IGNOU MED 004 Solved Assignment 2024-25


MED 004 Solved Assignment 2024-25

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Course Code: MED 004

Assignment Code: MED 004 ASST/TMA/2024-25

Marks: 100

NOTE: All questions are compulsory

Note: Attempt all the questions and submit this assignment to the Coordinator of yourstudy centre. Last date of submission for July 2023 session is 31st October, 2023 and for January 2024 session is 30th April 2024.

Q1. Discuss the philosophy of the participatory approach. Discuss how participatory rural appraisal techniques are used in the development.

The participatory approach to development is rooted in the philosophy of empowering communities to actively participate in decisions that affect their lives. It emphasizes the importance of involving local people in the planning, implementation, and evaluation of development projects. This approach acknowledges that communities possess valuable knowledge, skills, and resources that can contribute to sustainable development outcomes. By engaging community members as active participants rather than passive recipients of aid, the participatory approach aims to foster ownership, self-reliance, and empowerment.

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Participatory rural appraisal (PRA) techniques are a set of tools and methodologies used to facilitate community involvement in development initiatives. These techniques are designed to promote dialogue, collaboration, and shared decision-making between development practitioners and local communities. Some common PRA techniques include:

Participatory mapping: Community members create maps of their local area, identifying resources, infrastructure, and important landmarks. This helps to visualize the community's assets and challenges, providing a basis for planning and decision-making.

Focus group discussions: Small groups of community members discuss specific topics or issues relevant to the development project. This allows for in-depth exploration of local perspectives, priorities, and concerns.

Transect walks: Participants walk through the community, observing and documenting different aspects of the environment, such as land use patterns, natural resources, and social infrastructure. Transect walks help to understand the physical and social context of the community.

Seasonal calendars: Communities develop calendars that illustrate seasonal patterns and activities, including agricultural cycles, festivals, and migration patterns. This helps to identify opportunities and constraints for project implementation throughout the year.

Participatory wealth ranking: Community members collectively assess and rank households based on their relative wealth or socio-economic status. This information can inform targeting and prioritization of development interventions.

Visual techniques: Methods such as drawing, role-playing, and storytelling are used to encourage active participation, especially among marginalized groups such as women and children.

These PRA techniques enable development practitioners to gain a deeper understanding of local contexts, priorities, and capacities, which in turn informs the design and implementation of more contextually relevant and sustainable development interventions. By involving communities in every stage of the development process, from needs assessment to project evaluation, the participatory approach promotes transparency, accountability, and social cohesion. Additionally, by building local capacity and ownership, participatory development initiatives are more likely to have long-lasting positive impacts on the well-being of communities.

Q2. a) When was the Community Development (CD) Programme launched in India? What were the various ways in which it was the first of its kind to improve the people’s participation?

b) What are the various problems of departmental approach as in Pakistan’s development? Give any two important features of the Agha Khan Rural Support Programme (AKRSP).

Q3. What are the aims, mission and functions of SACEP? Give its organizational arrangement also.

Q4. With the help of a successful example of a women’s movement in protecting the environment discuss the role of women in environment and development.

Q5. a) Is hierarchy appropriate for organizing? In what way it may be lessened?

b) The following statement was made by a Chipko movement activist: “….The women’s and ecology movements are therefore one, and are primarily counter-trends to a patriarchal maldevelopment.” What is your opinion on the above comment?

Q6. Describe how the model “Reversals in Learning” help farmers in sustainable and equitable development.

Q7. a) What are the different types of financial assistance received by SACEP?

b) What are the policy directives of the trends in policy in Joint Forest management?

Q8. Discuss how Orangi Pilot Project can help to build a model urban developed unit in our country.

Q9. a) How can Participatory Forest Management help in the development of both, the people living on the edge of forest and the forest.

b) Describe how tourism and urbanization are destroying the mountain ecosystem. Suggest what measures are to be taken for sustainable mountain development

Q10. a) Differentiate between PIM and IMT.

b) How can coastal community’s participation help in ICM process?

c) What is the importance of wetland in our country and how it should be conserved?

MED 004 Handwritten Assignment 2024-25

MED 004 Solved Assignment 2024-25: We provide handwritten PDF and Hardcopy to our IGNOU and other university students. There are several types of handwritten assignment we provide all Over India. We are genuinely work in this field for so many time. You can get your assignment done - 8130208920

Important Note - You may be aware that you need to submit your assignments before you can appear for the Term End Exams. Please remember to keep a copy of your completed assignment, just in case the one you submitted is lost in transit.

Submission Date :

31st March 2023 (if enrolled in the July 2024-25 Session)

30th Sept, 2023 (if enrolled in the January 2024-25 session).

IGNOU Instructions for the MED 004 Assignments

MED 004 Towards Participatory Management Assignment 2024-25 Before ate mpting the assignment, please read the following instructions carefully.

1. Read the detailed instructions about the assignment given in the Handbook and Programme Guide.

3. Write the course title, assignment number and the name of the study centre you are attached to in the centre of the first page of your response sheet(s).

4. Use only foolscap size paper for your response and tag all the pages carefully

5. Write the relevant question number with each answer.

6. You should write in your own handwriting.

GUIDELINES FOR IGNOU Assignment MED 004023-24

MED 004 Solved Assignment 2024-25 You will find it useful to keep the following points in mind:

1. Planning: Read the questions carefully. Go through the units on which they are based. Make some points regarding each question and then rearrange these in a STATISTICS IN PSYCHOLOGYal order. And please write the answers in your own words. Do not reproduce passages from the units.

2. Organisation: Be a little more selective and analytic before drawing up a rough outline of your answer. In an essay-type question, give adequate attention to your introduction and conclusion. The introduction must offer your brief interpretation of the question and how you propose to develop it. The conclusion must summarise your response to the question. In the course of your answer, you may like to make references to other texts or critics as this will add some depth to your analysis.

3. Presentation: Once you are satisfied with your answers, you can write down the final version for submission, writing each answer neatly and underlining the points you wish to emphasize.

IGNOU Assignment Front Page

The top of the first page of your response sheet should look like this: Get IGNOU Assignment Front page through. And Attach on front page of your assignment. Students need to compulsory attach the front page in at the beginning of their handwritten assignment.

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NAME: ………………………………………

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MED 004 Handwritten Assignment 2024-25

MED 004 Solved Assignment 2024-25: We provide handwritten PDF and Hardcopy to our IGNOU and other university students. There are several types of handwritten assignment we provide all Over India. We are genuinely work in this field for so many time. You can get your assignment done - 8130208920

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