Tuesday, March 2, 2021

Critical evaluation of the PASS theory.

Critical evaluation of the PASS theory.

Critical evaluation of the PASS theory. The theories of Spearman, Thorndike, Thomson, Thurstone that we discussed above, and other similar ones, are supported isolating factors after administering several intelligence tests over an outsized sample of subjects. Critical evaluation of the PASS theory. They didn't take under consideration how an input, e.g. a test item is received and processed and the way a cognitive reorganisation takes place before giving a response. Das, Nagliery, and Kirby (1994) have developed a theory-based, multidimensional view of intelligence with constructs borrowed from contemporary research in neuropsychology, informatics and human cognition.

Critical evaluation of the PASS theory. Alexander R. Luria’s pioneering researches within the fields of neuropsychology, information science , and psychology have provided the theoretical foundation to the PASS theory. Luria divided human cognitive processes into three primary functional units. 

i) Maintaining appropriate cortical arousal and a spotlight to allow for adequate vigilance and discrimination between stimuli is that the first function of the first unit.

ii) The second unit is responsible for obtaining, elaborating upon, and storing information using successive and simultaneous processes.

iii) The third functional unit is responsible for programming also because the regulation and control of mental activity (i.e., executive functioning).

Planning, self-monitoring, and structuring of cognitive activities are provided by this functional unit. To elaborate further, the first functional unit, attention-arousal, is found within the brain stem and reticular activating system. Critical evaluation of the PASS theory. This unit provides the brain with the suitable level of arousal or cortical tone and “directive and selective attention”.

About the second functional unit, Luria described “two basic kinds of integrative activity of the cerebral cortex” which are responsible for “receiving, analysing, and storing information” through the use of simultaneous and successive processing. Simultaneous processing is said to the occipital-parietal areas of the brain. Critical evaluation of the PASS theory. The essential aspect of simultaneous processing is that the surveyability; that's , each element is claimed to every other element. Das (2004) has explained with the help of following example. “To produce a diagram correctly when given the instruction, “draw a triangle above a square that's to the left of a circle under a cross,” the relationships among the shapes must be correctly comprehended”.


The third functional unit is found within the prefrontal divisions of the frontal lobes of the brain (Luria, 1980). Luria stated that “the frontal lobes synthesize the knowledge about the surface worlds . . . and are the means whereby the behaviour of the organism is regulated in conformity with the effect produced by its actions” (p.263). Planning processes provide for the programming, regulation and verification of behaviour and are responsible for behaviours, like asking questions, problem solving, and thus the capacity for self-monitoring. Critical evaluation of the PASS theory. Other activities of the third functional unit include regulation of voluntary activity, impulse control, and various linguistic skills, like spontaneous conversation. The third functional unit provides for the foremost complex aspects of human behaviour including personality and consciousness. Critical evaluation of the PASS theory. All four processes of the PASS theory are operationally defined by Das, Nagliery and Kirby (1994). Critical evaluation of the PASS theory. Planning processes are required when a test demands that the individual makes some decisions about the thanks to solve a haul , execute an approach, activate attentional, simultaneous, and successive processes, monitor the effectiveness of the approach and modify it as needed .

Critical evaluation of the PASS theory. The final component of the PASS model is output or action and behavior . it's suggested that both simultaneous and successive processes must be utilized within the processing of cognitive tasks. Das has thus explained its salient features: “The PASS theory of intelligence (1) has given us tests to measure intelligence as a gaggle of cognitive processes, (2) discusses what the most processes are, and (3) guides us within the remediation of processing difficulties.” Critical evaluation of the PASS theory. Cognition could also be a dynamic process that works within the context of the individual’s knowledge base , responds to his experiences, and is subject to developmental variations When considering the measurement of cognitive processes, it must be noted that the effective processing is accomplished through the blending of knowledge with planning, attention, simultaneous, and successive processes as demanded by the particular task.

Although these processes are interrelated and nonstop, they are not equally involved altogether tasks. Critical evaluation of the PASS theory. For that reason, cognitive assessment tasks for planning, attention, simultaneous, and successive processing were developed to stay to PASS theory and predominantly require a specific process.

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1 comment:

  1. This is just a clickbait no clear criticism is given in the article