IGNOU MSD 012 Solved Assignment 2023-24


MSD 012 Solved Assignment 2023-24

MSD 012 Solved Assignment 2023-24, FREE MSD 012 Solved Assignment 2023-24, FREE MSD 012 Ecosystem and Natural Resources Assignment PDF, How to get MSD 012 Solved Assignment for Free, We are providing IGNOU MSD 012 Ecosystem and Natural Resources Solved Assignment all over India.

MSD 012 Solved Assignment 2023-24MSD 012 Solved Assignment 2023-24 FREE MSD 012 Solved Assignment 2023-24, students can directly done their assignment by simply take reference through our free ignou service. MSD 012 Free solved assignment available here.

Course Code: MSD 012

Assignment Code: MSD 012 ASST/TMA/2023-24

Marks: 100

NOTE: All questions are compulsory

Note: Attempt all the questions and submit this assignment to the Coordinator of yourstudy centre. Last date of submission for July 2023 session is 31st October, 2023 and for January 2024 session is 30th April 2024.

Q1. Explain the concept ‘Ecosystem Function’ with suitable examples.

Ecosystem function refers to the processes and activities that occur within an ecosystem, which contribute to its overall health, stability, and resilience. These functions are essential for maintaining the balance of the ecosystem and ensuring the survival of its constituent organisms. Here are some key ecosystem functions along with examples:

Nutrient Cycling:

Example: In a forest ecosystem, fallen leaves and dead organisms are broken down by decomposers like fungi and bacteria. These decomposers release nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and carbon back into the soil, which are then taken up by plants for growth. This cycling of nutrients ensures the availability of essential elements for the organisms within the ecosystem.

Primary Production:

Example: Photosynthesis, carried out by plants and algae, is a crucial ecosystem function where solar energy is converted into chemical energy in the form of organic compounds. This process forms the basis of the food chain, as plants produce food for themselves and other organisms. In aquatic ecosystems, phytoplankton perform the majority of primary production, supporting diverse marine life.

Water Purification and Regulation:

Example: Wetlands act as natural filters, purifying water by trapping sediments and removing pollutants. They also help regulate water flow, reducing the risk of floods by absorbing excess water during heavy rains and releasing it slowly over time. Mangrove forests similarly protect coastal areas by buffering against storm surges and stabilizing shorelines.

Climate Regulation:

Example: Forests play a significant role in climate regulation through the absorption of carbon dioxide during photosynthesis. They act as carbon sinks, sequestering carbon and helping to mitigate climate change by reducing the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Additionally, forests influence local climate patterns by regulating temperature and humidity through evapotranspiration.


Example: Pollinators such as bees, butterflies, birds, and bats facilitate the reproduction of flowering plants by transferring pollen between flowers. This process is essential for the production of fruits, seeds, and nuts, upon which many animals, including humans, rely for food. Without pollinators, ecosystems would lose their diversity and productivity.

Ignou msd 012 so syllabus; Ignou msd 012 so pdf; Ignou msd 012 so pdf download; msd-019 study material pdf; sustainability science ignou; pg diploma in sustainability science ignou; biodiversity conservation ignou; pgdss study material

Pest Regulation:

Example: Predators and parasites help control the populations of herbivores and pests within an ecosystem. For instance, ladybugs feed on aphids, reducing their numbers and preventing them from damaging crops. Maintaining a balance between predator and prey populations is crucial for preventing outbreaks of pests and maintaining ecosystem stability.

These examples illustrate how various ecosystem functions interact to support life and maintain ecological balance. Protecting and conserving these functions are essential for ensuring the long-term health and sustainability of ecosystems and the services they provide to humanity.

Q2. What are the available soil types in your country? Explain.

Q3. Write an essay on the mineral resources, use and management in your country.

Q4. Discuss the major opportunities and challenges of promoting genetic diversity in your country with suitable examples.

MSD 012 Handwritten Assignment 2023-24

MSD 012 Solved Assignment 2023-24: We provide handwritten PDF and Hardcopy to our IGNOU and other university students. There are several types of handwritten assignment we provide all Over India. We are genuinely work in this field for so many time. You can get your assignment done - 8130208920

Important Note - You may be aware that you need to submit your assignments before you can appear for the Term End Exams. Please remember to keep a copy of your completed assignment, just in case the one you submitted is lost in transit.

Submission Date :

31st March 2023 (if enrolled in the July 2023-24 Session)

30th Sept, 2023 (if enrolled in the January 2023-24 session).

IGNOU Instructions for the MSD 012 Assignments

MSD 012 Ecosystem and Natural Resources Assignment 2023-24 Before ate mpting the assignment, please read the following instructions carefully.

1. Read the detailed instructions about the assignment given in the Handbook and Programme Guide.

3. Write the course title, assignment number and the name of the study centre you are attached to in the centre of the first page of your response sheet(s).

4. Use only foolscap size paper for your response and tag all the pages carefully

5. Write the relevant question number with each answer.

6. You should write in your own handwriting.

GUIDELINES FOR IGNOU Assignment MSD 012023-24

MSD 012 Solved Assignment 2023-24 You will find it useful to keep the following points in mind:

1. Planning: Read the questions carefully. Go through the units on which they are based. Make some points regarding each question and then rearrange these in a STATISTICS IN PSYCHOLOGYal order. And please write the answers in your own words. Do not reproduce passages from the units.

2. Organisation: Be a little more selective and analytic before drawing up a rough outline of your answer. In an essay-type question, give adequate attention to your introduction and conclusion. The introduction must offer your brief interpretation of the question and how you propose to develop it. The conclusion must summarise your response to the question. In the course of your answer, you may like to make references to other texts or critics as this will add some depth to your analysis.

3. Presentation: Once you are satisfied with your answers, you can write down the final version for submission, writing each answer neatly and underlining the points you wish to emphasize.

IGNOU Assignment Front Page

The top of the first page of your response sheet should look like this: Get IGNOU Assignment Front page through. And Attach on front page of your assignment. Students need to compulsory attach the front page in at the beginning of their handwritten assignment.

ENROLMENT NO: …………………………

NAME: ………………………………………

ADDRESS: …………………………………

COURSE TITLE: …………………………

ASSIGNMENT NO: ………………………

STUDY CENTRE: …………………………

DATE: ………………………………………

MSD 012 Handwritten Assignment 2023-24

MSD 012 Solved Assignment 2023-24: We provide handwritten PDF and Hardcopy to our IGNOU and other university students. There are several types of handwritten assignment we provide all Over India. We are genuinely work in this field for so many time. You can get your assignment done - 8130208920

PDF & Handwritten

WhatsApp - 8130208920



Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.