IGNOU MED 007 Solved Assignment 2024-25


MED 007 Solved Assignment 2024-25

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Course Code: MED 007

Assignment Code: MED 007 ASST/TMA/2024-25

Marks: 100

NOTE: All questions are compulsory

Note: Attempt all the questions and submit this assignment to the Coordinator of yourstudy centre. Last date of submission for July 2023 session is 31st October, 2023 and for January 2024 session is 30th April 2024.

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Q1. Describe soil erosion processes and ways and means to prevent and control soil erosion.

Soil erosion is a natural process whereby soil particles are detached, transported, and deposited elsewhere by the action of wind, water, or gravity. However, human activities often exacerbate soil erosion, leading to significant environmental and agricultural problems. There are several types of soil erosion processes:

Water Erosion: This is the most common type of soil erosion and occurs when rainfall or irrigation water washes away soil particles. It can be further categorized into:

Sheet Erosion: Uniform removal of thin layers of soil across a large area.

Rill Erosion: Formation of small, shallow channels caused by the flow of water.

Gully Erosion: Formation of deeper channels or gullies due to concentrated water flow.

Wind Erosion: Occurs in arid and semi-arid regions where wind carries away dry, loose soil particles. Wind erosion is particularly problematic in areas with little vegetation cover.

Gravity Erosion: Also known as mass movement, this occurs when soil is transported downslope due to the force of gravity. Common forms include landslides and slumps.

Ways to prevent and control soil erosion:

Vegetative Cover: Planting vegetation such as grass, trees, shrubs, or cover crops helps stabilize soil and reduces erosion by intercepting raindrops, reducing surface runoff, and holding soil in place with root systems.

Contour Farming: Plowing and planting crops perpendicular to the slope contours, creating ridges and furrows that reduce water runoff and promote water infiltration.

Terracing: Constructing terraces or steps on steep slopes helps to reduce the speed of water flow and encourages water absorption, thereby minimizing erosion.

Mulching: Applying organic or synthetic mulch to the soil surface helps retain moisture, reduce water runoff, and protect the soil from erosion by shielding it from raindrop impact.

Cover Cropping: Planting cover crops during fallow periods helps maintain soil structure, reduce erosion, and prevent nutrient leaching.

Contour Buffer Strips: Planting strips of grass or other vegetation perpendicular to the slope at intervals along the contour lines to slow down water flow and trap sediment.

Soil Conservation Practices: Practices such as reduced tillage, crop rotation, and proper irrigation management help maintain soil health and reduce erosion.

Windbreaks: Planting rows of trees or shrubs perpendicular to prevailing wind directions helps to reduce wind erosion by disrupting airflow and trapping soil particles.

Soil Stabilization Techniques: Using techniques such as geotextiles, erosion control blankets, and retaining walls to stabilize soil on slopes and prevent erosion.

Education and Awareness: Promoting awareness among landowners, farmers, and the general public about the importance of soil conservation practices and their role in preventing erosion.

By implementing a combination of these techniques, soil erosion can be significantly reduced, helping to preserve soil fertility, protect water quality, and maintain ecosystem health.

Q2. Explain the various dimensions of technology transfer and the appropriate technologies for resource poor farmers.

Q3. “Agricultural waste is contradiction in terms.” Comment.

Q4. Differentiate between the following pairs:

a) Shelter belts and Windbreaks

b) Agroforestry and Social forestry

c) Composting and Vermicomposting

d) Food Security and Ecological Security

Q5. (i) List at least four management options to manage water logged lands.

(ii) What do you understand by the term drought? Briefly describe the three strategies to mitigate drought conditions.

Q6. (i) Explain the elements of integrated farming?

(ii) Explain organic agricultural system.

Q7. Define alternative agriculture. Discuss the important components of alternative agriculture?

Q8. Discuss the major socio-economic factors that influence the agricultural sector in India.

Q9. Discuss the policy measures required to boost agricultural productivity and rural prosperity.

MED 007 Handwritten Assignment 2024-25

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Important Note - You may be aware that you need to submit your assignments before you can appear for the Term End Exams. Please remember to keep a copy of your completed assignment, just in case the one you submitted is lost in transit.

Submission Date :

31st March 2023 (if enrolled in the July 2024-25 Session)

30th Sept, 2023 (if enrolled in the January 2024-25 session).

IGNOU Instructions for the MED 007 Assignments

MED 007 Agriculture and Environment Assignment 2024-25 Before ate mpting the assignment, please read the following instructions carefully.

1. Read the detailed instructions about the assignment given in the Handbook and Programme Guide.

3. Write the course title, assignment number and the name of the study centre you are attached to in the centre of the first page of your response sheet(s).

4. Use only foolscap size paper for your response and tag all the pages carefully

5. Write the relevant question number with each answer.

6. You should write in your own handwriting.

GUIDELINES FOR IGNOU Assignment MED 007023-24

MED 007 Solved Assignment 2024-25 You will find it useful to keep the following points in mind:

1. Planning: Read the questions carefully. Go through the units on which they are based. Make some points regarding each question and then rearrange these in a STATISTICS IN PSYCHOLOGYal order. And please write the answers in your own words. Do not reproduce passages from the units.

2. Organisation: Be a little more selective and analytic before drawing up a rough outline of your answer. In an essay-type question, give adequate attention to your introduction and conclusion. The introduction must offer your brief interpretation of the question and how you propose to develop it. The conclusion must summarise your response to the question. In the course of your answer, you may like to make references to other texts or critics as this will add some depth to your analysis.

3. Presentation: Once you are satisfied with your answers, you can write down the final version for submission, writing each answer neatly and underlining the points you wish to emphasize.

IGNOU Assignment Front Page

The top of the first page of your response sheet should look like this: Get IGNOU Assignment Front page through. And Attach on front page of your assignment. Students need to compulsory attach the front page in at the beginning of their handwritten assignment.

ENROLMENT NO: …………………………

NAME: ………………………………………

ADDRESS: …………………………………

COURSE TITLE: …………………………

ASSIGNMENT NO: ………………………

STUDY CENTRE: …………………………

DATE: ………………………………………

MED 007 Handwritten Assignment 2024-25

MED 007 Solved Assignment 2024-25: We provide handwritten PDF and Hardcopy to our IGNOU and other university students. There are several types of handwritten assignment we provide all Over India. We are genuinely work in this field for so many time. You can get your assignment done - 8130208920

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