Wednesday, July 14, 2021

The emerging Indo-US relations, analyse how the partnership will serve India’s geostrategic interests

The emerging Indo-US relations, analyse how the partnership will serve India’s geostrategic interests.

The emerging Indo-US relations, analyse how the partnership will serve India’s geostrategic interests. Recently, the US President, Donald Trump visited India. While only three of the nine US Presidents during 1947-2000 visited India, every President within the last 20 years has visited India a minimum of once.

Many reasons might be ascribed to the upper frequency of visits — a shift in global geopolitics within the post-Cold War era, India’s economic ascent, the increase of an assertive China, and India's place on the worldwide dining table . Relations between India and therefore the US have transformed from being Estranged democracies (during the cold war) to Strategic partners (in the Post-cold war era).

During the conflict , India got tilted towards the Soviet Union after If the 1971 Friendship Treaty, which was a response to the continuing U.S. tilt towards Pakistan and therefore the beginnings of convergence between US and China. at the present , India and US convergence is thanks to potentially hegemonic China within the Indo-Pacific region. In this context, the visit of the US president further cements the strategic convergence between India and therefore the US.

 

Divergence In India-US relations

Trade Deal: Trade has been a serious bone of contention between India and therefore the US. India has been referred by the US, as “tariff king” that imposes “tremendously high” import duties. The emerging Indo-US relations, analyse how the partnership will serve India’s geostrategic interests. Donald Trump formulated America First policy, on the economic dimension, it means reducing the U.S. 's trade deficits with major trading partners, including India. In pursuance of this:

In June 2019, the Trump administration decided to terminate India’s benefits under the Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) scheme, which provides preferential, duty-free access for over $6 billion worth of products exported from this country to the US.

Removal from the GSP list amidst rising trade tensions prompted India to finally impose retaliatory tariffs on several American imports. This made the US approach the WTO against India.

The office of the US Trade Representative (USTR) has underlined India’s measures to limit companies from sending personal data of its citizens outside the country as a “key” barrier to digital trade.

Also, the US has long demanded greater access to American agriculture and dairy products. For India, protecting its domestic agriculture and dairy interests was a serious reason to steer out of the RCEP agreement.

US-Pakistan Equation: US has softened its position on Pakistan within the last seven months, thanks to the role Pakistan can play within the Afghan deal (between the US and therefore the Taliban), likely to be signed on leap day , 2020.

In return, Pakistan wants the US to interact with India on the Kashmir issue (internationalising the Kashmir issue). The emerging Indo-US relations, analyse how the partnership will serve India’s geostrategic interests. Whereas India maintains the view that Kashmir may be a bilateral issue between India and Pakistan and no third party are often engaged in it.

Internal Issues in India: India-US strong strategic partnership is additionally supported a thought of “shared values” of democracy, rule of law, religious freedom and protection of minorities. However, the revocation of Article 370, the new citizenship law and therefore the NRC is testing this “shared values” principle.

Though the US president maintained that these matters are internal to India, criticism from the Congress and a few parts folks civil society is pushing the US administration to inform India to bring Kashmir to normalcy and not plow ahead with the new citizenship law followed by the NRC.

 

Convergence in Indo-US relations

In the post-cold war era, India's relationship with the US on defence and strategic issues has strengthened. this will be reflected within the following:

A foundational military agreement that permits for the sharing of encrypted communications and equipment (COMCASA- Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement).

A change in U.S. export control laws that places India during a privileged category of NATO and non-NATO U.S. allies.

The signing of an Industrial Security Annex which will leave greater collaboration among the 2 countries’ private defence industries.

The bilateral Strategic Energy Partnership was launched in April 2018 under which India has started importing crude and LNG from the US. Now, the US is India’s sixth-largest source of petroleum imports and hydrocarbons.

Inauguration of the primary India-US tri-service military exercise and expansion of existing military exercises.

Inclusion of India and South Asia within the US Maritime Security Initiative.

These intense engagement has helped achieve robust support from the US against terrorism.

This was evident after the Pulwama attack, resulting in the designation of Jaish-e-Mohammad chief Masood Azhar as a worldwide terrorist under UN Security Council Resolution 1267.

Also, placing Pakistan on the grey-list of the Financial Action Task Force.

The US under its Pivot to Asia policy views India as a perfect balancer to see the aggressive rise of China. Therefore, the US has formulated the concept of Indo-Pacific to counter China within the South China Sea and therefore the Indian Ocean .

The US has designated India as an integral a part of the Indo-pacific narrative by the conception of Quad.

The emerging Indo-US relations, analyses how the partnership will serve India’s geostrategic interests. The emerging Indo-US relations , analyses how the partnership will serve in India

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