IGNOU BNRI 101 Solved Assignment 2024-25


BNRI 101 Solved Assignment 2024-25

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Course Code: BNRI 101

Assignment Code: BNRI 101 ASST/TMA/2024-25

Marks: 100

NOTE: All questions are compulsory

Note: Attempt all the questions and submit this assignment to the Coordinator of yourstudy centre. Last date of submission for July 2023 session is 31st October, 2023 and for January 2024 session is 30th April 2024.

Q1. What is watershed management? Describe its need, focus, and objectives.

Watershed management is an integrated approach to managing natural resources within a specific geographical area defined by the flow of water, typically bounded by ridges or high points. It involves planning, implementing, and coordinating various activities to conserve and sustainably manage water, soil, vegetation, and other natural resources within the watershed boundary. Here's a breakdown of its need, focus, and objectives:

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Resource Conservation: Watershed management is needed to conserve natural resources such as water, soil, forests, and biodiversity. These resources are essential for the well-being of both ecosystems and human communities.

Water Security: Effective watershed management ensures a sustainable supply of clean water for various uses, including drinking water, agriculture, industry, and ecosystem support.

Flood Control: By managing land use and vegetation cover, watershed management can help mitigate the risk of floods by reducing soil erosion, increasing infiltration, and regulating runoff.

Ecosystem Health: Healthy watersheds support diverse ecosystems and provide habitat for wildlife. Managing watersheds helps preserve biodiversity and ecological balance.

Community Resilience: Watershed management enhances the resilience of communities to climate change impacts, such as droughts, floods, and water scarcity, by promoting adaptive strategies and sustainable practices.

Focus of Watershed Management:

Integrated Approach: Watershed management integrates various disciplines and stakeholders, including hydrology, ecology, land use planning, agriculture, forestry, urban development, and community participation.

Holistic Perspective: It considers the interconnectedness of natural processes and human activities within the watershed, recognizing that actions in one part of the watershed can affect downstream areas.

Sustainable Practices: The focus is on promoting sustainable land and water management practices that balance human needs with environmental conservation and resilience.

Stakeholder Engagement: Watershed management involves engaging local communities, landowners, government agencies, NGOs, and other stakeholders in decision-making processes to ensure their participation and ownership of management initiatives.

Monitoring and Evaluation: It emphasizes continuous monitoring of environmental indicators, such as water quality, soil erosion rates, vegetation cover, and hydrological patterns, to assess the effectiveness of management strategies and adapt them as needed.

Objectives of Watershed Management:

Water Conservation: To protect and enhance water resources by minimizing pollution, improving water quality, and optimizing water use efficiency.

Soil Conservation: To reduce soil erosion, enhance soil fertility, and promote sustainable agricultural and land management practices to maintain soil health.

Biodiversity Conservation: To conserve and restore natural habitats, protect endangered species, and promote biodiversity within the watershed.

Flood Mitigation: To reduce the risk of floods through measures such as afforestation, soil conservation, floodplain zoning, and the construction of retention basins and check dams.

Community Development: To enhance the socio-economic well-being of local communities by promoting livelihood opportunities, infrastructure development, and capacity building in watershed management practices.

Climate Change Adaptation: To build resilience to climate change impacts by implementing adaptive measures such as water harvesting, drought preparedness, and ecosystem restoration.

Overall, watershed management aims to achieve a balance between human development and environmental conservation, ensuring the sustainable use of natural resources for current and future generations.

Q2. Describe different watershed characteristics. Explain criteria for selection of watersheds.

Q3. What is Remote Sensing (RS) and Geographical Information System (GIS)? Explain their role in watershed management.

Q4. Describe the organizational set up envisages in the Common Guidelines 2008 to ensure effective implementation of watershed projects.

Q5. Describe the year wise activities undertaken during different phases of the watershed project.

BNRI 101 Handwritten Assignment 2024-25

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Important Note - You may be aware that you need to submit your assignments before you can appear for the Term End Exams. Please remember to keep a copy of your completed assignment, just in case the one you submitted is lost in transit.

Submission Date :

31st March 2023 (if enrolled in the July 2024-25 Session)

30th Sept, 2023 (if enrolled in the January 2024-25 session).

IGNOU Instructions for the BNRI 101 Assignments

BNRI 101 Fundamentals of Watershed Management Assignment 2024-25 Before ate mpting the assignment, please read the following instructions carefully.

1. Read the detailed instructions about the assignment given in the Handbook and Programme Guide.

3. Write the course title, assignment number and the name of the study centre you are attached to in the centre of the first page of your response sheet(s).

4. Use only foolscap size paper for your response and tag all the pages carefully

5. Write the relevant question number with each answer.

6. You should write in your own handwriting.

GUIDELINES FOR IGNOU Assignment BNRI 101023-24

BNRI 101 Solved Assignment 2024-25 You will find it useful to keep the following points in mind:

1. Planning: Read the questions carefully. Go through the units on which they are based. Make some points regarding each question and then rearrange these in a STATISTICS IN PSYCHOLOGYal order. And please write the answers in your own words. Do not reproduce passages from the units.

2. Organisation: Be a little more selective and analytic before drawing up a rough outline of your answer. In an essay-type question, give adequate attention to your introduction and conclusion. The introduction must offer your brief interpretation of the question and how you propose to develop it. The conclusion must summarise your response to the question. In the course of your answer, you may like to make references to other texts or critics as this will add some depth to your analysis.

3. Presentation: Once you are satisfied with your answers, you can write down the final version for submission, writing each answer neatly and underlining the points you wish to emphasize.

IGNOU Assignment Front Page

The top of the first page of your response sheet should look like this: Get IGNOU Assignment Front page through. And Attach on front page of your assignment. Students need to compulsory attach the front page in at the beginning of their handwritten assignment.

ENROLMENT NO: …………………………

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BNRI 101 Handwritten Assignment 2024-25

BNRI 101 Solved Assignment 2024-25: We provide handwritten PDF and Hardcopy to our IGNOU and other university students. There are several types of handwritten assignment we provide all Over India. We are genuinely work in this field for so many time. You can get your assignment done - 8130208920

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