IGNOU MSD 014 Solved Assignment 2024-25


MSD 014 Solved Assignment 2024-25

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Course Code: MSD 014

Assignment Code: MSD 014 ASST/TMA/2024-25

Marks: 100

NOTE: All questions are compulsory

Note: Attempt all the questions and submit this assignment to the Coordinator of yourstudy centre. Last date of submission for July 2023 session is 31st October, 2023 and for January 2024 session is 30th April 2024.

Q1. Explain the different stages of Demographic Transition Model.

The Demographic Transition Model (DTM) is a conceptual framework used to describe the demographic changes that occur as societies progress through economic and social development. It consists of several stages that represent shifts in birth rates, death rates, and population growth over time. These stages are typically categorized as follows:

Stage 1: Pre-Industrial Society

Characterized by high birth rates and high death rates, resulting in a stable or slow-growing population.

Birth rates are high due to limited contraception, a lack of family planning, and the need for children to support families in agriculture-based economies.

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Death rates are also high due to limited medical knowledge, poor sanitation, and widespread disease.

Stage 2: Transitional Stage

This stage begins with advancements in healthcare, sanitation, and food production, leading to a significant decline in death rates.

Birth rates remain high initially, resulting in a rapid increase in population growth.

The gap between birth and death rates widens, leading to a population explosion.

Improved healthcare and sanitation lead to longer life expectancy and lower infant mortality rates.

Stage 3: Industrializing Society

Birth rates start to decline due to factors such as increased education, urbanization, and access to contraception.

Death rates continue to fall, although at a slower pace than in Stage 2.

Economic changes, such as increased industrialization and urbanization, lead to smaller family sizes and a shift away from agricultural economies.

Population growth remains positive but begins to slow down compared to Stage 2.

Stage 4: Post-Industrial Society

Birth rates and death rates stabilize at low levels, resulting in a low and stable population growth rate.

Factors contributing to low birth rates include higher levels of education, increased employment opportunities for women, and access to family planning services.

Aging populations become a concern as life expectancy continues to rise, leading to challenges related to healthcare, pensions, and labor force participation.

Population growth may even become negative in some advanced economies, leading to concerns about population aging and its economic implications.

Stage 5 (Optional): Theoretical Decline

Some demographers propose the existence of a fifth stage characterized by declining population size due to persistently low birth rates.

This stage is theoretical and not universally accepted, as it depends on various factors such as immigration patterns, government policies, and social norms.

It's important to note that not all countries progress through these stages in the same way or at the same pace, and some countries may experience unique demographic patterns due to specific historical, cultural, or political factors. However, the DTM provides a useful framework for understanding broad trends in population dynamics associated with economic and social development.

Q2. Discuss ‘the market-globalization-environmental degradation linkages’ with suitable examples.

Q3. Define the term Fragile Ecosystem. Explain the livelihood system in any one of the fragile ecosystem in your country.

Q4. Explain the concept of Total Economic Values of Ecosystem Services.

MSD 014 Handwritten Assignment 2024-25

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Important Note - You may be aware that you need to submit your assignments before you can appear for the Term End Exams. Please remember to keep a copy of your completed assignment, just in case the one you submitted is lost in transit.

Submission Date :

31st March 2023 (if enrolled in the July 2024-25 Session)

30th Sept, 2023 (if enrolled in the January 2024-25 session).

IGNOU Instructions for the MSD 014 Assignments

MSD 014 Ecological Economics Assignment 2024-25 Before ate mpting the assignment, please read the following instructions carefully.

1. Read the detailed instructions about the assignment given in the Handbook and Programme Guide.

3. Write the course title, assignment number and the name of the study centre you are attached to in the centre of the first page of your response sheet(s).

4. Use only foolscap size paper for your response and tag all the pages carefully

5. Write the relevant question number with each answer.

6. You should write in your own handwriting.

GUIDELINES FOR IGNOU Assignment MSD 014023-24

MSD 014 Solved Assignment 2024-25 You will find it useful to keep the following points in mind:

1. Planning: Read the questions carefully. Go through the units on which they are based. Make some points regarding each question and then rearrange these in a STATISTICS IN PSYCHOLOGYal order. And please write the answers in your own words. Do not reproduce passages from the units.

2. Organisation: Be a little more selective and analytic before drawing up a rough outline of your answer. In an essay-type question, give adequate attention to your introduction and conclusion. The introduction must offer your brief interpretation of the question and how you propose to develop it. The conclusion must summarise your response to the question. In the course of your answer, you may like to make references to other texts or critics as this will add some depth to your analysis.

3. Presentation: Once you are satisfied with your answers, you can write down the final version for submission, writing each answer neatly and underlining the points you wish to emphasize.

IGNOU Assignment Front Page

The top of the first page of your response sheet should look like this: Get IGNOU Assignment Front page through. And Attach on front page of your assignment. Students need to compulsory attach the front page in at the beginning of their handwritten assignment.

ENROLMENT NO: …………………………

NAME: ………………………………………

ADDRESS: …………………………………

COURSE TITLE: …………………………

ASSIGNMENT NO: ………………………

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MSD 014 Handwritten Assignment 2024-25

MSD 014 Solved Assignment 2024-25: We provide handwritten PDF and Hardcopy to our IGNOU and other university students. There are several types of handwritten assignment we provide all Over India. We are genuinely work in this field for so many time. You can get your assignment done - 8130208920

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