand, led the Munda Rebellion against British rule in the late 19th century. 

The Adivasi communities' contributions to the freedom struggle demonstrate their commitment to justice, self-determination, and a vision of an inclusive and equitable society.

However, despite these significant contributions, Adivasi communities have faced historical injustices, discrimination, and marginalization. The exploitation of their lands and resources, often for commercial interests, has led to displacement, loss of livelihoods, and environmental degradation. The struggle for land rights and the right to self-determination continues to be a central issue for many Adivasi communities across India.

IGNOU MPYE 012 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-In recent times, there has been a growing recognition of the need to address the historical injustices faced by Adivasis and to promote their socio-economic and cultural rights. Government initiatives, NGOs, and civil society organizations are working towards empowering Adivasi communities, ensuring their participation in decision-making processes, and preserving their unique cultural heritage. 

Efforts to bridge the gap in education, healthcare, and economic opportunities are essential for creating an inclusive and just society where Adivasi contributions are acknowledged and valued.

Q.2 Explain the world - view , values and moral outlook of the tribals.

Q.3 Examine the causes of tribal displacement and migration in India and explain the impact of displacement on the life and life style of the tribals.

Q.4 What is Eschatology ? Explain the tribal understanding of ' human soul '.

Q.5 How tribals are subjugated by main stream religions ? Illustrate with examples from Hindu Epics.

Q.6 Illustrate tribal cosmogonies and cosmologies with examples from any two tribal groups.

Q.7 What are the constituents of tribal identity ? Explain the factors challenging tribal identity.

Q.8 Enumerate variety and diversity of religious practices among tribals with examples.

Q.9 Explain the economic and cultural situation of tribals today.

Q.10 Discuss the functions of tribal aesthetics.

Q.11 Elucidate the tribal movements in British India.

Q.12 Explain Christian movements relating to tribals.

Q.13 Discuss the Council of Five People in tribal society

Q.14 Elucidate the tribal values and moral outlook.

Q.15 Explain the forms of tribal art.



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