IGNOU BSOC 110 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU BSOC 110 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

IGNOU BSOC 110 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-BSOC 110 Social Stratification, offered by Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) for its Bachelor of Arts (Honours) Sociology (BASOH) program, dives deep into the complex and ever-evolving phenomenon of social stratification

IGNOU BSOC 110 Important Questions With Answers English Medium

Course Structure:

  • Block-1 Introducing Stratification
  • Block-2 Theories of Stratification
  • Block-3 Identities and Inequalities
  • Block-4 Social Mobility and Reproduction

Q.1 Discuss Weberian approach to social stratification.

Max Weber, a renowned sociologist of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, presented a multifaceted approach to understanding social stratification, which is often referred to as the Weberian perspective. His conceptualization delves into the intricate dynamics of power, prestige, and privilege within societies, diverging from Karl Marx's singular focus on economic determinants of social class. Weber's framework encompasses economic, social, and cultural factors, offering a nuanced comprehension of individuals' positions within the social hierarchy.

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IGNOU BSOC 110 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Weber's analysis revolves around the notion of "life chances," which encapsulates individuals' opportunities for attaining desired objectives such as wealth, influence, and status within a given society. Unlike Marx, who centered on ownership of the means of production as the primary determinant of class, Weber expanded the scope to include multiple dimensions of inequality, notably class, status, and party.

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Firstly, Weber's concept of social class extends beyond mere economic considerations. He defined class based on individuals' market position, encompassing economic resources like property, wealth, and income. However, Weber recognized the influence of non-economic factors such as education, skills, and occupational prestige in shaping life chances. Consequently, social class in the Weberian sense encompasses a broader spectrum, accounting for variations in social and cultural capital that affect individuals' access to resources and opportunities.

IGNOU BSOC 110 Important Questions With Answers English Medium-Moreover, Weber introduced the idea of "status groups" or "social status," which denotes the social honor or esteem associated with specific lifestyles, occupations, or identities. Status groups are characterized by shared patterns of consumption, cultural practices, and social recognition, shaping individuals' life chances independently of economic factors. For instance, professionals like doctors or lawyers may enjoy high social status due to their specialized knowledge and cultural authority, irrespective of their income level.

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Additionally, Weber identified "party" or political power as another dimension of social stratification. Party refers to individuals' ability to influence or control political institutions and decision-making processes, which can operate independently of economic or status advantages. Political leaders, activists, or lobbyists exemplify this dimension, wielding considerable influence despite not belonging to the highest economic or social strata. Thus, party represents another avenue through which individuals can assert their interests and secure advantageous positions within society.

Furthermore, Weber emphasized the role of "life chances" in determining individuals' experiences of inequality and opportunities for social mobility. While Marx focused on the structural constraints of capitalism, Weber acknowledged the potential for upward or downward mobility across various dimensions of social stratification. Individuals' life chances are influenced by factors such as education, occupation, social networks, and institutional barriers, which can facilitate or hinder their ability to improve their social standing.

Weber's multidimensional approach underscores the complexities of power and inequality within societies, offering a richer understanding of social stratification compared to Marx's economic-centric perspective. By incorporating economic, social, and political dimensions, Weber's framework provides insights into the diverse sources of inequality and the mechanisms of social mobility. Additionally, his concept of "life chances" highlights the dynamic nature of social stratification, recognizing the interplay of structural factors and individual agency in shaping individuals' positions within the social hierarchy.

Q.2 Describe attributional theories of social stratification.

Q.3 What do you understand by ethnicity ? Write a brief note on ethnic minorities.

Q.4 How are gender identities constructed ? Explain with suitable examples.

Q.5 Describe various types and forms of social mobility.

Q.6 Explain the relationship between caste and class.

Q.7 Discuss the phenomena of ethnic stratification and ethnic nationalism.

Q.8 Discuss the functionalist theory of social stratification.

Q.9 Discuss the Weberian approach to the study of social stratification.

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Q.10 What do you understand by social mobility ? Discuss the factors of social mobility.

Q.11 Explain the relationship between tribes and ethnicity.

Q.12 Discuss interactional approach to the study of caste.

Q.13 Explain power and status as organising principles of social stratification.

Q.14 Discuss the functionalist theory of social stratification.

Q.15 Describe various types and forms of social mobility.





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