IGNOU BEGC 112 Important Questions with Answers

IGNOU BEGC 112 Important Questions with Answers – IGNOU MPSE 12 Previous years important  questions with answers. IGNOU MPSE 12 State and Society in Australia Guess Papers for Exams.

HERE Students will get free IGNOU BEGC 112 questions with answers, its free material available on our myexamsolution website. IGNOU Examination Form 2023 - Indira Gandhi National Open University will open the IGNOU 2023 exam form submission window for June TEE in the month of June. Candidates are required to pay a IGNOU 2023 exam form fee of Rs. 200 for each theory and practical examination. Applicants can pay the fee of IGNOU exam form through credit card, debit card or net banking. The IGNOU June 2023 term-end examinations will be held in offline mode.

All Question and One Answer

Q.1.Define Modernism. Explain with examples how it is different from the earlier literary and artistic styles of presentation.

In the beginning, modernism began as an anti-tradition movement against existing forms of art, literature, philosophy, culture and society, and impacted other activities of daily life such as architecture, fashion, modes of transport, and connectivity. Modernism, true to its name represented a clash between the old and the new. It rejected all traditional forms as irrelevant and outdated to fit in with the new economic, social, and political environment of a modern competitive, industrialized world. The poet artists and writers to re-examine established cultural, aesthetic, and religious traditions and bring a change in all aspects of life.

The 20th century saw the beginnings of an aesthetic modernism in literary and visual arts. In painting between 1890 and 1910, came different art movements such as Dadaism, Surrealism, Cubism, Constructivism, Minimalism, Vorticism, Futurism, and Fauvism distinct from the earlier forms of Classicism, Gothic art, Baroque, Naturalism, Realism, and Romanticism to name a few. In short, realistic painting or representation of reality in painting was abandoned.

Q.2. Distinguish between postmodernism and post-postmodernism.

Q.3. Describe the four ways in which signs represent reality

Q.4. Write a critical note on modernism as a trend in the early twentieth century British fiction.

Q.5. Modernism may offer a critique of life, but does not offer a realistic portrayal. Comment.

IGNOU BEGC 112 Important Questions with Answers – IGNOU BEGC 112 Previous years important  questions with answers. IGNOU BEGC 112 State and Society in Australia Guess Papers for Exams .

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Q.6. Enumerate the characteristics of the Theatre of the Absurd

At the end of the two major World Wars (1914-18 and 1939-45) that accounted for the deaths of millions in England and Europe, an alarming trend of anxiety, hopelessness and religious scepticism spread among Europeans. Faith in God along with the traditional belief in sin and punishment came under question leading to an existential crisis and increased scepticism in the existence of a just and benevolent God. The post- War world was caught between the old world that was dead, and the new yet to be born. In the context of the two World Wars that included atomic holocaust and Nazi acts of genocide, divinely authenticated values became suspect.

This was a baffling irresolvable question. Several European, British and American writers gave expression to the concept of the meaninglessness of life and their writings came under the rubric “Literature of the Absurd”. The word ‘absurd’ in common parlance denotes something utterly senseless, something that defies logic and reason and is therefore, laughably ridiculous. Hence the term ‘Absurd’ perfectly fitted the post-war state where life seemed bereft of all meaning and purpose. The concept of the Absurd was initiated by Albert Camus in The Myth of Sisyphus though the term was coined on a much later date in 1961 by Martin Esslin to describe the works primarily of a number of European playwrights who wrote in the 1950s and 1960s and focussed largely on the meaninglessness and purposelessness of existence. These plays also highlighted the vacuity of words and actions in a universe that functioned on its own where human interference was irrelevant and inconsequential. Thus after the two world Wars, human beings found themselves in a world with no religion to believe in, no faith to comfort them, and faced the biggest existential crisis - how to exist in a world where there is no certainty or predictability about the shape life would take in the future. “Literature of the Absurd” and in particular the “Theatre of the Absurd” gave expression to this feeling of loss, lack of purpose in life and absence of logic and reason in happenings over which one has no control.

Albert Camus from France, Eugene Ionesco from Romania, Arthur Adamov from Russia, Samuel Beckett - Irish by birth who wrote initially from France before settling in England, and Harold Pinter from England were the early contributors to the “Theatre of the Absurd”. The surprising thing is that none of them knew each other but they wrote individually and their work collectively dealt with the absurdity of existence. Camus’s perception of absurdity gave him an awareness of ‘a burning and frigid, transparent and limited universe in which nothing is possible but everything is given, and beyond which all is collapse and nothingness’.

Q.7. What were the major characteristics of British fiction written in the early twentieth century?

Q.8. Write short notes on the works of any four British novelists of this period.

Q.9. Write a critical summary of Sons and Lovers, bringing out its major themes and concerns.

Q.10. How did F.R. Leavis critically assess D. H. Lawrence as a novelist?

Q.11. Write an essay on D. H. Lawrence as a modernist novelist

Q.12. Explain the technique of the stream of consciousness put to use in modern fiction.



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IGNOU BEGC 112 Important Questions with Answers – IGNOU MPSE 12 Previous years important  questions with answers. IGNOU MPSE 12 State and Society in Australia Guess Papers for Exams .



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