The beginning of the Civil Disobedience Movement

 Trace the beginning of the Civil Disobedience Movement.

The beginning of the Civil Disobedience Movement-Mahatma Gandhi started a significant civil disobedience campaign known as the Salt Satyagraha to protest the British government's imposition of a salt tax in India. On March 12, 1930, Gandhi organised a sizable group of people and drove them from Sabarmati Ashram to Dandi, a coastal Gujarat hamlet, where they produced salt from seawater in violation of the law.

Similar marches from Trichinopoly to Vedaranyam were conducted by Rajgopalchari in Tamil Nadu. Sarojini Naidu, a well-known congresswoman and movement leader, oversaw the campaign in Darasana, Gujarat, at the same time. Over 300 satyagrahis suffered serious injuries when the cops launched a lathi charge. As a result, there were protests, hartals, a boycott of imports, and subsequently, a refusal to pay taxes. There were one lakh participants in this campaign, including women.

The beginning of the Civil Disobedience Movement-Mahatma Gandhi wrote Viceroy Irwin a letter on January 31, 1930, outlining and imposing eleven requests. The demand to eliminate the salt tax, which is paid for by both the wealthy and the poor, was the one that stirred up the most emotion among the others. The requests had to be met by March 11 in order to avoid the Congress starting a campaign of civil disobedience. In addition to 78 of his dependable helpers, Mahatma Gandhi launched the well-known salt march. The march travelled more than 240 miles from Gandhiji's ashram in Sabarmati to the coastal village of Dandi in Gujarat.

He arrived in Dandi on April 6 and ceremonially broke the law by starting to boil saltwater to make salt. The Civil Disobedience Movement got its start with this campaign.

The civil disobedience campaign had a wide-ranging effect. It established a foundation for the independence fight, fostered mistrust of the British government, and popularised a new form of propaganda like the Prabhat, pheris, pamphlets, etc. The government abolished the oppressive salt tax after people in Maharashtra, Karnataka, and the Central Province disobeyed forest law and refused to pay the agricultural "Chaukidari tax" in Eastern India.


Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.