Monday, April 13, 2020

Research Aptitude Notes for UGC NET Paper 1


Research Aptitude may be a vital topic of UGC NET Paper-I exam and therefore the weightage of this subject was increased within the NTA NET exam of December 2020 from the sooner standard of 5 questions. So, prepare this subject during a far better way with these expert-designed study notes on research aptitude for UGC NET Paper-I exam. The UGC NET research aptitude notes shared below will help students clear their basic concepts of this subject and prepare it during a far more effective manner.



Research: Meaning, characteristics, and types.
Steps of Research
Research Ethics
Methods of Research

What is Research?

The term, itself, suggests that we are searching ‘something’ which is there but remains unknown to us. Research stands for Re meaning 'again' and search 'to find'. So, Research means to seek out out something new within the topic that already existed.


It is a search taken for locating new information about the items we already know.
It is a scientific enquiry and has got to be systematic, for searching important information on a selected topic.
It also can be mentioned as a ‘voyage of discovery’. By and enormous , it's a tutorial activity but has implications for real-life situations like policymaking.
So, we will sum up the meaning of research as:
An attitude of inquiry/search/investigation,
A scientific and objective effort made to uncover facts,
Hence, requires the appliance of scientific methods.

(a). Some important definitions
Here are a number of the definitions by renowned researchers and students which will assist you to grasp the meaning of research more eloquently:

Young PV defines it as,
“Research could also be defined because the systematic method of discovering new facts or verifying old facts, their sequences, interrelationships, causal explanations and therefore the natural laws which govern them.”

Kerlinger defines it as,
“Research is systematic, controlled, empirical and important investigation of hypothetical propositions about the presumed relations among phenomenon .”

John W. Best defines it as,
“Research is that the systematic and objective analysis and recording of controlled observations which will leave to development of generalizations, principles or theories end in prediction and possibly ultimate.



(b). Characteristics of Research: a number of the characteristics of research are (remember all that you simply have learned from the meaning and definition so far): 
  • It is a scientific investigation.
  • By scientific, we mean that it requires the utilization of scientific methods and procedures. That is, methods and procedures which are tried and tested; and may produce similar or somewhat similar results on each application.
  • The results or information that we get through scientific methods are often wont to develop concepts and theories of their own.
  • The findings of research might not be an instantaneous solution (but has academic relevance) of a drag . Although, it projects or recommends some solutions sometimes.
  • Good research findings and reports help in deciding . It also adds to the given stock of data or the body of existing knowledge.


(c). sorts of Research

1. Fundamental Research
Also referred to as basic or pure research.
This kind of research helps to get new information during a fundamental fashion.
This is generally supported the principle of generalization. Sometimes, it can experiment during a laboratory also.
Fundamental research can form in two ways- either within the sort of a replacement theory or development of some existing theory.
Darwin’s theory of evolution is an example of fundamental research. However, the later or alternative theories given by other researchers also can be considered to be fundamental research, for it builds on the elemental theory.

2. Applied Research
Theories developed by fundamental research are further applied to actual operational fields or population.
Applied research is beneficial because it provides convincing evidence to 2. Applied Research
Theories developed by fundamental research are further applied to actual operational fields or population.


Applied research is beneficial because it provides convincing evidence to the usefulness of basic research or theory.
It aims at collection of knowledge for verifying existing theories and models.
It helps to seek out an answer for real-life problems or situations. Adding to knowledge isn't the sole aim.
Marketing and medical research are samples of applied research.

research aptitude notes,


3. Action Research
As the name suggests, this type of research is action-oriented.
It is undertaken to seek out an instantaneous solution to a drag . Sometimes, the researcher himself or herself can take action and sometimes an authority takes the required steps or action.
Testing the purity of water in a neighborhood and taking necessary steps, thereof, to enhance the standard of water are often the instance of action research.



4. Descriptive Research
It is the outline of the state of affairs as they're , in their title . this suggests the researcher has no control over the variables. He or she should describe it because it is.
Some of the methods used for descriptive research are field surveys, case studies, and interviews.
Some also use the term ex-post facto research for this type of research, especially within the case of business and science research.
A qualitative study undertaken to find out about the preference of individuals to use toilets in rural India are often an example of descriptive research.

5. Analytical Research
This is supported the utilization of data already available to the researcher and making an analysis using logic and reasoning.
This is usually an in-depth study. This works under a constrained set of variables.
This requires the utilization of critical thinking and evaluation.
A study conducted to seek out the explanations for the decline of a currency value are often the instance of analytical research.



6. Quantitative Research
Quantitative research cares with numbers. it's administered to review a phenomenon which will be expressed in numbers.
Quantitative is typically deductive in nature and begins with a given theory.
Statistical concepts and software (such as STATA, R) are wont to perform this type of research.
A study undertaken to seek out out the amount of toilets built under Swaachh Bharat Mission is that the example of quantitative research.



7. Qualitative Research
Qualitative research is completed to review the phenomenon which will be explained beyond numbers, that is, during a qualitative manner.
Qualitative is typically inductive in nature and begins with a social reality followed by the development of the idea around it.
There is statistical software to review qualitative phenomenon also . for instance , SPSS is widely wont to perform large-scale qualitative research.
A study undertaken to find out about the experiences of youngsters with spastic paralysis are often an example of qualitative research.

8. Conceptual Research
Conceptual research is typically undertaken by philosopher or thinkers to reinterpret an existing idea. Although, some researchers use a conceptual framework to review business or market phenomenon also.
This kind of research doesn’t involve conducting experiments. it's abstract in nature.
Suppose a study finds out that the using social media over one hour each day are often linked to depression. this may be supported the conceptual framework formulated by the researcher and may be the instance of conceptual research.
Other than that, theories of gravitation, evolution, and motion also are conceptual ideas or research.
We will cover other important topics and preparation tips for Research Aptitude including ‘Steps of Research’ in our upcoming notes. Meanwhile, study these research aptitude notes thoroughly and gradeup your UGC NET Exam preparation.


Research Aptitude Notes
Teaching Aptitude test  
 Research Ethics

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