Wednesday, April 22, 2020

Research Process Notes for UGC NET Paper 1


Research Process

Research process contains a series of closely related activities which has got to perform by a researcher. Research process requires patients. there's no measure that shows your research is that the best. it's an art instead of a science. Following are the most steps in social or business research process.



  • Selection of Research Problem
  • Extensive Literature Survey
  • Making Hypothesis
  • Preparing the Research Design
  • Sampling
  • Data collection
  • Data Analysis
  • Hypothesis Testing
  • Generalization and Interpretation
  • Preparation of Report


Selection of Research Problem
The selection of topic for research may be a difficult job. once we select a title or research statement, then other activities would be easy to perform. So, for the understanding thoroughly the matter it must need to ask colleagues, friend, experts and teachers. The research topic or problem should be practical, relatively important, feasible, ethically and politically acceptable.



Literature Review or Extensive Literature Survey
After the choice of research problem, the second step is that of literature mostly connected with the topics. the supply of the literature may bring ease within the research. For this purpose academic journals, conference and govt. reports and library must be studied.

ugc net notes, research notes for ugc net


Making Hypothesis
The development of hypothesis may be a technical work depends on the researcher experience. The hypothesis is to draw the positive & negative cause and effect aspects of a drag . Hypothesis narrows down the world of a search and keep a researcher on the proper path.



Preparing the Research Design
After the formulation of the matter and creating hypothesis for it, research Design is to organize by the researcher. it's going to draw the conceptual structure of the matter . Any sort of research design could also be made, depend upon the character and purpose of the study. Daring R. Design the knowledge about sources, skill, time and finance is taken into consideration.

Sampling
The researcher must design a sample. it's an idea for taking its respondents from a selected areas or universe. The sample could also be of two types:
1. Probability Sampling
2. Non-probability Sampling

Data collection

Data collection is that the most vital work, is researcher. the gathering of data must be containing on facts which is from the subsequent two sorts of researcher.



Primary Data Collection: Primary data could also be from the subsequent .
Experiment
Questionnaire
Observation
Interview

Secondary data collection: it's the subsequent categories:
Review of literature
Official and non-official reports
Library approach

Data Analysis

When data is collected, it's forwarded for analysis which is that the most technical job. Data analysis could also be divided into two main categories.
Data Processing: it's sub-divided into the subsequent .
Data editing, Data coding, Data classification, Data tabulation, Data presentation, Data measurement
Data Exposition: Date Exposition has the subsequent sub-categories.


Hypothesis Testing
Research data is then forwarded to check the hypothesis. Do the hypothesis are associated with the facts or not? to seek out the solution the method of testing hypothesis is undertaken which can end in accepting or rejecting the hypothesis.



Generalization and Interpretation
The acceptable hypothesis is feasible for researcher to arrival at the method of generalization or to form & theory. Some sorts of research has no hypothesis that researcher depends upon on theory which is understood as interpretation.

Preparation of Report
A researcher should prepare a report that he has done is his work. He must confine his mind the subsequent points:

Report Design in Primary Stages
The report should carry a title, brief introduction of the matter and background followed by acknowledgement. There should be a table of contents, grapes and charts.

Main Text of the Report
It should contain objectives, hypothesis, explanations and methodology of the research. It must be divided into chapters and each chapter explains separate title during which summary of the findings should be enlisted. The last section would be clearly of conclusions to point out the most theme of the R-study.

Closing the Report
After the preparation of report, the last step in business research process contains of bibliography, references, appendices, index and maps or charts for illustration. For this purpose the knowledge should more clearer.



Research Aptitude 


Research Ethics 
Reading Comprehension
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