Monday, September 14, 2020

Rousseau’s theory of civil society

 Rousseau’s theory of civil society

Rousseau’s theory of civil society, Rousseau’s thoughts also are very different from his contemporary famous philosophers called Encyclopedists. Encyclopedists like Voltaire, D’Alembert and Diderot saw the sole problem of society as its mistake in organization. However, Rousseau thinks that the matter of society is predicated on a difficult contract made between people to finish the state of nature period centuries ago. Rousseau’s theory of civil society,  Colletti makes comparisons between different state of nature ideas of philosophers which of Rousseau. for instance , Hobbes thought that humans are selfish and power-seeking creatures from birth and therefore the state of nature soon became the state of war during which “all was against all”.

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so as to finish this chaotic situation people came together and made a contract to unify their power and to offer it to a absolute monarch called Leviathan. Rousseau’s theory of civil society, In contrary, for Locke the state of nature was a really peaceful process, sort of a state of innocence but so as to ensure the continuation of this example people came together and made a contract to make a state which will be responsible of their governance, security of their lives and their private properties. Rousseau’s state of nature conception is far more different than Locke and Hobbes’ conceptions.

Rousseau’s theory of civil society, According to Rousseau, the establishment of this tricky contract happened in four steps. within the first phase, men who sleep in isolation as parts of nature began to associate, to collaborate and to make a degree of provisional order. within the second phase, men made a technical progress and commenced to create shelters, houses for themselves. Families were formed and patriarchal period started. Rousseau’s theory of civil society, The socialization of men developed rapidly. within the third phase, men totally lost their state of nature characteristics and addressed labour and thoughts. thanks to their use of reason, men created language and developed their relationships. Rousseau’s theory of civil society, Men also discovered “division of labour” which might help them to pass from “subsistence economy” to the “economy of productive development”.

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