IGNOU MDC 002 Solved Assignment 2024-25


MDC 002 Solved Assignment 2024-25

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Course Code: MDC 002

Assignment Code: MDC 002 ASST/TMA/2024-25

Marks: 100

NOTE: All questions are compulsory

Note: Attempt all the questions and submit this assignment to the Coordinator of yourstudy centre. Last date of submission for July 2023 session is 31st October, 2023 and for January 2024 session is 30th April 2024.

Q1. Describe various issues & challenges in water management.

Water management faces numerous challenges and issues, ranging from scarcity and pollution to inefficient distribution and inadequate infrastructure. Here are some of the key challenges:

Water Scarcity: Many regions worldwide suffer from water scarcity due to increasing population, urbanization, climate change, and unsustainable water use practices. This scarcity leads to competition for water resources among various sectors like agriculture, industry, and households.

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Water Pollution: Pollution from industrial discharge, agricultural runoff, untreated sewage, and improper waste disposal contaminates water bodies, affecting both human health and ecosystems. Addressing pollution requires effective regulations, infrastructure investments, and public awareness campaigns.

Climate Change: Climate change alters precipitation patterns, exacerbating water scarcity in some regions and causing more frequent and intense floods and droughts. Adapting to these changes requires robust water management strategies, including improved water storage, conservation measures, and sustainable land use practices.

Aging Infrastructure: Many water supply and distribution systems worldwide are aging and in need of repair or replacement. Aging infrastructure leads to water losses through leaks and inefficiencies, compromising water availability and quality.

Unequal Access: Inequitable access to clean water and sanitation services persists globally, disproportionately affecting marginalized communities, rural areas, and informal settlements. Achieving universal access to safe drinking water and sanitation requires addressing socioeconomic disparities, investing in infrastructure, and ensuring affordability and accessibility.

Water Governance: Inefficient or inadequate governance structures, including fragmented institutional frameworks and unclear regulatory frameworks, hamper effective water management. Strengthening governance mechanisms, enhancing coordination among stakeholders, and promoting stakeholder participation are essential for sustainable water management.

Over-Extraction of Groundwater: Excessive extraction of groundwater for irrigation, industrial use, and drinking water supplies leads to depletion of aquifers, land subsidence, and saltwater intrusion in coastal areas. Managing groundwater sustainably requires implementing regulations, promoting water-efficient practices, and monitoring groundwater levels.

Ecosystem Degradation: Alterations to natural water systems, such as river channelization, wetland drainage, and dam construction, disrupt ecosystems and impair their ability to provide essential services like water filtration, flood regulation, and habitat for biodiversity. Balancing human water needs with ecosystem conservation is crucial for maintaining ecological integrity.

Water-Energy-Food Nexus: Water, energy, and food systems are interconnected, and changes in one sector can affect the others. Increasing water demand for agriculture and energy production places additional pressure on water resources, requiring integrated approaches to ensure sustainability and resilience across sectors.

Financial Constraints: Financing water infrastructure projects, maintenance, and operation costs pose significant challenges, particularly in low-income countries and regions with limited fiscal resources. Mobilizing funding from public and private sources, improving cost recovery mechanisms, and exploring innovative financing mechanisms are essential for sustaining water management efforts.

Addressing these challenges requires a holistic approach that integrates water management with broader socioeconomic development goals, environmental conservation efforts, and climate adaptation strategies. Collaboration among governments, civil society, the private sector, and local communities is essential to overcome these challenges and ensure sustainable water management for present and future generations.

Q2. Discuss the contribution & problems of public sector involvement in Development.

Q3. What are various types of NGO’s & their importance in Indian scenario?

Q4. Discuss the folk and traditional media contribution towards social change, with suitable example.

Q5. Explain the use of alternative media in modern society.

MDC 002 Handwritten Assignment 2024-25

MDC 002 Solved Assignment 2024-25: We provide handwritten PDF and Hardcopy to our IGNOU and other university students. There are several types of handwritten assignment we provide all Over India. We are genuinely work in this field for so many time. You can get your assignment done - 8130208920

Important Note - You may be aware that you need to submit your assignments before you can appear for the Term End Exams. Please remember to keep a copy of your completed assignment, just in case the one you submitted is lost in transit.

Submission Date :

31st March 2023 (if enrolled in the July 2024-25 Session)

30th Sept, 2023 (if enrolled in the January 2024-25 session).

IGNOU Instructions for the MDC 002 Assignments

MDC 002 Human Development and Communication Assignment 2024-25 Before ate mpting the assignment, please read the following instructions carefully.

1. Read the detailed instructions about the assignment given in the Handbook and Programme Guide.

3. Write the course title, assignment number and the name of the study centre you are attached to in the centre of the first page of your response sheet(s).

4. Use only foolscap size paper for your response and tag all the pages carefully

5. Write the relevant question number with each answer.

6. You should write in your own handwriting.

GUIDELINES FOR IGNOU Assignment MDC 002023-24

MDC 002 Solved Assignment 2024-25 You will find it useful to keep the following points in mind:

1. Planning: Read the questions carefully. Go through the units on which they are based. Make some points regarding each question and then rearrange these in a STATISTICS IN PSYCHOLOGYal order. And please write the answers in your own words. Do not reproduce passages from the units.

2. Organisation: Be a little more selective and analytic before drawing up a rough outline of your answer. In an essay-type question, give adequate attention to your introduction and conclusion. The introduction must offer your brief interpretation of the question and how you propose to develop it. The conclusion must summarise your response to the question. In the course of your answer, you may like to make references to other texts or critics as this will add some depth to your analysis.

3. Presentation: Once you are satisfied with your answers, you can write down the final version for submission, writing each answer neatly and underlining the points you wish to emphasize.

IGNOU Assignment Front Page

The top of the first page of your response sheet should look like this: Get IGNOU Assignment Front page through. And Attach on front page of your assignment. Students need to compulsory attach the front page in at the beginning of their handwritten assignment.

ENROLMENT NO: …………………………

NAME: ………………………………………

ADDRESS: …………………………………

COURSE TITLE: …………………………

ASSIGNMENT NO: ………………………

STUDY CENTRE: …………………………

DATE: ………………………………………

MDC 002 Handwritten Assignment 2024-25

MDC 002 Solved Assignment 2024-25: We provide handwritten PDF and Hardcopy to our IGNOU and other university students. There are several types of handwritten assignment we provide all Over India. We are genuinely work in this field for so many time. You can get your assignment done - 8130208920

PDF & Handwritten

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