FREE IGNOU MEG 12 Solved Assignment 2023-24 | MA ENGLISH 2nd year

 FREE IGNOU MEG 12 Solved Assignment 2023-24 | MA ENGLISH 2nd year

MEG 12 A SURVEY COURSE IN 20TH CENTURY CANADIAN LITERATURE Solved Assignment 2023-24, IGNOU MEG 12 Solved Assignment 2023-24 , Free MEG 12 A SURVEY COURSE IN 20TH CENTURY CANADIAN LITERATURE Assignment Pdf, How To Get  MEG 12 Solved Assignment For Free, We Are Providing IGNOU MEG 12 A SURVEY COURSE IN 20TH CENTURY CANADIAN LITERATURE Solved Assignment All Over India.. 

BUY SOLVED PDF & Handwritten

WhatsApp - 8131208920

MEG 12 Solved Assignment 2023-24 : FREE MEG 12 Solved Assignment 2023-24, students can directly done their assignment by simply take reference through our free IGNOU service. MEG 12 Free solved assignment available here.

FREE IGNOU MEG 12 Solved Assignment 2023-24 | MA ENGLISH 2nd year

Q1. What are the different stages of Canadian history from the First Settlers to the present age? Elaborate on it.


Canadian history is a tapestry woven with the threads of diverse cultures, landscapes, and epochs. From the arrival of the first settlers to the present age, Canada has undergone a series of transformative stages that have shaped its identity. This narrative unfolds through the lens of the land, its people, and the interactions between indigenous cultures and European colonizers. Exploring the nuances of Canadian history reveals a rich tapestry, marked by epochs such as early encounters, colonial struggles, and the formation of a transcontinental nation-state.

Stages of Canadian History:

Indigenous Cultures and Early Encounters: The foundation of Canadian history rests on the diverse indigenous cultures that inhabited the land long before European contact. These societies, with their unique spiritualities and environmental understanding, laid the groundwork for the interactions with European explorers. The clash of worldviews, as Europeans sought to exploit natural resources for commercial gain, marked the beginning of a complex narrative.

European Exploration and Colonization: European powers, including the Portuguese, Spanish, French, and English, sought to expand their trade and territories in the New World. The early explorations and claims to the land by figures like John Cabot and Jacques Cartier set the stage for the gradual colonization of Canada. The struggle between the British and the French for control over regions like Quebec and Montreal played out against the backdrop of the lucrative fur trade.

The Fur Trade and Expansion: The fur trade emerged as a pivotal economic activity, drawing Europeans further northwest in search of beaver and other furs. Native peoples played a crucial role in facilitating this trade, sharing their knowledge of the vast waterways using birch-wood canoes. The North West Company's exploration efforts, reaching the Pacific by 1793, expanded British influence and solidified Canada's territorial boundaries.

Colonial Period and Confederation: The late 18th and 19th centuries saw the establishment of various colonies in Newfoundland, Quebec, and Montreal, with the British and French engaging in fishery and fur trade. The Battle of the Plains of Abraham in 1759 marked a turning point as Quebec fell to the British, leading to the formation of a British colony. The Confederation of Canada in 1867, encompassing provinces like Ontario and Quebec, laid the groundwork for the nation-state.

BUY SOLVED PDF & Handwritten

WhatsApp - 8131208920


Westward Expansion and Nation-Building: The years from 1867 to 1919 were formative for Canada as it expanded its territories from sea to sea. Acquisitions like Rupert's Land, Manitoba, and British Columbia, marked by the completion of the transcontinental railway, contributed to the consolidation of the nation. The Dominion of Canada evolved as a political entity, with economic ties to the British Empire.

World Wars and Shifting Identities: The 20th century brought Canada into the global spotlight through its participation in both World Wars. The impact of the Great Depression and the economic challenges of the 1920s tested the resilience of the nation. World War II brought about a shift from isolationism to active involvement, leading to economic growth, increased manufacturing capacity, and enhanced national pride.

Cultural Transformation and Immigration: Post-World War II, Canada experienced a cultural transformation with an influx of immigrants from diverse regions, enriching the nation's cultural mosaic. The demographic makeup shifted significantly, reflecting a global tapestry of ancestries. Today, Canada comprises 10 provinces and three territories, showcasing a vibrant and multicultural society.


In tracing the different stages of Canadian history, it becomes evident that the nation's identity is a product of diverse influences, struggles, and triumphs. From the early encounters between indigenous cultures and European colonizers to the challenges of nation-building and the complexities of cultural transformation, Canada's narrative is dynamic and multifaceted. The land, with its harsh moods and seasons, has been both a challenge and a source of inspiration for Canadians, shaping their understanding of who they are. As Canada continues to evolve, its history remains a testament to resilience, adaptation, and the ongoing quest for a collective identity rooted in the vast and varied landscapes that define the nation.

BUY SOLVED PDF & Handwritten

WhatsApp - 8131208920


Q2. What makes 1967 a key year in the development of indigenous Canadian drama? What gives George Ryga a special place in Canadian drama

1967 is a pivotal year in the development of indigenous Canadian drama, marking a significant shift in the cultural and artistic landscape of the country. During this time, there was a growing recognition of the importance of Indigenous voices and stories, leading to a renaissance in Canadian theater that embraced and celebrated the rich heritage of its Indigenous peoples. One of the key figures who played a crucial role in this transformation was George Ryga, a playwright whose contributions left an indelible mark on Canadian drama.

In the 1960s, Canada was undergoing a period of cultural introspection and reevaluation, seeking to redefine its national identity. Indigenous communities, which had long been marginalized and silenced, began asserting their cultural distinctiveness and demanding recognition. This cultural and social upheaval was mirrored in the arts, particularly in the theater, where a new generation of playwrights emerged to tell stories that reflected the diverse experiences of the Canadian population.

George Ryga, a Ukrainian-Canadian playwright, was one of the trailblazers during this transformative period. Born in Alberta in 1932, Ryga was not of Indigenous descent, but he demonstrated a deep empathy for the struggles and injustices faced by Indigenous peoples. His most famous work, "The Ecstasy of Rita Joe," premiered in 1967 and is considered a landmark play in Canadian drama.

"The Ecstasy of Rita Joe" is a powerful exploration of the challenges and prejudices faced by an Indigenous woman who moves to the city in search of a better life. The play delves into issues such as systemic racism, cultural displacement, and the clash between traditional Indigenous values and the modern urban environment. Ryga's decision to center the narrative on an Indigenous protagonist was groundbreaking for its time, as it challenged the prevailing Eurocentric perspectives dominating the Canadian theatrical scene.

Ryga's play is significant not only for its content but also for the way it was received. "The Ecstasy of Rita Joe" sparked important conversations about Indigenous rights and representation in Canada. It forced audiences to confront uncomfortable truths about the treatment of Indigenous peoples and encouraged a more inclusive and diverse approach to storytelling.

BUY SOLVED PDF & Handwritten

WhatsApp - 8131208920


Moreover, Ryga's contribution to Canadian drama extends beyond a single play. He was part of a larger movement that sought to redefine the Canadian theatrical landscape by breaking away from traditional forms and embracing a more experimental and socially conscious approach. In doing so, he paved the way for future generations of playwrights to explore and celebrate Canada's cultural diversity.

In conclusion, 1967 stands out as a key year in the development of indigenous Canadian drama due to the emergence of works like "The Ecstasy of Rita Joe," which challenged established norms and gave a platform to marginalized voices. George Ryga's special place in Canadian drama lies in his commitment to addressing social issues through the power of storytelling, even when it meant stepping outside his own cultural background. His work continues to be a testament to the transformative potential of theater in fostering empathy, understanding, and dialogue within a society undergoing profound cultural shifts.

The Canadian attitude towards nature, especially in the early years of its existence as a nation, is deeply rooted in a complex interplay of cultural, historical, and geographical factors. The relationship between Canadians and their natural environment has been multifaceted, evolving over time as the country went through periods of exploration, settlement, and industrialization.

Canada's vast and diverse landscape has played a pivotal role in shaping the nation's identity and influencing the attitudes of its inhabitants towards nature. The Indigenous peoples of Canada, who have a rich and longstanding connection with the land, viewed nature as integral to their spirituality, sustenance, and way of life. Their deep respect for the environment and understanding of its cycles served as a foundation for the early interactions between humans and nature on this continent.

As European settlers arrived and established colonies, they encountered a wilderness that was both awe-inspiring and challenging. The vast expanses of forests, lakes, and mountains posed both opportunities and obstacles for these early settlers. The Canadian Shield, a vast geological formation covering a significant portion of Canada, influenced the perception of nature as both a source of potential wealth (in terms of natural resources) and a formidable barrier to development.

BUY SOLVED PDF & Handwritten

WhatsApp - 8131208920


In the early years of Canada as a nation, which formally began with the Confederation of 1867, nature played a central role in shaping the Canadian identity. The idea of the "frontier" and the rugged, untamed wilderness became symbols of the Canadian spirit. The Group of Seven, a group of influential Canadian landscape painters active in the early 20th century, further solidified the romanticized view of the Canadian wilderness. Their art, depicting the raw beauty of the country's landscapes, helped foster a sense of national pride and a unique Canadian aesthetic.

The concept of nature as a source of national identity and pride continued into the early years of the 20th century. However, with industrialization and urbanization came a shift in attitudes towards nature. The exploitation of natural resources, such as timber, minerals, and fisheries, became integral to the economic development of the nation. This economic imperative often led to a utilitarian view of nature, where it was seen as a commodity to be harnessed for economic gain.

While the exploitation of natural resources played a crucial role in Canada's economic development, it also gave rise to environmental concerns. By the mid-20th century, there was a growing awareness of the impact of industrial activities on the environment. Pollution, deforestation, and habitat destruction became pressing issues, prompting Canadians to reconsider their relationship with nature.

The environmental movement that gained momentum in the latter half of the 20th century reflected a shifting attitude towards nature. Canadians began to recognize the importance of sustainable development and the need to protect the environment for future generations. This change in perspective was reflected in policies and legislation aimed at conserving natural habitats, reducing pollution, and promoting environmental stewardship.

BUY SOLVED PDF & Handwritten

WhatsApp - 8131208920



Q4 What are the chief characteristics of 20th century Canadian poetry?


The 20th century witnessed a transformative period in Canadian poetry, marked by a remarkable continuity and a surge in poetic expression. Poets like A.J.M. Smith, E.J. Pratt, Earle Birney, Dorothy Livesay, and P.K. Page played pivotal roles in shaping the Canadian poetic landscape. The decades spanning from the 1930s to the 1970s witnessed the unbroken continuity of Canadian poetry, laying the foundation for an extraordinary upsurge in the later part of the century.

Characteristics of 20th-century Canadian Poetry:

Poetic Upsurge and Modernist Influence: The 20th century brought about a remarkable poetic upsurge in Canada. This period saw a convergence of various trends from the Modernist movement, characterized by a self-conscious antipopular stance, as noted by George Woodcock. Canadian poets embraced Modernist tendencies, contributing to a significant qualitative change in the poetic landscape. Between 1960 and 1973, an astonishing 590 poets published over 100 books of verse, solidifying poetry's status as the most significant form of artistic activity in Canada.

Deep Involvement with National Identity: Canadian poetry displayed a profound engagement with the "happenings" of the time and the Canadian national identity. Unlike a mere focus on political issues, poets explored the cultural and counter-cultural aspects, emphasizing a liberation from traditional colonial goals. This shift led to a visualization of the realities of Canadian experiences, showcasing a nuanced understanding of the nation's cultural fabric.

Pluralistic Society and Mosaic Culture: Canadian poetry grew out of Canada's pluralistic society and mosaic culture, reflecting enduring domestic values in the face of a challenging natural environment. The poets adhered to an authentic indigenous system, focusing on the realities of Canadian experiences and liberating themselves from traditional colonial goals.

Quantitative Increase Leading to Qualitative Change: The prolific output of poets between 1960 and 1973 resulted in an unprecedented status for poetry by 1980. The sheer quantity of published works signaled a qualitative change, reinforcing the notion that a significant increase in quantity could indeed lead to a transformative shift in the quality of poetry.

Diverse Influences and Themes: Canadian poets drew inspiration from various influences, ranging from personal experiences to Marxist ideologies. Poets like A.J.M. Smith drew directly from personal experiences, while Marxist-influenced poets like Milton Acorn and Patrick Lane introduced political dimensions. The use of mythology, new myths, and a keen interest in cultural exploration were evident in the works of poets like James Reaney, Phyllis Webb, and Eli Mandel.

William James' Notion of Changing Reality: Canadian poetry embraced William James' notion that reality is ever-changing. Rooted in Canada's pluralistic society and mosaic culture, poets believed in the dynamic nature of reality. This perspective allowed for a genuine exploration of the Canadian experience, liberating poetry from traditional, static narratives.

Nature Poetry and Mutualness: Nature poetry in the later part of the 20th century displayed a shift towards mutualness. It introduced three important characteristics: a clear-sighted view of man's relation to nature, a haunting sense of love for the nation, and an emphasis on mythic and historic unity with mankind. This evolution marked a departure from earlier nature poetry, showcasing a more nuanced and interconnected relationship with the natural world.


BUY SOLVED PDF & Handwritten

WhatsApp - 8131208920


Language, Identity, and Intent of Canadian Poetry: The language of Canadian poems transitioned to the natural speech of living Canadians. The identity of poets changed, encompassing a broader spectrum of individuals rather than belonging exclusively to an intellectual aristocracy. The intent of Canadian poetry also evolved, encompassing reflections on contemporary issues and timeless themes such as love and death.

Regeneration and Cultural Influence: Canadian poets emerged as cultural heroes and counter-cultural leaders. They served as caretakers of collective truths, resisting oppression based on race, gender, and class. Simultaneously, they provided a source of strong intellectual and emotional content, acting as a civilizing influence on society. In this way, poets contributed to the regeneration of Canadian society.


In conclusion, 20th-century Canadian poetry is characterized by a remarkable continuity, an upsurge in poetic expression, and a profound connection with the evolving Canadian identity. The poets of this era navigated diverse influences, including personal experiences, political ideologies, and cultural explorations. The shift from traditional colonial goals to a focus on the Canadian experience allowed for a dynamic and evolving poetic landscape. The emphasis on the dynamic nature of reality, the vision of human existence, and the exploration of national identity contributed to the unique flavor of Canadian poetry.


Q5. Comment on the overall thematic thrust of Surfacing. Structurally, what are the three broad sections into which Surfacing can be divided?

"Surfacing," a novel written by Canadian author Margaret Atwood and first published in 1972, is a complex and multi-layered work that explores themes of identity, nature, and the impact of modernity on individuals and societies. The novel follows the protagonist on a physical and psychological journey as she returns to her childhood home in the Quebec wilderness, unraveling mysteries of her past and confronting the societal and environmental changes around her.

Thematic Thrust:

One of the central thematic thrusts of "Surfacing" is the exploration of personal and cultural identity. The novel's protagonist, who remains unnamed, embarks on a journey to her ancestral home in the Quebec woods in search of her missing father. As she delves into her past and interacts with the landscape, she becomes increasingly aware of the layers of her own identity that have been submerged beneath societal expectations and personal traumas. The novel critiques the impact of modern civilization on individual identity, suggesting that the quest for self-discovery requires a return to one's roots and a reconnection with nature.

"Surfacing" grapples with the theme of the degradation of the environment. The protagonist witnesses the environmental changes in her childhood landscape, including the construction of a dam and the pollution of rivers. Through the deterioration of the natural world, Atwood comments on the destructive consequences of human progress and industrialization. The novel becomes a metaphor for the erosion of both personal and environmental integrity in the face of modernization.

Another prominent theme is the portrayal of gender roles and the societal expectations placed on women. The protagonist's journey is intertwined with her exploration of femininity and her resistance to conforming to conventional gender norms. Atwood critiques patriarchal structures and explores the ways in which women negotiate their identities within a male-dominated society.

Structural Division:

"Surfacing" can be broadly divided into three sections, each reflecting a distinct phase of the protagonist's journey and contributing to the novel's overall thematic exploration:

Return to the Wilderness: The first section of the novel sees the protagonist, along with her boyfriend, Joe, and another couple, David and Anna, returning to her family's remote cabin in the Quebec woods. The setting itself becomes a character, evoking a sense of nostalgia and revealing the protagonist's conflicted emotions about her past. The initial focus is on the search for the missing father, emphasizing the theme of familial connections and the impact of the past on the present.

Journey of Self-Discovery: As the protagonist navigates the landscape, she becomes increasingly introspective. The narrative takes on a more psychological and surreal quality, blurring the lines between reality and the protagonist's perceptions. This section delves into the exploration of personal identity, the protagonist's troubled relationship with her past, and her unraveling mental state. Dreams, memories, and hallucinations intertwine, offering

In conclusion, "Surfacing" is a novel that weaves together themes of identity, environmental degradation, and gender roles in the context of a psychological and physical journey. The three structural divisions mirror the protagonist's progression through stages of return, self-discovery, and confrontation, creating a rich and layered narrative that invites readers to reflect on the interconnectedness of personal and societal transformation.

BUY SOLVED PDF & Handwritten

WhatsApp - 8131208920


Q6 Comment on the thematic side of The Tin Flute.

The Tin Flute, written by Gabrielle Roy and first published in 1945 under the French title "Bonheur d'occasion," is a seminal work in Canadian literature. Set in the impoverished Saint-Henri district of Montreal during World War II, the novel explores a range of compelling and interconnected themes, providing a poignant portrayal of the struggles faced by its characters.

1. Poverty and Social Injustice: One of the central themes of "The Tin Flute" is poverty and its profound impact on the lives of the characters. The Lacasse family, living in the working-class neighborhood of Saint-Henri, grapples with economic hardship, overcrowded living conditions, and a constant struggle for survival. Roy paints a vivid picture of the social injustices prevalent during the era, where families faced daily challenges in meeting basic needs. Poverty becomes a pervasive force that shapes the characters' destinies, influencing their decisions and limiting their opportunities.

2. War and Its Effects: Set against the backdrop of World War II, the novel explores the effects of the war on both the global stage and the local community. The war contributes to economic hardships, as industries shift their focus to wartime production, leaving many workers unemployed. The characters' lives are directly impacted by the conflict, reflecting the broader societal changes that come with wartime. The novel also touches upon the emotional toll of war, as characters grapple with the anxieties and uncertainties associated with having loved ones in the military.

3. Urban Alienation: "The Tin Flute" delves into the theme of urban alienation as the characters navigate the challenges of city life. The city, particularly Saint-Henri, is depicted as a place of both opportunity and isolation. The Lacasse family and their neighbors experience the anonymity and disconnection that can accompany life in a densely populated urban environment. The novel portrays the struggle to find a sense of community and belonging amid the harsh realities of city living.

4. Dreams and Aspirations: Throughout the novel, characters harbor dreams and aspirations that often collide with the harshness of their circumstances. Florentine, the protagonist, dreams of escaping the poverty of Saint-Henri through marriage, envisioning a better life for herself. Other characters, such as Rose-Anna and Azarius Lacasse, harbor aspirations for their children, hoping they can achieve more than the limited opportunities afforded by their socioeconomic status. The tension between dreams and reality adds depth to the characters, highlighting the human capacity for hope in the face of adversity.

5. Gender Roles and Expectations: The novel explores traditional gender roles and expectations prevalent in the 1940s. Florentine's experiences as a young woman in a patriarchal society are central to the narrative. The pressures on women to conform to societal norms, such as marriage and motherhood, are evident throughout the story. Florentine's struggle to navigate these expectations while pursuing her own desires provides a lens through which the novel examines the limitations placed on women in the context of the time.

Q7 Who are the main characters in The English Patient. Give a brief account of their life together in the Italian Villa?

The English Patient, written by Michael Ondaatje and published in 1992, is a novel set during World War II that weaves together the stories of four characters in an Italian villa. The narrative explores themes of love, identity, and the impact of war on individuals. The main characters are Almásy (the English patient), Hana, Kip, and Caravaggio.

1. Almásy (The English Patient): The central figure in the novel, the English patient, is a man who has suffered severe burns in a plane crash. His identity is initially unknown, and he is cared for by Hana in the Italian villa. As the story unfolds, it is revealed that he is Count László Almásy, a Hungarian explorer and cartographer. Almásy's past is marked by his passionate affair with Katharine Clifton, the wife of his friend Geoffrey. The affair takes place against the backdrop of the North African desert, where Almásy is engaged in mapping expeditions. The consequences of this affair reverberate throughout the novel, affecting not only Almásy but the lives of those around him.

2. Hana: Hana is a young Canadian nurse who tends to the English patient in the Italian villa. Traumatized by the death of her father and the brutality of war, Hana seeks solace in caring for the wounded. Her relationship with the English patient becomes a focal point of the narrative. As she cares for him, a deep connection develops between them. Hana is also haunted by the loss of her lover, Kip, who defuses bombs in the vicinity of the villa. Hana's character represents the emotional toll of war and the search for connection amidst devastation.

3. Kip: Kirpal Singh, known as Kip, is an Indian sapper and bomb defuser who becomes an essential part of the narrative. Trained in defusing bombs and mines, Kip brings a unique skill set to the war effort. He establishes a close bond with the English patient, Hana, and Caravaggio. Kip's character also grapples with questions of identity and belonging. His background as a Sikh, his experiences in the war, and the impact of his relationships with the other characters contribute to the complexity of his character.

4. Caravaggio: David Caravaggio, a Canadian thief-turned-spy, is another significant character in the novel. He is a friend of Hana's father and becomes a surrogate uncle to her. Caravaggio's personal history is marked by his criminal past and his involvement in intelligence activities during the war. After suffering severe injuries, including the loss of his thumbs, he joins Hana in the Italian villa. Caravaggio harbors suspicions about the English patient's true identity, leading to a subplot that adds layers of intrigue to the narrative.

In the Italian villa, these characters form an unconventional family, bound together by their shared experiences and the proximity of war. The villa serves as a sanctuary from the external chaos, providing a space for reflection, healing, and the exploration of complex relationships.

The life of these characters in the Italian villa is characterized by a delicate balance between intimacy and solitude. Hana's caregiving for the English patient becomes a focal point of their interactions. As she tends to his physical wounds, their emotional connection deepens. The English patient, in turn, shares his memories and experiences, gradually revealing the intricacies of his past.

Kip's presence introduces an additional layer of complexity. His interactions with Hana and the English patient illustrate the impact of cultural differences and the challenges of forming connections in the midst of war. The characters engage in a delicate dance of camaraderie and emotional vulnerability, finding solace in the shared space of the villa.

BUY SOLVED PDF & Handwritten

WhatsApp - 8131208920


Q8 Comment on the thematic side of The Ecstasy of Rita Joe.

The Ecstasy of Rita Joe," written by George Ryga and first performed in 1967, is a powerful and groundbreaking play in Canadian drama. It addresses a range of thematic elements that remain relevant today, offering a critical exploration of issues such as indigenous identity, systemic racism, cultural displacement, and the clash between traditional values and the modern urban environment.

1. Indigenous Identity and Cultural Displacement: A central theme in "The Ecstasy of Rita Joe" is the exploration of indigenous identity and the profound impact of cultural displacement. The play follows the character Rita Joe, an indigenous woman who leaves her reserve to pursue a better life in the city. The challenges she faces in the urban environment force her to confront the disconnection from her cultural roots and the difficulties of navigating a society that often marginalizes and misunderstands indigenous experiences. The play poignantly portrays the struggle to maintain a sense of identity in the face of cultural erasure.

2. Systemic Racism and Discrimination: Ryga's play sheds light on the pervasive issue of systemic racism and discrimination faced by indigenous peoples in Canada. Rita Joe encounters prejudice, stereotypes, and systemic barriers as she attempts to integrate into the urban landscape. The play underscores how deeply ingrained biases within the societal structures contribute to the marginalization and mistreatment of indigenous individuals. By depicting the challenges Rita Joe faces, Ryga addresses the urgent need for social change and dismantling discriminatory practices.

3. Clash of Traditional Values and Modern Urban Life: "The Ecstasy of Rita Joe" explores the tension between traditional indigenous values and the demands of modern urban life. As Rita Joe navigates the city, she grapples with the clash between her cultural background and the expectations of a society that often dismisses or devalues indigenous perspectives. The play examines the impact of cultural assimilation on individuals and communities, highlighting the struggle to preserve traditions in the face of external pressures.

4. Exploitation and Objectification: The play addresses the exploitation and objectification of indigenous individuals, particularly indigenous women, within the broader societal context. Rita Joe becomes a symbol of the vulnerability of indigenous people in an urban setting, where economic disparities, stereotypes, and systemic issues contribute to their exploitation. Ryga's narrative underscores the need for empathy and understanding, challenging the dehumanization that can result from societal prejudices.

5. Loss of Spirituality and Connection to the Land: Ryga delves into the spiritual dimension of indigenous identity, emphasizing the profound connection to the land and the loss of spirituality that can accompany displacement. Rita Joe's journey reflects the broader struggle of indigenous communities to maintain their spiritual practices and relationship with the land, which are often disrupted by urbanization and cultural assimilation. The play mourns the disconnection from traditional sources of strength and resilience.

6. Advocacy for Social Change: Beyond depicting the challenges faced by Rita Joe, the play serves as a form of advocacy for social change. Ryga's work calls attention to the urgent need for understanding, empathy, and action to address the systemic issues affecting indigenous communities. By giving voice to Rita Joe's experiences, the play becomes a catalyst for dialogue and reflection, encouraging audiences to confront and challenge the injustices depicted on stage.

Q9 Discuss the narrative technique Swimming Lessons."

Swimming Lessons by Claire Fuller is a novel that employs a unique narrative technique to weave a complex and emotionally resonant story. The novel alternates between two timelines, creating a dual narrative that adds depth and mystery to the narrative structure.

The first narrative thread is set in the past, primarily in the 1970s, and revolves around the protagonist, Ingrid, and her tumultuous relationship with her husband, Gil Coleman. Ingrid's perspective is presented through a series of letters she writes to Gil, but instead of sending them, she hides them in the pages of his vast collection of books. This unconventional form of communication becomes a central aspect of the narrative technique. In these letters, Ingrid pours out her thoughts and emotions, giving readers insight into the complexities of her life and marriage.

The second narrative thread is set in the present day, where Gil, now an old man, discovers one of Ingrid's letters while searching for a book. This discovery prompts him to reflect on his past, and it sets in motion a quest for the truth about what happened to Ingrid. This timeline is presented through the eyes of the couple's daughters, Flora and Nan, as they grapple with their own lives and relationships. The interplay between past and present creates a dynamic narrative structure that keeps the reader engaged and invested in the characters' journeys.

The novel's narrative technique is enhanced by the use of multiple perspectives. Each chapter alternates between the viewpoints of Ingrid, Gil, Flora, and Nan, providing a multi-dimensional exploration of the characters and their relationships. The shifting perspectives allow readers to see events from different angles, creating a nuanced and layered narrative.

The letters from Ingrid serve as a literary device that adds an intimate and confessional tone to the novel. Through these letters, readers gain access to Ingrid's innermost thoughts and emotions, providing a deeper understanding of her character and the challenges she faces. The letters also serve as a metaphor for the hidden aspects of the characters' lives, as secrets and unspoken truths are buried within the pages of the books.

BUY SOLVED PDF & Handwritten

WhatsApp - 8131208920


As the novel unfolds, the dual narrative and multiple perspectives create a puzzle-like structure. Readers are encouraged to piece together the fragments of the past and present, mirroring the characters' own attempts to understand their lives. This narrative technique keeps the audience engaged, as they become active participants in uncovering the mysteries embedded in the story.

Swimming Lessons employs a distinctive narrative technique that combines dual timelines, multiple perspectives, and the use of letters to create a rich and compelling storytelling experience. This technique enhances the novel's exploration of complex emotions, family dynamics, and the search for truth, making it a thought-provoking and memorable work of fiction.

BUY SOLVED PDF & Handwritten

WhatsApp - 8131208920


Q10 What are the various types of criticism that Frye talks about in Anatomy of Criticism?

Northrop Frye's "Anatomy of Criticism," published in 1957, is a seminal work that outlines a comprehensive framework for literary criticism. In the book, Frye discusses several types of criticism, each contributing to a holistic understanding of literature and its various genres. The primary types of criticism outlined by Frye in "Anatomy of Criticism" include historical criticism, ethical criticism, archetypal criticism, and rhetorical criticism.

Historical Criticism: Historical criticism involves the analysis of literature within the context of its historical period. Frye acknowledges the importance of historical context in shaping literary works and suggests that understanding the historical circumstances in which a work was produced can enhance our appreciation and interpretation of it. However, Frye also cautions against reducing literary analysis solely to historical considerations, advocating for a balanced approach that combines historical understanding with other critical perspectives.

Ethical Criticism: Ethical criticism explores the moral dimensions of literature, examining the ethical choices made by characters and authors. Frye notes that ethical criticism often intersects with other types of criticism, such as historical and archetypal, as moral values are often culturally determined and reflected in archetypal patterns. The ethical dimension of criticism adds depth to the analysis by considering the moral implications of characters' actions and the ethical stance of the author.

Archetypal Criticism: Archetypal criticism, a central focus in Frye's work, delves into the recurring patterns, symbols, and motifs found in literature. Frye identifies archetypes as fundamental symbols that are universal and transcend cultural and historical boundaries. These archetypes include the hero, the villain, the quest, and the journey. By recognizing these recurring patterns, archetypal criticism aims to uncover the deeper, shared human experiences that connect different works of literature. Frye believes that these archetypal patterns form the basis of the literary imagination.

Rhetorical Criticism: Rhetorical criticism examines the language and style employed by authors, emphasizing the way writers use language to persuade and engage readers. Frye highlights the importance of understanding the rhetorical strategies and devices used in literature to convey meaning and influence the audience. This type of criticism considers elements such as tone, style, and figurative language to analyze how the text communicates its message and achieves its effects.

Frye's approach to these types of criticism is not exclusive or hierarchical. Instead, he envisions a framework where these types of criticism intersect and complement each other. He introduces the concept of the "mythical universe," a realm where archetypes and recurring patterns exist, providing a common ground for the various types of criticism. Frye suggests that different genres, such as tragedy, comedy, romance, and irony, can be understood as variations within this overarching mythical framework.


SOVLED PDF & Handwritten Assignment

HELP BOOKS and Guess Papers

Visit :

Contact : 8130208920


Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.